Litij

Litij (Li)

chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3
Atomski broj3
Relativna atomska masa6.94
Maseni broj7
Skupina1
Perioda2
Bloks
proton3 p+
neutron4 n0
elektron3 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Li (Litij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
145 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
133 pm
Metallic Radius
123 pm
Ionski radijus
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waals radius
182 pm
gustoća
0,534 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Litij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
0,618049 eV/particle
ionization energy
5,391714761 eV/particle
ionization energy of Li (Litij)
Toplina isparivanja
148 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
2,89 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
159,3 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 1
Bohrov model atoma: Li (Litij)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Li (Litij)
electron configuration[He] 2s1
1s2 2s1
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Li (Litij)
Orbital Diagram of Li (Litij)
Oksidacijski broj0, 1
Elektronegativnost
0.98
Electrophilicity Index
0,9457422835847783 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
1.615,15 K
Talište
453,65 K
critical pressure
67 MPa
critical temperature
3.223,15 K
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearancesilvery-white
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
84,8 W/(m K)
Toplinsko istezanje
0,000046 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,86 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
3,582 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
11 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,00000009400000000002 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,0000000256 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,000000000178 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,0000137
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaKubna prostorno centrirana (BCC)
lattice constant
3,49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
0,6 MPa
bulk modulus
11 GPa
shear modulus
4,2 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
4,9 GPa
Poissonov omjer
brzina zvuka
6.000 m/s
classification
KategorijaAlkalijski metali, Alkali metals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number12
Mendeleev Number1
Pettifor Number12
Geochemical Classalkali metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
164,1125 ± 0,0005 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
1.392 a₀
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
71
Neutron Mass Absorption
Kvantni brojevi2S1/2
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Lithium

Stabilni izotopi2
Nestabilni izotopi9
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition795.15%795.15%64.85%64.85%

3Li

Maseni broj3
neutron number0
Relativna atomska masa
3,030775 ± 0,002147 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

4Li

Maseni broj4
neutron number1
Relativna atomska masa
4,027185561 ± 0,000227733 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
91 ± 9 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1965
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

5Li

Maseni broj5
neutron number2
Relativna atomska masa
5,0125378 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
370 ± 30 ys
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1941
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

6Li

Maseni broj6
neutron number3
Relativna atomska masa
6,01512288742 ± 0,00000000155 Da
g-factor
0,822043 ± 0,000003
natural abundance
4,85 ± 1,71
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,000806 ± 0,000006
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1921
Parnost+

7Li

Maseni broj7
neutron number4
Relativna atomska masa
7,01600343426 ± 0,0000000045 Da
g-factor
2,170938 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
95,15 ± 1,71
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,04 ± 0,0003
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1921
Parnost-

8Li

Maseni broj8
neutron number5
Relativna atomska masa
8,022486244 ± 0,00000005 Da
g-factor
0,82675 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
838,7 ± 0,3 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0314 ± 0,0002
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1935
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
βα (β-delayed α emission)100%

9Li

Maseni broj9
neutron number6
Relativna atomska masa
9,026790191 ± 0,0000002 Da
g-factor
2,2911066666667 ± 0,00004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
178,2 ± 0,4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0304 ± 0,0002
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50.5%

10Li

Maseni broj10
neutron number7
Relativna atomska masa
10,035483453 ± 0,000013656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2 ± 0,5 zs
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1975
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)100%

11Li

Maseni broj11
neutron number8
Relativna atomska masa
11,043723581 ± 0,00000066 Da
g-factor
2,4474 ± 0,00013333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,75 ± 0,06 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0333 ± 0,0005
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1966
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)86.3%
2n (2-neutron emission)4.1%
3n (3-neutron emission)1.9%
βα (β-delayed α emission)1.7%
β d (β-delayed deuteron emission)0.013%
β t (β-delayed triton emission)0.0093%

12Li

Maseni broj12
neutron number9
Relativna atomska masa
12,052613942 ± 0,000032213 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2008
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

13Li

Maseni broj13
neutron number10
Relativna atomska masa
13,061171503 ± 0,00007515 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,3 ± 1,2 zs
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2008
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
2n (2-neutron emission)100%
Lithium paraffin

povijest

otkrio/izumioJohann Arfwedson
location of discoverySweden
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1817
EtimologijaGreek: lithos (stone).
pronunciationLITH-i-em (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
natural abundance (ocean)
0,18 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
0,000003 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,000000006 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3094
2s1.7208