Protaktinium

Protaktinium (Pa)

element with symbol Pa and atomic number of 91
Atomic Number91
Atomic Weight231.03588
Massagetal231
Group
Period7
Blockf
proton91 p+
neutron140 n0
elektron91 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pa (Protaktinium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
180 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
169 pm
Metallic Radius
Ioonradius
104 pm
Crystal Radius
118 pm
Van der Waals radius
243 pm
density
15,4 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Protaktinium0255075100125150175200225250pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Pa (Protaktinium)
Verdampingswarmte
481,2 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
16,7 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
563 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 32, 20, 9, 2
Bohr model: Pa (Protaktinium)
Valenselektrone2
Lewisteorie: Pa (Protaktinium)
elektronkonfigurasie[Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p6 5f2 6d1 7s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Pa (Protaktinium)
Orbital Diagram of Pa (Protaktinium)
Oksidasietoestand2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.5
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
Melting Point
1 845,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancebright, silvery metallic luster
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
5,6 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000018 m Ω
superconductivity
1,41 K
Magnetisme
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000325 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000007509 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0004995
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
3,92 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
Massamodulus
Skuifmodulus
Young se modulus
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
classification
CategoryActinides, Actinides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number35
Mendeleev Number18
Pettifor Number46
Geochemical ClassU/Th decay series
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
154 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
200
Neutron Mass Absorption
quantum number4K11/2
Ruimtegroep139 (I4/mmm)

Isotopes of Protactinium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes1

211Pa

Massagetal211
neutron number120
relative atomic mass
211,023674036 ± 0,000074581 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6 ± 3 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2006
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)

212Pa

Massagetal212
neutron number121
relative atomic mass
212,023184819 ± 0,000094047 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,8 ± 1,9 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

213Pa

Massagetal213
neutron number122
relative atomic mass
213,021099644 ± 0,000061374 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
7,4 ± 2,4 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1995
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

214Pa

Massagetal214
neutron number123
relative atomic mass
214,020891055 ± 0,00008718 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
17 ± 3 ms
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

215Pa

Massagetal215
neutron number124
relative atomic mass
215,019113955 ± 0,000088513 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
14 ± 2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

216Pa

Massagetal216
neutron number125
relative atomic mass
216,019134633 ± 0,000026459 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
105 ± 12 ms
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

217Pa

Massagetal217
neutron number126
relative atomic mass
217,018309024 ± 0,000013417 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,8 ± 0,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β (β decay)

218Pa

Massagetal218
neutron number127
relative atomic mass
218,020021133 ± 0,000019158 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
108 ± 5 us
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

219Pa

Massagetal219
neutron number128
relative atomic mass
219,019949909 ± 0,000074831 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
56 ± 9 ns
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2005
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

220Pa

Massagetal220
neutron number129
relative atomic mass
220,021769753 ± 0,000015732 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
0,85 ± 0,06 us
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2005
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

221Pa

Massagetal221
neutron number130
relative atomic mass
221,021873393 ± 0,000063746 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,9 ± 1,7 us
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

222Pa

Massagetal222
neutron number131
relative atomic mass
222,023687064 ± 0,000092975 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,8 ± 0,2 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

223Pa

Massagetal223
neutron number132
relative atomic mass
223,023980414 ± 0,000081193 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,3 ± 0,3 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

224Pa

Massagetal224
neutron number133
relative atomic mass
224,025617286 ± 0,000008145 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
844 ± 19 ms
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1958
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

225Pa

Massagetal225
neutron number134
relative atomic mass
225,026147927 ± 0,000087887 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,71 ± 0,1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1958
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

226Pa

Massagetal226
neutron number135
relative atomic mass
226,027948217 ± 0,000012037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,8 ± 0,2 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)74%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)26%

227Pa

Massagetal227
neutron number136
relative atomic mass
227,028803586 ± 0,000007797 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
38,3 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)85%
ϵ (electron capture)15%

228Pa

Massagetal228
neutron number137
relative atomic mass
228,031050758 ± 0,000004659 Da
g-factor
1,1666666666667 ± 0,16666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
22 ± 1 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.15%
α (α emission)1.85%

229Pa

Massagetal229
neutron number138
relative atomic mass
229,032095585 ± 0,000003521 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,55 ± 0,04 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)99.51%
α (α emission)0.49%

230Pa

Massagetal230
neutron number139
relative atomic mass
230,034539717 ± 0,000003261 Da
g-factor
1 ± 0,1
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
17,4 ± 0,5 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)92.2%
β (β decay)7.8%
α (α emission)0.0032%

231Pa

Massagetal231
neutron number140
relative atomic mass
231,0358825 ± 0,000001901 Da
g-factor
1,3266666666667 ± 0,013333333333333
natural abundance
100
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
32,65 ± 0,2 ky
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-1,72 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1918
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)3%
24Ne (heavy cluster emission)13.4%
23F9.9%

232Pa

Massagetal232
neutron number141
relative atomic mass
232,038590205 ± 0,000008206 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,32 ± 0,02 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
ϵ (electron capture)

233Pa

Massagetal233
neutron number142
relative atomic mass
233,040246535 ± 0,000001433 Da
g-factor
2,6666666666667 ± 0,46666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
26,975 ± 0,013 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-3 ± 0,4
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

234Pa

Massagetal234
neutron number143
relative atomic mass
234,043305555 ± 0,000004395 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6,7 ± 0,05 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1913
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

235Pa

Massagetal235
neutron number144
relative atomic mass
235,045399 ± 0,000015 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
24,4 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

236Pa

Massagetal236
neutron number145
relative atomic mass
236,048668 ± 0,000015 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,1 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1963
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β SF (β-delayed fission)6%

237Pa

Massagetal237
neutron number146
relative atomic mass
237,051023 ± 0,000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,7 ± 0,2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

238Pa

Massagetal238
neutron number147
relative atomic mass
238,054637 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,28 ± 0,09 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β SF (β-delayed fission)2.6%

239Pa

Massagetal239
neutron number148
relative atomic mass
239,05726 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,8 ± 0,5 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

240Pa

Massagetal240
neutron number149
relative atomic mass
240,061203 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

241Pa

Massagetal241
neutron number150
relative atomic mass
241,064134 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Protactinium-233

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurFredrich Soddy, John Cranston, Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner
ligging van ontdekkingEngland/France
ontdekkingsdatum1917
etimologieGreek: proto and actinium (parent of actinium); it forms actinium when it radioactively decays.
uitspraakPRO-tak-tin-eh-em (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,0000014 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,00000000005 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
natural abundance (Son)
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants