Protaktini

Protaktini (Pa)

element with symbol Pa and atomic number of 91
Atomic Number91
Atomic Weight231.03588
mass number231
Group
Period7
Blockf
protoni91 p+
nyutroni140 n0
elektroni91 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pa (Protaktini)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
180 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
169 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
104 pm
Crystal Radius
118 pm
Van der Waals radius
243 pm
msongamano
15.4 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Protaktini0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

nishati
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Pa (Protaktini)
enthalpy of vaporization
481.2 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
16.7 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
563 kJ/mol
elektroni
Mzingo elektroni2, 8, 18, 32, 20, 9, 2
Bohr model: Pa (Protaktini)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Pa (Protaktini)
electron configuration[Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p6 5f2 6d1 7s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Pa (Protaktini)
Orbital Diagram of Pa (Protaktini)
oxidation number2, 3, 4, 5
electronegativity
1.5
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
Melting Point
1,845.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Kiwango utatu
appearance
Rangi
Silver
appearancebright, silvery metallic luster
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
5.6 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0.00000018 m Ω
superconductivity
1.41 K
Uga sumaku
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000325 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000007509 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0004995
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
3.92 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
speed of sound
classification
CategoryActinides, Actinides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number35
Mendeleev Number18
Pettifor Number46
Geochemical ClassU/Th decay series
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
154 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
200
Neutron Mass Absorption
quantum number4K11/2
space group139 (I4/mmm)

Isotopes of Protactinium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes1

211Pa

mass number211
neutron number120
relative atomic mass
211.023674036 ± 0.000074581 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
6 ± 3 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi2006
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)

212Pa

mass number212
neutron number121
relative atomic mass
212.023184819 ± 0.000094047 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
5.8 ± 1.9 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1997
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%

213Pa

mass number213
neutron number122
relative atomic mass
213.021099644 ± 0.000061374 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
7.4 ± 2.4 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1995
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%

214Pa

mass number214
neutron number123
relative atomic mass
214.020891055 ± 0.00008718 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
17 ± 3 ms
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1995
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%

215Pa

mass number215
neutron number124
relative atomic mass
215.019113955 ± 0.000088513 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
14 ± 2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1979
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%

216Pa

mass number216
neutron number125
relative atomic mass
216.019134633 ± 0.000026459 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
105 ± 12 ms
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1972
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

217Pa

mass number217
neutron number126
relative atomic mass
217.018309024 ± 0.000013417 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
3.8 ± 0.2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1968
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%
β (β decay)

218Pa

mass number218
neutron number127
relative atomic mass
218.020021133 ± 0.000019158 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
108 ± 5 us
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1979
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%

219Pa

mass number219
neutron number128
relative atomic mass
219.019949909 ± 0.000074831 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
56 ± 9 ns
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi2005
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

220Pa

mass number220
neutron number129
relative atomic mass
220.021769753 ± 0.000015732 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
0.85 ± 0.06 us
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi2005
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

221Pa

mass number221
neutron number130
relative atomic mass
221.021873393 ± 0.000063746 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
5.9 ± 1.7 us
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1983
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%

222Pa

mass number222
neutron number131
relative atomic mass
222.023687064 ± 0.000092975 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
3.8 ± 0.2 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1970
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%

223Pa

mass number223
neutron number132
relative atomic mass
223.023980414 ± 0.000081193 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
5.3 ± 0.3 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1970
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

224Pa

mass number224
neutron number133
relative atomic mass
224.025617286 ± 0.000008145 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
844 ± 19 ms
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1958
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

225Pa

mass number225
neutron number134
relative atomic mass
225.026147927 ± 0.000087887 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
1.71 ± 0.1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1958
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%

226Pa

mass number226
neutron number135
relative atomic mass
226.027948217 ± 0.000012037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
1.8 ± 0.2 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1949
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)74%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)26%

227Pa

mass number227
neutron number136
relative atomic mass
227.028803586 ± 0.000007797 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
38.3 ± 0.3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1948
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)85%
ϵ (electron capture)15%

228Pa

mass number228
neutron number137
relative atomic mass
228.031050758 ± 0.000004659 Da
g-factor
1.1666666666667 ± 0.16666666666667
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
22 ± 1 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1948
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.15%
α (α emission)1.85%

229Pa

mass number229
neutron number138
relative atomic mass
229.032095585 ± 0.000003521 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
1.55 ± 0.04 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1949
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
ϵ (electron capture)99.51%
α (α emission)0.49%

230Pa

mass number230
neutron number139
relative atomic mass
230.034539717 ± 0.000003261 Da
g-factor
1 ± 0.1
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
17.4 ± 0.5 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1948
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)92.2%
β (β decay)7.8%
α (α emission)0.0032%

231Pa

mass number231
neutron number140
relative atomic mass
231.0358825 ± 0.000001901 Da
g-factor
1.3266666666667 ± 0.013333333333333
natural abundance
100
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
32.65 ± 0.2 ky
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-1.72 ± 0.05
Uvumbuzi1918
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)3%
24Ne (heavy cluster emission)13.4%
23F9.9%

232Pa

mass number232
neutron number141
relative atomic mass
232.038590205 ± 0.000008206 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
1.32 ± 0.02 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1949
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
ϵ (electron capture)

233Pa

mass number233
neutron number142
relative atomic mass
233.040246535 ± 0.000001433 Da
g-factor
2.6666666666667 ± 0.46666666666667
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
26.975 ± 0.013 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-3 ± 0.4
Uvumbuzi1938
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

234Pa

mass number234
neutron number143
relative atomic mass
234.043305555 ± 0.000004395 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
6.7 ± 0.05 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1913
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

235Pa

mass number235
neutron number144
relative atomic mass
235.045399 ± 0.000015 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
24.4 ± 0.2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1950
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

236Pa

mass number236
neutron number145
relative atomic mass
236.048668 ± 0.000015 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
9.1 ± 0.1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1963
parity

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β SF (β-delayed fission)6%

237Pa

mass number237
neutron number146
relative atomic mass
237.051023 ± 0.000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
8.7 ± 0.2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1954
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

238Pa

mass number238
neutron number147
relative atomic mass
238.054637 ± 0.000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
2.28 ± 0.09 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1968
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β SF (β-delayed fission)2.6%

239Pa

mass number239
neutron number148
relative atomic mass
239.05726 ± 0.00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
1.8 ± 0.5 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1995
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

240Pa

mass number240
neutron number149
relative atomic mass
240.061203 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)

241Pa

mass number241
neutron number150
relative atomic mass
241.064134 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)
Protactinium-233

historia

mgunduzi au mvumbuziFredrich Soddy, John Cranston, Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner
location of discoveryEngland/France
Uvumbuzi1917
EtimolojiaGreek: proto and actinium (parent of actinium); it forms actinium when it radioactively decays.
pronunciationPRO-tak-tin-eh-em (Kiingereza)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.0000014 mg/kg
natural abundance (Bahari)
0.00000000005 mg/L
natural abundance (Mwili)
0 %
natural abundance (Kimondo)
natural abundance (Jua)
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants