Plutonij[um]

Plutonij[um] (Pu)

hemijski element sa simbolom Pu i atomskim brojem 94
Atomic Number94
Atomic Weight244
Maseni broj221
Group
Period7
Blockf
Proton94 p+
Neutron127 n0
Elektron94 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Pu (Plutonij[um])

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
175 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
172 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
100 pm
Crystal Radius
114 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
243 pm
gustoća
19,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Plutonij[um]0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Pu (Plutonij[um])
Toplota isparavanja
343,5 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
2,8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
345 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Pu (Plutonij[um])
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: Pu (Plutonij[um])
electron configuration[Rn] 5f6 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p6 5f6 7s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Pu (Plutonij[um])
Orbital Diagram of Pu (Plutonij[um])
oksidacijsko stanje2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Elektronegativnost
1.3
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.501,15 K
Melting Point
913,15 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery white, tarnishing to dark gray in air
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
0,67 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000015 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000317 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000007735 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0006282
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Monoclinic (MCL)
lattice constant
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.776571, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
96 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
Brzina zvuka
2.260 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryActinides, Actinides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number38
Mendeleev Number24
Pettifor Number43
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsynthetic

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
132 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,7
Neutron Mass Absorption
Kvantni brojevi7F0
space group11 (P121/m1)

Isotopes of Plutonium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes27
Natural Isotopes0

221Pu

Maseni broj221
broj neutrona127
relative atomic mass
221,038572 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

222Pu

Maseni broj222
broj neutrona128
relative atomic mass
222,037638 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

223Pu

Maseni broj223
broj neutrona129
relative atomic mass
223,038777 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

224Pu

Maseni broj224
broj neutrona130
relative atomic mass
224,037875 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

225Pu

Maseni broj225
broj neutrona131
relative atomic mass
225,03897 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

226Pu

Maseni broj226
broj neutrona132
relative atomic mass
226,03825 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

227Pu

Maseni broj227
broj neutrona133
relative atomic mass
227,039474 ± 0,000107 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

228Pu

Maseni broj228
broj neutrona134
relative atomic mass
228,038763325 ± 0,000025069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,1 ± 1,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

229Pu

Maseni broj229
broj neutrona135
relative atomic mass
229,040145099 ± 0,000065092 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
91 ± 26 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)50%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)50%
SF (spontaneous fission)7%

230Pu

Maseni broj230
broj neutrona136
relative atomic mass
230,039648313 ± 0,000015514 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
105 ± 10 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

231Pu

Maseni broj231
broj neutrona137
relative atomic mass
231,041125946 ± 0,000023683 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,6 ± 0,5 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)13%

232Pu

Maseni broj232
broj neutrona138
relative atomic mass
232,041182133 ± 0,000018126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
33,7 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)
α (α emission)20%

233Pu

Maseni broj233
broj neutrona139
relative atomic mass
233,042997411 ± 0,000058162 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20,9 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.12%

234Pu

Maseni broj234
broj neutrona140
relative atomic mass
234,043317489 ± 0,000007298 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,8 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)94%
α (α emission)6%

235Pu

Maseni broj235
broj neutrona141
relative atomic mass
235,045284609 ± 0,00002203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25,3 ± 0,5 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9972%
α (α emission)0.0028%

236Pu

Maseni broj236
broj neutrona142
relative atomic mass
236,046056661 ± 0,000001942 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,858 ± 0,008 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
28Mg2%
+ (double β+ decay)

237Pu

Maseni broj237
broj neutrona143
relative atomic mass
237,048407888 ± 0,000001821 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
45,64 ± 0,04 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)99.9958%
α (α emission)0.0042%

238Pu

Maseni broj238
broj neutrona144
relative atomic mass
238,049558175 ± 0,000001221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
87,7 ± 0,1 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
32Si1.4%
30Mg6%

239Pu

Maseni broj239
broj neutrona145
relative atomic mass
239,052161596 ± 0,000001194 Da
g-factor
0,404 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
24,11 ± 0,03 ky
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)3.1%

240Pu

Maseni broj240
broj neutrona146
relative atomic mass
240,05381174 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,561 ± 0,007 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.796%
34Si1.3%

241Pu

Maseni broj241
broj neutrona147
relative atomic mass
241,056849651 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
-0,2712 ± 0,0056
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,329 ± 0,029 y
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
6
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)0.00245%
SF (spontaneous fission)2.4%

242Pu

Maseni broj242
broj neutrona148
relative atomic mass
242,058740979 ± 0,000001336 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
375 ± 2 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.51%

243Pu

Maseni broj243
broj neutrona149
relative atomic mass
243,062002068 ± 0,000002728 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,9553 ± 0,0025 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

244Pu

Maseni broj244
broj neutrona150
relative atomic mass
244,064204401 ± 0,000002518 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
81,3 ± 0,3 My
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.877%
SF (spontaneous fission)0.123%
(double β decay)7.3%

245Pu

Maseni broj245
broj neutrona151
relative atomic mass
245,067824554 ± 0,000014621 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,5 ± 0,1 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

246Pu

Maseni broj246
broj neutrona152
relative atomic mass
246,070204172 ± 0,000016087 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,84 ± 0,02 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

247Pu

Maseni broj247
broj neutrona153
relative atomic mass
247,0743 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,27 ± 0,23 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
Plutonium ring

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljG.T.Seaborg, J.W.Kennedy, E.M.McMillan, A.C.Wohl
mjesto otkrićaUnited States
datum otkrića1940
EtimologijaNamed for the planet Pluto.
pronunciationploo-TOE-ni-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (okean)
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
0 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0 %
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants