Plutonioa

Plutonioa (Pu)

94 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number94
Atomic Weight244
masa-zenbaki221
Group
Period7
Blockf
protoi94 p+
neutroi127 n0
elektroi94 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Pu (Plutonioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
175 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
172 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
100 pm
Crystal Radius
114 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
243 pm
dentsitatea
19,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Plutonioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
ionizazio energia of Pu (Plutonioa)
Irakite-entalpia
343,5 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
2,8 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
345 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Pu (Plutonioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Pu (Plutonioa)
electron configuration[Rn] 5f6 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p6 5f6 7s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Pu (Plutonioa)
Orbital Diagram of Pu (Plutonioa)
Oxidazio-egoera2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Elektronegatibotasun
1.3
Electrophilicity Index
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
3.501,15 K
Melting Point
913,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white, tarnishing to dark gray in air
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
0,67 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,0000015 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000000317 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000007735 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0006282
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Monoclinic (MCL)
lattice constant
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.776571, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
Zizaila modulua
43 GPa
Youngen modulu
96 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,21
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.260 m/s
classification
CategoryActinides, Actinides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number38
Mendeleev Number24
Pettifor Number43
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsynthetic

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
132 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,7
Neutron Mass Absorption
zenbaki kuantiko7F0
talde espazial11 (P121/m1)

Isotopes of Plutonium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes27
Natural Isotopes0

221Pu

masa-zenbaki221
neutron number127
atomo-masa erlatibo
221,038572 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

222Pu

masa-zenbaki222
neutron number128
atomo-masa erlatibo
222,037638 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

223Pu

masa-zenbaki223
neutron number129
atomo-masa erlatibo
223,038777 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

224Pu

masa-zenbaki224
neutron number130
atomo-masa erlatibo
224,037875 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

225Pu

masa-zenbaki225
neutron number131
atomo-masa erlatibo
225,03897 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

226Pu

masa-zenbaki226
neutron number132
atomo-masa erlatibo
226,03825 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

227Pu

masa-zenbaki227
neutron number133
atomo-masa erlatibo
227,039474 ± 0,000107 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

228Pu

masa-zenbaki228
neutron number134
atomo-masa erlatibo
228,038763325 ± 0,000025069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,1 ± 1,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

229Pu

masa-zenbaki229
neutron number135
atomo-masa erlatibo
229,040145099 ± 0,000065092 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
91 ± 26 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)50%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)50%
SF (spontaneous fission)7%

230Pu

masa-zenbaki230
neutron number136
atomo-masa erlatibo
230,039648313 ± 0,000015514 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
105 ± 10 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

231Pu

masa-zenbaki231
neutron number137
atomo-masa erlatibo
231,041125946 ± 0,000023683 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,6 ± 0,5 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)13%

232Pu

masa-zenbaki232
neutron number138
atomo-masa erlatibo
232,041182133 ± 0,000018126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
33,7 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)
α (α emission)20%

233Pu

masa-zenbaki233
neutron number139
atomo-masa erlatibo
233,042997411 ± 0,000058162 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
20,9 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.12%

234Pu

masa-zenbaki234
neutron number140
atomo-masa erlatibo
234,043317489 ± 0,000007298 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,8 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)94%
α (α emission)6%

235Pu

masa-zenbaki235
neutron number141
atomo-masa erlatibo
235,045284609 ± 0,00002203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
25,3 ± 0,5 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9972%
α (α emission)0.0028%

236Pu

masa-zenbaki236
neutron number142
atomo-masa erlatibo
236,046056661 ± 0,000001942 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,858 ± 0,008 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
28Mg2%
+ (double β+ decay)

237Pu

masa-zenbaki237
neutron number143
atomo-masa erlatibo
237,048407888 ± 0,000001821 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
45,64 ± 0,04 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)99.9958%
α (α emission)0.0042%

238Pu

masa-zenbaki238
neutron number144
atomo-masa erlatibo
238,049558175 ± 0,000001221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
87,7 ± 0,1 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
32Si1.4%
30Mg6%

239Pu

masa-zenbaki239
neutron number145
atomo-masa erlatibo
239,052161596 ± 0,000001194 Da
g-factor
0,404 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
24,11 ± 0,03 ky
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)3.1%

240Pu

masa-zenbaki240
neutron number146
atomo-masa erlatibo
240,05381174 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,561 ± 0,007 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.796%
34Si1.3%

241Pu

masa-zenbaki241
neutron number147
atomo-masa erlatibo
241,056849651 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
−0,2712 ± 0,0056
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,329 ± 0,029 y
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
6
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)0.00245%
SF (spontaneous fission)2.4%

242Pu

masa-zenbaki242
neutron number148
atomo-masa erlatibo
242,058740979 ± 0,000001336 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
375 ± 2 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.51%

243Pu

masa-zenbaki243
neutron number149
atomo-masa erlatibo
243,062002068 ± 0,000002728 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,9553 ± 0,0025 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

244Pu

masa-zenbaki244
neutron number150
atomo-masa erlatibo
244,064204401 ± 0,000002518 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
81,3 ± 0,3 My
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.877%
SF (spontaneous fission)0.123%
(double β decay)7.3%

245Pu

masa-zenbaki245
neutron number151
atomo-masa erlatibo
245,067824554 ± 0,000014621 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,5 ± 0,1 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

246Pu

masa-zenbaki246
neutron number152
atomo-masa erlatibo
246,070204172 ± 0,000016087 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,84 ± 0,02 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

247Pu

masa-zenbaki247
neutron number153
atomo-masa erlatibo
247,0743 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,27 ± 0,23 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
Plutonium ring

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaG.T.Seaborg, J.W.Kennedy, E.M.McMillan, A.C.Wohl
aurkikuntzaren lekuaUnited States
aurkikuntza-data1940
etimologiaNamed for the planet Pluto.
pronunciationploo-TOE-ni-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (ozeano)
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0 %
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants