Plutonij

Plutonij (Pu)

radioactive chemical element with the atomic number of 94 and symbol Pu
Atomski broj94
Relativna atomska masa244
Maseni broj221
Skupina
Perioda7
Blokf
proton94 p+
neutron127 n0
elektron94 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Pu (Plutonij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
175 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
172 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
100 pm
Crystal Radius
114 pm
Van der Waals radius
243 pm
gustoća
19,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Plutonij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
ionization energy of Pu (Plutonij)
Toplina isparivanja
343,5 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
2,8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
345 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Pu (Plutonij)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Pu (Plutonij)
electron configuration[Rn] 5f6 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p6 5f6 7s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Pu (Plutonij)
Orbital Diagram of Pu (Plutonij)
Oksidacijski broj2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Elektronegativnost
1.3
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
3.501,15 K
Talište
913,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearancesilvery white, tarnishing to dark gray in air
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
Toplinsko istezanje
molar heat capacity
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
0,67 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,0000015 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,0000000317 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,000000007735 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,0006282
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaJednostavna monoklinska (MCL)
lattice constant
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.776571, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
shear modulus
43 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
96 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,21
brzina zvuka
2.260 m/s
classification
KategorijaAktinoidi, Actinides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number38
Mendeleev Number24
Pettifor Number43
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsynthetic

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
132 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
1,7
Neutron Mass Absorption
Kvantni brojevi7F0
space group11 (P121/m1)

Isotopes of Plutonium

Stabilni izotopi0
Nestabilni izotopi27
Natural Isotopes0

221Pu

Maseni broj221
neutron number127
Relativna atomska masa
221,038572 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

222Pu

Maseni broj222
neutron number128
Relativna atomska masa
222,037638 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

223Pu

Maseni broj223
neutron number129
Relativna atomska masa
223,038777 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

224Pu

Maseni broj224
neutron number130
Relativna atomska masa
224,037875 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

225Pu

Maseni broj225
neutron number131
Relativna atomska masa
225,03897 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

226Pu

Maseni broj226
neutron number132
Relativna atomska masa
226,03825 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

227Pu

Maseni broj227
neutron number133
Relativna atomska masa
227,039474 ± 0,000107 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

228Pu

Maseni broj228
neutron number134
Relativna atomska masa
228,038763325 ± 0,000025069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,1 ± 1,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

229Pu

Maseni broj229
neutron number135
Relativna atomska masa
229,040145099 ± 0,000065092 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
91 ± 26 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)50%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)50%
SF (spontaneous fission)7%

230Pu

Maseni broj230
neutron number136
Relativna atomska masa
230,039648313 ± 0,000015514 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
105 ± 10 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1990
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

231Pu

Maseni broj231
neutron number137
Relativna atomska masa
231,041125946 ± 0,000023683 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,6 ± 0,5 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1999
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)13%

232Pu

Maseni broj232
neutron number138
Relativna atomska masa
232,041182133 ± 0,000018126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
33,7 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1973
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)
α (α emission)20%

233Pu

Maseni broj233
neutron number139
Relativna atomska masa
233,042997411 ± 0,000058162 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20,9 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1957
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.12%

234Pu

Maseni broj234
neutron number140
Relativna atomska masa
234,043317489 ± 0,000007298 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,8 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)94%
α (α emission)6%

235Pu

Maseni broj235
neutron number141
Relativna atomska masa
235,045284609 ± 0,00002203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25,3 ± 0,5 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1957
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9972%
α (α emission)0.0028%

236Pu

Maseni broj236
neutron number142
Relativna atomska masa
236,046056661 ± 0,000001942 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,858 ± 0,008 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
28Mg2%
+ (double β+ decay)

237Pu

Maseni broj237
neutron number143
Relativna atomska masa
237,048407888 ± 0,000001821 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
45,64 ± 0,04 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)99.9958%
α (α emission)0.0042%

238Pu

Maseni broj238
neutron number144
Relativna atomska masa
238,049558175 ± 0,000001221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
87,7 ± 0,1 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
32Si1.4%
30Mg6%

239Pu

Maseni broj239
neutron number145
Relativna atomska masa
239,052161596 ± 0,000001194 Da
g-factor
0,404 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
24,11 ± 0,03 ky
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1946
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)3.1%

240Pu

Maseni broj240
neutron number146
Relativna atomska masa
240,05381174 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,561 ± 0,007 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.796%
34Si1.3%

241Pu

Maseni broj241
neutron number147
Relativna atomska masa
241,056849651 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
−0,2712 ± 0,0056
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,329 ± 0,029 y
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
6
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)0.00245%
SF (spontaneous fission)2.4%

242Pu

Maseni broj242
neutron number148
Relativna atomska masa
242,058740979 ± 0,000001336 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
375 ± 2 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1950
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.51%

243Pu

Maseni broj243
neutron number149
Relativna atomska masa
243,062002068 ± 0,000002728 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,9553 ± 0,0025 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

244Pu

Maseni broj244
neutron number150
Relativna atomska masa
244,064204401 ± 0,000002518 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
81,3 ± 0,3 My
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1954
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.877%
SF (spontaneous fission)0.123%
(double β decay)7.3%

245Pu

Maseni broj245
neutron number151
Relativna atomska masa
245,067824554 ± 0,000014621 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,5 ± 0,1 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

246Pu

Maseni broj246
neutron number152
Relativna atomska masa
246,070204172 ± 0,000016087 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,84 ± 0,02 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

247Pu

Maseni broj247
neutron number153
Relativna atomska masa
247,0743 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,27 ± 0,23 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1983
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
Plutonium ring

povijest

otkrio/izumioG.T.Seaborg, J.W.Kennedy, E.M.McMillan, A.C.Wohl
location of discoveryUnited States
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1940
EtimologijaNamed for the planet Pluto.
pronunciationploo-TOE-ni-em (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
natural abundance (ocean)
natural abundance (tijelo)
0 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants