Plutonyûm

Plutonyûm (Pu)

radioactive chemical element with the atomic number of 94 and symbol Pu
Atomic Number94
Atomic Weight244
Hejmara baristeyî221
Group
Period7
Blockf
Proton94 p+
Notron127 n0
Kareva94 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pu (Plutonyûm)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
172 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
100 pm
Crystal Radius
114 pm
Van der Waals radius
243 pm
density
19,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Plutonyûm0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Pu (Plutonyûm)
enthalpy of vaporization
343,5 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
2,8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
345 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
Bohr model: Pu (Plutonyûm)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Pu (Plutonyûm)
electron configuration[Rn] 5f6 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p6 5f6 7s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Pu (Plutonyûm)
Orbital Diagram of Pu (Plutonyûm)
oxidation number2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
electronegativity
1.3
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.501,15 K
Melting Point
913,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery white, tarnishing to dark gray in air
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
0,67 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000015 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000317 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000007735 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0006282
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureSimple Monoclinic (MCL)
lattice constant
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.776571, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
96 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
Leza dengê
2.260 m/s
classification
CategoryActinides, Actinides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number38
Mendeleev Number24
Pettifor Number43
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsynthetic

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
132 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,7
Neutron Mass Absorption
quantum number7F0
space group11 (P121/m1)

Isotopes of Plutonium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes27
Natural Isotopes0

221Pu

Hejmara baristeyî221
neutron number127
Giraniya atomê
221,038572 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

222Pu

Hejmara baristeyî222
neutron number128
Giraniya atomê
222,037638 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

223Pu

Hejmara baristeyî223
neutron number129
Giraniya atomê
223,038777 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

224Pu

Hejmara baristeyî224
neutron number130
Giraniya atomê
224,037875 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

225Pu

Hejmara baristeyî225
neutron number131
Giraniya atomê
225,03897 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

226Pu

Hejmara baristeyî226
neutron number132
Giraniya atomê
226,03825 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

227Pu

Hejmara baristeyî227
neutron number133
Giraniya atomê
227,039474 ± 0,000107 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

228Pu

Hejmara baristeyî228
neutron number134
Giraniya atomê
228,038763325 ± 0,000025069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,1 ± 1,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

229Pu

Hejmara baristeyî229
neutron number135
Giraniya atomê
229,040145099 ± 0,000065092 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
91 ± 26 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)50%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)50%
SF (spontaneous fission)7%

230Pu

Hejmara baristeyî230
neutron number136
Giraniya atomê
230,039648313 ± 0,000015514 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
105 ± 10 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

231Pu

Hejmara baristeyî231
neutron number137
Giraniya atomê
231,041125946 ± 0,000023683 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,6 ± 0,5 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)13%

232Pu

Hejmara baristeyî232
neutron number138
Giraniya atomê
232,041182133 ± 0,000018126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33,7 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)
α (α emission)20%

233Pu

Hejmara baristeyî233
neutron number139
Giraniya atomê
233,042997411 ± 0,000058162 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,9 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.12%

234Pu

Hejmara baristeyî234
neutron number140
Giraniya atomê
234,043317489 ± 0,000007298 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,8 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)94%
α (α emission)6%

235Pu

Hejmara baristeyî235
neutron number141
Giraniya atomê
235,045284609 ± 0,00002203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,3 ± 0,5 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9972%
α (α emission)0.0028%

236Pu

Hejmara baristeyî236
neutron number142
Giraniya atomê
236,046056661 ± 0,000001942 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,858 ± 0,008 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
28Mg2%
+ (double β+ decay)

237Pu

Hejmara baristeyî237
neutron number143
Giraniya atomê
237,048407888 ± 0,000001821 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45,64 ± 0,04 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)99.9958%
α (α emission)0.0042%

238Pu

Hejmara baristeyî238
neutron number144
Giraniya atomê
238,049558175 ± 0,000001221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
87,7 ± 0,1 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
32Si1.4%
30Mg6%

239Pu

Hejmara baristeyî239
neutron number145
Giraniya atomê
239,052161596 ± 0,000001194 Da
g-factor
0,404 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24,11 ± 0,03 ky
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)3.1%

240Pu

Hejmara baristeyî240
neutron number146
Giraniya atomê
240,05381174 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,561 ± 0,007 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.796%
34Si1.3%

241Pu

Hejmara baristeyî241
neutron number147
Giraniya atomê
241,056849651 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
-0,2712 ± 0,0056
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,329 ± 0,029 y
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
6
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)0.00245%
SF (spontaneous fission)2.4%

242Pu

Hejmara baristeyî242
neutron number148
Giraniya atomê
242,058740979 ± 0,000001336 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
375 ± 2 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.51%

243Pu

Hejmara baristeyî243
neutron number149
Giraniya atomê
243,062002068 ± 0,000002728 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,9553 ± 0,0025 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

244Pu

Hejmara baristeyî244
neutron number150
Giraniya atomê
244,064204401 ± 0,000002518 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
81,3 ± 0,3 My
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.877%
SF (spontaneous fission)0.123%
(double β decay)7.3%

245Pu

Hejmara baristeyî245
neutron number151
Giraniya atomê
245,067824554 ± 0,000014621 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,5 ± 0,1 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

246Pu

Hejmara baristeyî246
neutron number152
Giraniya atomê
246,070204172 ± 0,000016087 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,84 ± 0,02 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

247Pu

Hejmara baristeyî247
neutron number153
Giraniya atomê
247,0743 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,27 ± 0,23 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
Plutonium ring

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerG.T.Seaborg, J.W.Kennedy, E.M.McMillan, A.C.Wohl
location of discoveryUnited States
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1940
BêjenasîNamed for the planet Pluto.
pronunciationploo-TOE-ni-em (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
natural abundance (human body)
0 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0 %
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants