Plutonium

Plutonium (Pu)

radioactive chemical element with the atomic number of 94 and symbol Pu
Atomic Number94
Atomic Weight244
Nombor jisim221
Group
Period7
Blockf
proton94 p+
neutron127 n0
Elektron94 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Pu (Plutonium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
175 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
172 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
100 pm
Crystal Radius
114 pm
Jejari van der Waals
243 pm
ketumpatan
19.7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Plutonium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
ionization energy of Pu (Plutonium)
Entalpi pengewapan
343.5 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
2.8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
345 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
Model Bohr: Pu (Plutonium)
Elektron valens2
Teori ion Lewis: Pu (Plutonium)
tatarajah elektron[Rn] 5f6 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p6 5f6 7s2
Enhanced Model Bohr of Pu (Plutonium)
Orbital Diagram of Pu (Plutonium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Keelektronegatifan
1.3
Electrophilicity Index
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,501.15 K
Melting Point
913.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery white, tarnishing to dark gray in air
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
0.67 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.0000015 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000317 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000007735 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0006282
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureSimple Monoclinic (MCL)
lattice constant
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.776571, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
Modulus pukal
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
96 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.21
Kelajuan bunyi
2,260 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryActinides, Actinides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number38
Mendeleev Number24
Pettifor Number43
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsynthetic

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
132 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1.7
Neutron Mass Absorption
Nombor kuantum7F0
space group11 (P121/m1)

Isotopes of Plutonium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes27
Natural Isotopes0

221Pu

Nombor jisim221
nombor neutron127
jisim atom relatif
221.038572 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

222Pu

Nombor jisim222
nombor neutron128
jisim atom relatif
222.037638 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

223Pu

Nombor jisim223
nombor neutron129
jisim atom relatif
223.038777 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

224Pu

Nombor jisim224
nombor neutron130
jisim atom relatif
224.037875 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

225Pu

Nombor jisim225
nombor neutron131
jisim atom relatif
225.03897 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

226Pu

Nombor jisim226
nombor neutron132
jisim atom relatif
226.03825 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

227Pu

Nombor jisim227
nombor neutron133
jisim atom relatif
227.039474 ± 0.000107 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)

228Pu

Nombor jisim228
nombor neutron134
jisim atom relatif
228.038763325 ± 0.000025069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.1 ± 1.3 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

229Pu

Nombor jisim229
nombor neutron135
jisim atom relatif
229.040145099 ± 0.000065092 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
91 ± 26 s
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)50%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)50%
SF (spontaneous fission)7%

230Pu

Nombor jisim230
nombor neutron136
jisim atom relatif
230.039648313 ± 0.000015514 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
105 ± 10 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1990
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

231Pu

Nombor jisim231
nombor neutron137
jisim atom relatif
231.041125946 ± 0.000023683 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.6 ± 0.5 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1999
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)13%

232Pu

Nombor jisim232
nombor neutron138
jisim atom relatif
232.041182133 ± 0.000018126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
33.7 ± 0.5 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1973
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)
α (α emission)20%

233Pu

Nombor jisim233
nombor neutron139
jisim atom relatif
233.042997411 ± 0.000058162 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
20.9 ± 0.4 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1957
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.12%

234Pu

Nombor jisim234
nombor neutron140
jisim atom relatif
234.043317489 ± 0.000007298 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.8 ± 0.1 h
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)94%
α (α emission)6%

235Pu

Nombor jisim235
nombor neutron141
jisim atom relatif
235.045284609 ± 0.00002203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
25.3 ± 0.5 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1957
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9972%
α (α emission)0.0028%

236Pu

Nombor jisim236
nombor neutron142
jisim atom relatif
236.046056661 ± 0.000001942 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.858 ± 0.008 y
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
28Mg2%
+ (double β+ decay)

237Pu

Nombor jisim237
nombor neutron143
jisim atom relatif
237.048407888 ± 0.000001821 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
45.64 ± 0.04 d
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1949
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)99.9958%
α (α emission)0.0042%

238Pu

Nombor jisim238
nombor neutron144
jisim atom relatif
238.049558175 ± 0.000001221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
87.7 ± 0.1 y
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
32Si1.4%
30Mg6%

239Pu

Nombor jisim239
nombor neutron145
jisim atom relatif
239.052161596 ± 0.000001194 Da
g-factor
0.404 ± 0.008
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
24.11 ± 0.03 ky
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1946
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)3.1%

240Pu

Nombor jisim240
nombor neutron146
jisim atom relatif
240.05381174 ± 0.000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.561 ± 0.007 ky
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.796%
34Si1.3%

241Pu

Nombor jisim241
nombor neutron147
jisim atom relatif
241.056849651 ± 0.000001186 Da
g-factor
-0.2712 ± 0.0056
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
14.329 ± 0.029 y
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
6
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)0.00245%
SF (spontaneous fission)2.4%

242Pu

Nombor jisim242
nombor neutron148
jisim atom relatif
242.058740979 ± 0.000001336 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
375 ± 2 ky
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1950
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.51%

243Pu

Nombor jisim243
nombor neutron149
jisim atom relatif
243.062002068 ± 0.000002728 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.9553 ± 0.0025 h
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

244Pu

Nombor jisim244
nombor neutron150
jisim atom relatif
244.064204401 ± 0.000002518 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
81.3 ± 0.3 My
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1954
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)99.877%
SF (spontaneous fission)0.123%
(double β decay)7.3%

245Pu

Nombor jisim245
nombor neutron151
jisim atom relatif
245.067824554 ± 0.000014621 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
10.5 ± 0.1 h
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1955
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

246Pu

Nombor jisim246
nombor neutron152
jisim atom relatif
246.070204172 ± 0.000016087 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
10.84 ± 0.02 d
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1955
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

247Pu

Nombor jisim247
nombor neutron153
jisim atom relatif
247.0743 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.27 ± 0.23 d
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1983
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
Plutonium ring

sejarah

penemu atau perekaG.T.Seaborg, J.W.Kennedy, E.M.McMillan, A.C.Wohl
tempat penemuanUnited States
tarikh penemuan1940
EtimologiNamed for the planet Pluto.
sebutanploo-TOE-ni-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (lautan)
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
0 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0 %
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants