Plutonium

Plutonium (Pu)

radioactive chemical element with the atomic number of 94 and symbol Pu
Atomic Number94
Atomic Weight244
Numri i masës221
Group
Period7
Blockf
protoni94 p+
neutroni127 n0
elektroni94 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pu (Plutonium)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
172 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
100 pm
Crystal Radius
114 pm
Van der Waals radius
243 pm
density
19,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Plutonium0255075100125150175200225250pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Pu (Plutonium)
enthalpy of vaporization
343,5 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
2,8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
345 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
Bohr model: Pu (Plutonium)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Pu (Plutonium)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Rn] 5f6 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p6 5f6 7s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Pu (Plutonium)
Orbital Diagram of Pu (Plutonium)
oxidation number2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Elektronegativiteti
1.3
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 501,15 K
Melting Point
913,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Silver
appearancesilvery white, tarnishing to dark gray in air
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
0,67 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000015 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000317 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000007735 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0006282
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureSimple Monoclinic (MCL)
lattice constant
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.776571, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
96 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
Shpejtësia e zërit
2 260 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryActinides, Actinides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number38
Mendeleev Number24
Pettifor Number43
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsynthetic

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
132 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,7
Neutron Mass Absorption
numër kuantik7F0
space group11 (P121/m1)

Isotopes of Plutonium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes27
Natural Isotopes0

221Pu

Numri i masës221
numri i neutroneve127
relative atomic mass
221,038572 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

222Pu

Numri i masës222
numri i neutroneve128
relative atomic mass
222,037638 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

223Pu

Numri i masës223
numri i neutroneve129
relative atomic mass
223,038777 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

224Pu

Numri i masës224
numri i neutroneve130
relative atomic mass
224,037875 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

225Pu

Numri i masës225
numri i neutroneve131
relative atomic mass
225,03897 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

226Pu

Numri i masës226
numri i neutroneve132
relative atomic mass
226,03825 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

227Pu

Numri i masës227
numri i neutroneve133
relative atomic mass
227,039474 ± 0,000107 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)

228Pu

Numri i masës228
numri i neutroneve134
relative atomic mass
228,038763325 ± 0,000025069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,1 ± 1,3 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

229Pu

Numri i masës229
numri i neutroneve135
relative atomic mass
229,040145099 ± 0,000065092 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
91 ± 26 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)50%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)50%
SF (spontaneous fission)7%

230Pu

Numri i masës230
numri i neutroneve136
relative atomic mass
230,039648313 ± 0,000015514 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
105 ± 10 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1990
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

231Pu

Numri i masës231
numri i neutroneve137
relative atomic mass
231,041125946 ± 0,000023683 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,6 ± 0,5 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1999
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)13%

232Pu

Numri i masës232
numri i neutroneve138
relative atomic mass
232,041182133 ± 0,000018126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33,7 ± 0,5 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1973
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)
α (α emission)20%

233Pu

Numri i masës233
numri i neutroneve139
relative atomic mass
233,042997411 ± 0,000058162 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,9 ± 0,4 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.12%

234Pu

Numri i masës234
numri i neutroneve140
relative atomic mass
234,043317489 ± 0,000007298 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,8 ± 0,1 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1949
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)94%
α (α emission)6%

235Pu

Numri i masës235
numri i neutroneve141
relative atomic mass
235,045284609 ± 0,00002203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,3 ± 0,5 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9972%
α (α emission)0.0028%

236Pu

Numri i masës236
numri i neutroneve142
relative atomic mass
236,046056661 ± 0,000001942 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,858 ± 0,008 y
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1949
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
28Mg2%
+ (double β+ decay)

237Pu

Numri i masës237
numri i neutroneve143
relative atomic mass
237,048407888 ± 0,000001821 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45,64 ± 0,04 d
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1949
parity-

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)99.9958%
α (α emission)0.0042%

238Pu

Numri i masës238
numri i neutroneve144
relative atomic mass
238,049558175 ± 0,000001221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
87,7 ± 0,1 y
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1949
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
32Si1.4%
30Mg6%

239Pu

Numri i masës239
numri i neutroneve145
relative atomic mass
239,052161596 ± 0,000001194 Da
g-factor
0,404 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24,11 ± 0,03 ky
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1946
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)3.1%

240Pu

Numri i masës240
numri i neutroneve146
relative atomic mass
240,05381174 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,561 ± 0,007 ky
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1949
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.796%
34Si1.3%

241Pu

Numri i masës241
numri i neutroneve147
relative atomic mass
241,056849651 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
-0,2712 ± 0,0056
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,329 ± 0,029 y
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
6
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1949
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)0.00245%
SF (spontaneous fission)2.4%

242Pu

Numri i masës242
numri i neutroneve148
relative atomic mass
242,058740979 ± 0,000001336 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
375 ± 2 ky
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.51%

243Pu

Numri i masës243
numri i neutroneve149
relative atomic mass
243,062002068 ± 0,000002728 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,9553 ± 0,0025 h
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

244Pu

Numri i masës244
numri i neutroneve150
relative atomic mass
244,064204401 ± 0,000002518 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
81,3 ± 0,3 My
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1954
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)99.877%
SF (spontaneous fission)0.123%
(double β decay)7.3%

245Pu

Numri i masës245
numri i neutroneve151
relative atomic mass
245,067824554 ± 0,000014621 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,5 ± 0,1 h
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

246Pu

Numri i masës246
numri i neutroneve152
relative atomic mass
246,070204172 ± 0,000016087 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,84 ± 0,02 d
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

247Pu

Numri i masës247
numri i neutroneve153
relative atomic mass
247,0743 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,27 ± 0,23 d
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
Plutonium ring

historia

zbuluesG.T.Seaborg, J.W.Kennedy, E.M.McMillan, A.C.Wohl
vendndodhja e zbulimitUnited States
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
EtimologjiaNamed for the planet Pluto.
pronunciationploo-TOE-ni-em (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Oqeani)
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0 %
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants