Плутоний

Плутоний (Pu)

radioactive chemical element with the atomic number of 94 and symbol Pu
Atomic Number94
Atomic Weight244
Адади массавӣ221
Group
Period7
Blockf
proton94 p+
neutron127 n0
electron94 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pu (Плутоний)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
172 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
100 pm
Crystal Radius
114 pm
Van der Waals radius
243 pm
зичӣ
19,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Плутоний0255075100125150175200225250pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Pu (Плутоний)
enthalpy of vaporization
343,5 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
2,8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
345 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
Bohr model: Pu (Плутоний)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Pu (Плутоний)
electron configuration[Rn] 5f6 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p6 5f6 7s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Pu (Плутоний)
Orbital Diagram of Pu (Плутоний)
oxidation number2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
electronegativity
1.3
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 501,15 K
Melting Point
913,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Silver
appearancesilvery white, tarnishing to dark gray in air
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
0,67 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000015 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
навъparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000317 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000007735 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0006282
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureSimple Monoclinic (MCL)
lattice constant
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.776571, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
96 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
speed of sound
2 260 m/s
classification
CategoryActinides, Actinides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number38
Mendeleev Number24
Pettifor Number43
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsynthetic

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
132 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,7
Neutron Mass Absorption
ададҳои квантӣ7F0
space group11 (P121/m1)

Isotopes of Plutonium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes27
Natural Isotopes0

221Pu

Адади массавӣ221
neutron number127
relative atomic mass
221,038572 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

222Pu

Адади массавӣ222
neutron number128
relative atomic mass
222,037638 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

223Pu

Адади массавӣ223
neutron number129
relative atomic mass
223,038777 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

224Pu

Адади массавӣ224
neutron number130
relative atomic mass
224,037875 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

225Pu

Адади массавӣ225
neutron number131
relative atomic mass
225,03897 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

226Pu

Адади массавӣ226
neutron number132
relative atomic mass
226,03825 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
SF (spontaneous fission)

227Pu

Адади массавӣ227
neutron number133
relative atomic mass
227,039474 ± 0,000107 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

228Pu

Адади массавӣ228
neutron number134
relative atomic mass
228,038763325 ± 0,000025069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,1 ± 1,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

229Pu

Адади массавӣ229
neutron number135
relative atomic mass
229,040145099 ± 0,000065092 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
91 ± 26 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)50%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)50%
SF (spontaneous fission)7%

230Pu

Адади массавӣ230
neutron number136
relative atomic mass
230,039648313 ± 0,000015514 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
105 ± 10 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

231Pu

Адади массавӣ231
neutron number137
relative atomic mass
231,041125946 ± 0,000023683 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,6 ± 0,5 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)13%

232Pu

Адади массавӣ232
neutron number138
relative atomic mass
232,041182133 ± 0,000018126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33,7 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)
α (α emission)20%

233Pu

Адади массавӣ233
neutron number139
relative atomic mass
233,042997411 ± 0,000058162 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,9 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.12%

234Pu

Адади массавӣ234
neutron number140
relative atomic mass
234,043317489 ± 0,000007298 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,8 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)94%
α (α emission)6%

235Pu

Адади массавӣ235
neutron number141
relative atomic mass
235,045284609 ± 0,00002203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,3 ± 0,5 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9972%
α (α emission)0.0028%

236Pu

Адади массавӣ236
neutron number142
relative atomic mass
236,046056661 ± 0,000001942 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,858 ± 0,008 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
28Mg2%
+ (double β+ decay)

237Pu

Адади массавӣ237
neutron number143
relative atomic mass
237,048407888 ± 0,000001821 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45,64 ± 0,04 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)99.9958%
α (α emission)0.0042%

238Pu

Адади массавӣ238
neutron number144
relative atomic mass
238,049558175 ± 0,000001221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
87,7 ± 0,1 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.9%
32Si1.4%
30Mg6%

239Pu

Адади массавӣ239
neutron number145
relative atomic mass
239,052161596 ± 0,000001194 Da
g-factor
0,404 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24,11 ± 0,03 ky
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)3.1%

240Pu

Адади массавӣ240
neutron number146
relative atomic mass
240,05381174 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,561 ± 0,007 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.796%
34Si1.3%

241Pu

Адади массавӣ241
neutron number147
relative atomic mass
241,056849651 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
-0,2712 ± 0,0056
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,329 ± 0,029 y
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
6
таърихи кашф1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)0.00245%
SF (spontaneous fission)2.4%

242Pu

Адади массавӣ242
neutron number148
relative atomic mass
242,058740979 ± 0,000001336 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
375 ± 2 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)5.51%

243Pu

Адади массавӣ243
neutron number149
relative atomic mass
243,062002068 ± 0,000002728 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,9553 ± 0,0025 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

244Pu

Адади массавӣ244
neutron number150
relative atomic mass
244,064204401 ± 0,000002518 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
81,3 ± 0,3 My
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.877%
SF (spontaneous fission)0.123%
(double β decay)7.3%

245Pu

Адади массавӣ245
neutron number151
relative atomic mass
245,067824554 ± 0,000014621 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,5 ± 0,1 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

246Pu

Адади массавӣ246
neutron number152
relative atomic mass
246,070204172 ± 0,000016087 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,84 ± 0,02 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

247Pu

Адади массавӣ247
neutron number153
relative atomic mass
247,0743 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,27 ± 0,23 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
Plutonium ring

таърих

кошифG.T.Seaborg, J.W.Kennedy, E.M.McMillan, A.C.Wohl
макони кашфUnited States
таърихи кашф1940
РешашиносӣNamed for the planet Pluto.
pronunciationploo-TOE-ni-em (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
natural abundance (human body)
0 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0 %
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants