Torioa

Torioa (Th)

90 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number90
Atomic Weight232.0377
masa-zenbaki232
Group
Period7
Blockf
protoi90 p+
neutroi142 n0
elektroi90 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Th (Torioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
180 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
175 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
94 pm
Crystal Radius
108 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
245 pm
dentsitatea
11,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Torioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
ionizazio energia of Th (Torioa)
Irakite-entalpia
513,7 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
16,11 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
602 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 10, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Th (Torioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Th (Torioa)
electron configuration[Rn] 6d2 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p6 6d2 7s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Th (Torioa)
Orbital Diagram of Th (Torioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-1, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatibotasun
1.3
Electrophilicity Index
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
5.058,15 K
Melting Point
2.023,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery, often with black tarnish
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,000011 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,32 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,118 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
6,7 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000015 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
1,38 K
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000000072 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,0000000017 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,000084
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
5,08 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
3 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
54 GPa
Zizaila modulua
31 GPa
Youngen modulu
79 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,27
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.490 m/s
classification
CategoryActinides, Actinides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number34
Mendeleev Number16
Pettifor Number47
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
217 ± 54 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
7,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,001
zenbaki kuantiko3F2
talde espazial225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Thorium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes32
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition23299.98%23299.98%2300.02%2300.02%

208Th

masa-zenbaki208
neutron number118
atomo-masa erlatibo
208,017915348 ± 0,000034208 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,4 ± 1,2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

209Th

masa-zenbaki209
neutron number119
atomo-masa erlatibo
209,017601 ± 0,000111 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

210Th

masa-zenbaki210
neutron number120
atomo-masa erlatibo
210,015093515 ± 0,000020299 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
16 ± 3,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

211Th

masa-zenbaki211
neutron number121
atomo-masa erlatibo
211,014896923 ± 0,000092399 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
48 ± 20 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1995
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

212Th

masa-zenbaki212
neutron number122
atomo-masa erlatibo
212,01300157 ± 0,000010852 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
31,7 ± 1,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

213Th

masa-zenbaki213
neutron number123
atomo-masa erlatibo
213,01301147 ± 0,000009895 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
144 ± 21 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

214Th

masa-zenbaki214
neutron number124
atomo-masa erlatibo
214,01148148 ± 0,000011445 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
87 ± 10 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

215Th

masa-zenbaki215
neutron number125
atomo-masa erlatibo
215,01172464 ± 0,0000068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,35 ± 0,14 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

216Th

masa-zenbaki216
neutron number126
atomo-masa erlatibo
216,011055933 ± 0,00001192 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
26,28 ± 0,16 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

217Th

masa-zenbaki217
neutron number127
atomo-masa erlatibo
217,013103443 ± 0,000011394 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
248 ± 4 us
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

218Th

masa-zenbaki218
neutron number128
atomo-masa erlatibo
218,013276248 ± 0,000011289 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
122 ± 5 ns
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

219Th

masa-zenbaki219
neutron number129
atomo-masa erlatibo
219,015526432 ± 0,000060611 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,023 ± 0,018 us
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

220Th

masa-zenbaki220
neutron number130
atomo-masa erlatibo
220,015769866 ± 0,000014693 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,2 ± 0,3 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
ϵ (electron capture)

221Th

masa-zenbaki221
neutron number131
atomo-masa erlatibo
221,018185757 ± 0,000008582 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,75 ± 0,02 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

222Th

masa-zenbaki222
neutron number132
atomo-masa erlatibo
222,01846822 ± 0,000010966 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,24 ± 0,03 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
ϵ (electron capture)

223Th

masa-zenbaki223
neutron number133
atomo-masa erlatibo
223,020811083 ± 0,000008527 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
600 ± 20 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1952
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

224Th

masa-zenbaki224
neutron number134
atomo-masa erlatibo
224,021466137 ± 0,00001031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,04 ± 0,02 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

225Th

masa-zenbaki225
neutron number135
atomo-masa erlatibo
225,023950975 ± 0,000005467 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,75 ± 0,04 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)90%
ϵ (electron capture)

226Th

masa-zenbaki226
neutron number136
atomo-masa erlatibo
226,024903699 ± 0,00000481 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
30,7 ± 0,03 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
18O3.2%

227Th

masa-zenbaki227
neutron number137
atomo-masa erlatibo
227,027702546 ± 0,000002241 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
18,693 ± 0,004 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1906
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

228Th

masa-zenbaki228
neutron number138
atomo-masa erlatibo
228,028739741 ± 0,000001938 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,9125 ± 0,0007 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1905
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
20O1.13%

229Th

masa-zenbaki229
neutron number139
atomo-masa erlatibo
229,031761357 ± 0,000002581 Da
g-factor
0,184 ± 0,016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,916 ± 0,017 ky
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,11 ± 0,06
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

230Th

masa-zenbaki230
neutron number140
atomo-masa erlatibo
230,033132267 ± 0,000001297 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,02 ± 0,02
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
75,4 ± 0,3 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1907
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)4%
24Ne (heavy cluster emission)5.8%

231Th

masa-zenbaki231
neutron number141
atomo-masa erlatibo
231,036302764 ± 0,000001306 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
25,52 ± 0,01 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1911
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

232Th

masa-zenbaki232
neutron number142
atomo-masa erlatibo
232,038053606 ± 0,000001525 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
99,98 ± 0,02
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14 ± 0,1 Gy
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1898
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
SF (spontaneous fission)1.1%
26Ne2.78%
(double β decay)

233Th

masa-zenbaki233
neutron number143
atomo-masa erlatibo
233,041580126 ± 0,000001528 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,83 ± 0,04 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

234Th

masa-zenbaki234
neutron number144
atomo-masa erlatibo
234,043599801 ± 0,000002779 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
24,107 ± 0,024 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1900
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)

235Th

masa-zenbaki235
neutron number145
atomo-masa erlatibo
235,047255 ± 0,000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,2 ± 0,1 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

236Th

masa-zenbaki236
neutron number146
atomo-masa erlatibo
236,049657 ± 0,000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
37,3 ± 1,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

237Th

masa-zenbaki237
neutron number147
atomo-masa erlatibo
237,053629 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,8 ± 0,5 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

238Th

masa-zenbaki238
neutron number148
atomo-masa erlatibo
238,056388 ± 0,000304 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,4 ± 2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

239Th

masa-zenbaki239
neutron number149
atomo-masa erlatibo
239,060655 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Thorium sample 0.1g

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaJöns Berzelius
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSweden
aurkikuntza-data1828
etimologiaNamed for Thor, Norse god of thunder.
pronunciationTHOR-i-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
9,6 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,000001 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,0000039 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,00000003 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants