Vanadij[um]

Vanadij[um] (V)

hemijski element sa simbolom V i atomskim brojem 23
Atomic Number23
Atomic Weight50.9415
Maseni broj51
Group5
Period4
Blockd
Proton23 p+
Neutron28 n0
Elektron23 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of V (Vanadij[um])

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
135 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
134 pm
Metallic Radius
122 pm
Ionski radijus
79 pm
Crystal Radius
93 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
207 pm
gustoća
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Vanadij[um]0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
859,4 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,746187 eV/particle
ionization energy of V (Vanadij[um])
Toplota isparavanja
460 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
17,5 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
515,5 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 11, 2
Bohrov model atoma: V (Vanadij[um])
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: V (Vanadij[um])
electron configuration[Ar] 3d3 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d3 4s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of V (Vanadij[um])
Orbital Diagram of V (Vanadij[um])
oksidacijsko stanje-3, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativnost
1.63
Electrophilicity Index
1,0623004980594741 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.680,15 K
Melting Point
2.183,15 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearanceblue-silver-grey metal
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
30,7 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000084 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,89 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,489 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
5 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000002 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
5,4 K
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000628 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000003199 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0003837
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
3,02 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
7 MPa
bulk modulus
160 GPa
shear modulus
47 GPa
Young's modulus
128 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,37
Brzina zvuka
4.560 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVA
IUPAC GroupVB
Glawe Number54
Mendeleev Number47
Pettifor Number54
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
836,8 kJ/mol
polarizability
87 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
832 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
5,06
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0033
Kvantni brojevi4F3/2
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Vanadium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes28
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition5199.75%5199.75%500.25%500.25%

39V

Maseni broj39
broj neutrona16
relative atomic mass
39,02423 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

40V

Maseni broj40
broj neutrona17
relative atomic mass
40,013387 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

41V

Maseni broj41
broj neutrona18
relative atomic mass
41,000333 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

42V

Maseni broj42
broj neutrona19
relative atomic mass
41,99182 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

43V

Maseni broj43
broj neutrona20
relative atomic mass
42,980766 ± 0,000046 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
79,3 ± 2,4 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.5%

44V

Maseni broj44
broj neutrona21
relative atomic mass
43,974440977 ± 0,000007799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
111 ± 7 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

45V

Maseni broj45
broj neutrona22
relative atomic mass
44,965768498 ± 0,000000926 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
547 ± 6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

46V

Maseni broj46
broj neutrona23
relative atomic mass
45,960197389 ± 0,000000143 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
422,62 ± 0,05 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

47V

Maseni broj47
broj neutrona24
relative atomic mass
46,954903558 ± 0,000000118 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,6 ± 0,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1942
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

48V

Maseni broj48
broj neutrona25
relative atomic mass
47,9522509 ± 0,000001043 Da
g-factor
0,503 ± 0,00275
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,9735 ± 0,0025 d
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

49V

Maseni broj49
broj neutrona26
relative atomic mass
48,948510509 ± 0,000000884 Da
g-factor
1,2771428571429 ± 0,014285714285714
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
330 ± 15 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

50V

Maseni broj50
broj neutrona27
relative atomic mass
49,947156681 ± 0,000000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0,25 ± 0,01
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
271 ± 13 Py
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,21 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

51V

Maseni broj51
broj neutrona28
relative atomic mass
50,943957664 ± 0,000000104 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
99,75 ± 0,01
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,052 ± 0,01
datum otkrića1924
parity-

52V

Maseni broj52
broj neutrona29
relative atomic mass
51,944773636 ± 0,00000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,743 ± 0,005 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

53V

Maseni broj53
broj neutrona30
relative atomic mass
52,94433494 ± 0,000003331 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,543 ± 0,014 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

54V

Maseni broj54
broj neutrona31
relative atomic mass
53,946432009 ± 0,000012001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
49,8 ± 0,5 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

55V

Maseni broj55
broj neutrona32
relative atomic mass
54,947262 ± 0,000029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,54 ± 0,15 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

56V

Maseni broj56
broj neutrona33
relative atomic mass
55,950420082 ± 0,000188819 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
216 ± 4 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

57V

Maseni broj57
broj neutrona34
relative atomic mass
56,952297 ± 0,000091 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
350 ± 10 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

58V

Maseni broj58
broj neutrona35
relative atomic mass
57,956595985 ± 0,000102862 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
191 ± 10 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

59V

Maseni broj59
broj neutrona36
relative atomic mass
58,959623343 ± 0,000147505 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
95 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%

60V

Maseni broj60
broj neutrona37
relative atomic mass
59,964479215 ± 0,000195327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
122 ± 18 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

61V

Maseni broj61
broj neutrona38
relative atomic mass
60,967603529 ± 0,000252196 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
48,2 ± 0,6 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1992
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14.5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

62V

Maseni broj62
broj neutrona39
relative atomic mass
61,972932556 ± 0,000283723 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
33,6 ± 2,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

63V

Maseni broj63
broj neutrona40
relative atomic mass
62,976661 ± 0,000365 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19,6 ± 0,9 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)35%
2n (2-neutron emission)

64V

Maseni broj64
broj neutrona41
relative atomic mass
63,98248 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15 ± 2 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1997
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

65V

Maseni broj65
broj neutrona42
relative atomic mass
64,986999 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

66V

Maseni broj66
broj neutrona43
relative atomic mass
65,993237 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2009
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

67V

Maseni broj67
broj neutrona44
relative atomic mass
66,998128 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2013
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Vanadium 1

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljNils Sefström
mjesto otkrićaSweden
datum otkrića1830
EtimologijaFrom Scandinavian goddess, Vanadis.
pronunciationveh-NAY-di-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
120 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,0025 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
0,000003 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,0061 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,00004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.5744
2p3.9272
2s6.8186
3d14.0171
3p12.215
3s11.2907
4s18.0188