Vanadi

Vanadi (V)

chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23
Atomic Number23
Atomic Weight50.9415
Rhif màs51
Group5
Period4
Blockd
Proton23 p+
Niwtron28 n0
Electron23 e-
Animated Bohr model of V (Vanadi)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
134 pm
Metallic Radius
122 pm
ionic radius
79 pm
Crystal Radius
93 pm
Van der Waals radius
207 pm
density
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Vanadi0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
859.4 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
6.746187 eV/particle
ionization energy of V (Vanadi)
enthalpy of vaporization
460 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
17.5 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
515.5 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 8, 11, 2
Bohr model: V (Vanadi)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: V (Vanadi)
trefn yr electronnau[Ar] 3d3 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d3 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of V (Vanadi)
Orbital Diagram of V (Vanadi)
Cyflwr ocsidiad-3, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Electronegatifedd
1.63
Electrophilicity Index
1.0623004980594741 eV/particle
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,680.15 K
Melting Point
2,183.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
lliw
Silver
appearanceblue-silver-grey metal
Mynegrif plygiant
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
30.7 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0.0000084 1/K
molar heat capacity
24.89 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.489 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
5 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.0000002 m Ω
superconductivity
5.4 K
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000628 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000003199 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0003837
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strwythur
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
3.02 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
7 MPa
bulk modulus
160 GPa
shear modulus
47 GPa
Young's modulus
128 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.37
speed of sound
4,560 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVA
IUPAC GroupVB
Glawe Number54
Mendeleev Number47
Pettifor Number54
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
836.8 kJ/mol
polarizability
87 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
832 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
5.06
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0033
quantum number4F3/2
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Vanadium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes28
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition5199.75%5199.75%500.25%500.25%

39V

Rhif màs39
neutron number16
relative atomic mass
39.02423 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

40V

Rhif màs40
neutron number17
relative atomic mass
40.013387 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

41V

Rhif màs41
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
41.000333 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

42V

Rhif màs42
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
41.99182 ± 0.00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

43V

Rhif màs43
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
42.980766 ± 0.000046 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
79.3 ± 2.4 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.5%

44V

Rhif màs44
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
43.974440977 ± 0.000007799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
111 ± 7 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1971
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

45V

Rhif màs45
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
44.965768498 ± 0.000000926 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
547 ± 6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

46V

Rhif màs46
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
45.960197389 ± 0.000000143 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
422.62 ± 0.05 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

47V

Rhif màs47
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
46.954903558 ± 0.000000118 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
32.6 ± 0.3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1942
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

48V

Rhif màs48
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
47.9522509 ± 0.000001043 Da
g-factor
0.503 ± 0.00275
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
15.9735 ± 0.0025 d
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

49V

Rhif màs49
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
48.948510509 ± 0.000000884 Da
g-factor
1.2771428571429 ± 0.014285714285714
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
330 ± 15 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

50V

Rhif màs50
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
49.947156681 ± 0.000000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0.25 ± 0.01
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
271 ± 13 Py
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.21 ± 0.04
dyddiad darganfod1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

51V

Rhif màs51
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
50.943957664 ± 0.000000104 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
99.75 ± 0.01
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.052 ± 0.01
dyddiad darganfod1924
parity-

52V

Rhif màs52
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
51.944773636 ± 0.00000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.743 ± 0.005 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

53V

Rhif màs53
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
52.94433494 ± 0.000003331 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.543 ± 0.014 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

54V

Rhif màs54
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
53.946432009 ± 0.000012001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
49.8 ± 0.5 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

55V

Rhif màs55
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
54.947262 ± 0.000029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
6.54 ± 0.15 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

56V

Rhif màs56
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
55.950420082 ± 0.000188819 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
216 ± 4 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

57V

Rhif màs57
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
56.952297 ± 0.000091 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
350 ± 10 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

58V

Rhif màs58
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
57.956595985 ± 0.000102862 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
191 ± 10 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

59V

Rhif màs59
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
58.959623343 ± 0.000147505 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
95 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%

60V

Rhif màs60
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
59.964479215 ± 0.000195327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
122 ± 18 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

61V

Rhif màs61
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
60.967603529 ± 0.000252196 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
48.2 ± 0.6 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1992
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14.5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

62V

Rhif màs62
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
61.972932556 ± 0.000283723 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
33.6 ± 2.3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

63V

Rhif màs63
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
62.976661 ± 0.000365 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
19.6 ± 0.9 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)35%
2n (2-neutron emission)

64V

Rhif màs64
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
63.98248 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
15 ± 2 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

65V

Rhif màs65
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
64.986999 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

66V

Rhif màs66
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
65.993237 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2009
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

67V

Rhif màs67
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
66.998128 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2013
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Vanadium 1

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrNils Sefström
man darganfodSweden
dyddiad darganfod1830
geirdarddiadFrom Scandinavian goddess, Vanadis.
ynganiadveh-NAY-di-em (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
120 mg/kg
natural abundance (cefnfor)
0.0025 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
0.000003 %
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
0.0061 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.00004 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.5744
2p3.9272
2s6.8186
3d14.0171
3p12.215
3s11.2907
4s18.0188