Vanadij

Vanadij (V)

chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23
Atomski broj23
Relativna atomska masa50.9415
Maseni broj51
Skupina5
Perioda4
Blokd
proton23 p+
neutron28 n0
elektron23 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of V (Vanadij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
135 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
134 pm
Metallic Radius
122 pm
Ionski radijus
79 pm
Crystal Radius
93 pm
Van der Waals radius
207 pm
gustoća
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Vanadij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
859,4 kJ/mol
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
6,746187 eV/particle
ionization energy of V (Vanadij)
Toplina isparivanja
460 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
17,5 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
515,5 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 11, 2
Bohrov model atoma: V (Vanadij)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: V (Vanadij)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d3 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d3 4s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of V (Vanadij)
Orbital Diagram of V (Vanadij)
Oksidacijski broj-3, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativnost
1.63
Electrophilicity Index
1,0623004980594741 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
3.680,15 K
Talište
2.183,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearanceblue-silver-grey metal
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
30,7 W/(m K)
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000084 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,89 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,489 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
5 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,0000002 m Ω
Supravodljivost
5,4 K
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,0000000628 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,000000003199 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,0003837
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaKubna prostorno centrirana (BCC)
lattice constant
3,02 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
7 MPa
bulk modulus
160 GPa
shear modulus
47 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
128 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,37
brzina zvuka
4.560 m/s
classification
KategorijaPrijelazni metali, Transition metals
CAS GroupVA
IUPAC GroupVB
Glawe Number54
Mendeleev Number47
Pettifor Number54
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
836,8 kJ/mol
polarizability
87 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
832 a₀
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
5,06
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0033
Kvantni brojevi4F3/2
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Vanadium

Stabilni izotopi1
Nestabilni izotopi28
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition5199.75%5199.75%500.25%500.25%

39V

Maseni broj39
neutron number16
Relativna atomska masa
39,02423 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

40V

Maseni broj40
neutron number17
Relativna atomska masa
40,013387 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

41V

Maseni broj41
neutron number18
Relativna atomska masa
41,000333 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

42V

Maseni broj42
neutron number19
Relativna atomska masa
41,99182 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

43V

Maseni broj43
neutron number20
Relativna atomska masa
42,980766 ± 0,000046 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
79,3 ± 2,4 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1987
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.5%

44V

Maseni broj44
neutron number21
Relativna atomska masa
43,974440977 ± 0,000007799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
111 ± 7 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

45V

Maseni broj45
neutron number22
Relativna atomska masa
44,965768498 ± 0,000000926 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
547 ± 6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1975
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

46V

Maseni broj46
neutron number23
Relativna atomska masa
45,960197389 ± 0,000000143 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
422,62 ± 0,05 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1952
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

47V

Maseni broj47
neutron number24
Relativna atomska masa
46,954903558 ± 0,000000118 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,6 ± 0,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1942
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

48V

Maseni broj48
neutron number25
Relativna atomska masa
47,9522509 ± 0,000001043 Da
g-factor
0,503 ± 0,00275
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,9735 ± 0,0025 d
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1937
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

49V

Maseni broj49
neutron number26
Relativna atomska masa
48,948510509 ± 0,000000884 Da
g-factor
1,2771428571429 ± 0,014285714285714
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
330 ± 15 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1940
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

50V

Maseni broj50
neutron number27
Relativna atomska masa
49,947156681 ± 0,000000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0,25 ± 0,01
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
271 ± 13 Py
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,21 ± 0,04
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

51V

Maseni broj51
neutron number28
Relativna atomska masa
50,943957664 ± 0,000000104 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
99,75 ± 0,01
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,052 ± 0,01
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1924
Parnost-

52V

Maseni broj52
neutron number29
Relativna atomska masa
51,944773636 ± 0,00000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,743 ± 0,005 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

53V

Maseni broj53
neutron number30
Relativna atomska masa
52,94433494 ± 0,000003331 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,543 ± 0,014 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

54V

Maseni broj54
neutron number31
Relativna atomska masa
53,946432009 ± 0,000012001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
49,8 ± 0,5 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

55V

Maseni broj55
neutron number32
Relativna atomska masa
54,947262 ± 0,000029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,54 ± 0,15 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

56V

Maseni broj56
neutron number33
Relativna atomska masa
55,950420082 ± 0,000188819 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
216 ± 4 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

57V

Maseni broj57
neutron number34
Relativna atomska masa
56,952297 ± 0,000091 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
350 ± 10 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

58V

Maseni broj58
neutron number35
Relativna atomska masa
57,956595985 ± 0,000102862 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
191 ± 10 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

59V

Maseni broj59
neutron number36
Relativna atomska masa
58,959623343 ± 0,000147505 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
95 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1985
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%

60V

Maseni broj60
neutron number37
Relativna atomska masa
59,964479215 ± 0,000195327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
122 ± 18 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1985
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

61V

Maseni broj61
neutron number38
Relativna atomska masa
60,967603529 ± 0,000252196 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
48,2 ± 0,6 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1992
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14.5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

62V

Maseni broj62
neutron number39
Relativna atomska masa
61,972932556 ± 0,000283723 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
33,6 ± 2,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

63V

Maseni broj63
neutron number40
Relativna atomska masa
62,976661 ± 0,000365 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19,6 ± 0,9 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)35%
2n (2-neutron emission)

64V

Maseni broj64
neutron number41
Relativna atomska masa
63,98248 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15 ± 2 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

65V

Maseni broj65
neutron number42
Relativna atomska masa
64,986999 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2009
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

66V

Maseni broj66
neutron number43
Relativna atomska masa
65,993237 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2009
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

67V

Maseni broj67
neutron number44
Relativna atomska masa
66,998128 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2013
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Vanadium 1

povijest

otkrio/izumioNils Sefström
location of discoverySweden
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1830
EtimologijaFrom Scandinavian goddess, Vanadis.
pronunciationveh-NAY-di-em (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
120 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,0025 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
0,000003 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,0061 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,00004 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.5744
2p3.9272
2s6.8186
3d14.0171
3p12.215
3s11.2907
4s18.0188