Vanadi

Vanadi (V)

chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23
Atomic Number23
Atomic Weight50.9415
mass number51
Group5
Period4
Blockd
protoni23 p+
nyutroni28 n0
elektroni23 e-
Animated Bohr model of V (Vanadi)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
134 pm
Metallic Radius
122 pm
ionic radius
79 pm
Crystal Radius
93 pm
Van der Waals radius
207 pm
msongamano
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Vanadi0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

nishati
proton affinity
859.4 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
6.746187 eV/particle
ionization energy of V (Vanadi)
enthalpy of vaporization
460 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
17.5 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
515.5 kJ/mol
elektroni
Mzingo elektroni2, 8, 11, 2
Bohr model: V (Vanadi)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: V (Vanadi)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d3 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d3 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of V (Vanadi)
Orbital Diagram of V (Vanadi)
oxidation number-3, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
electronegativity
1.63
Electrophilicity Index
1.0623004980594741 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,680.15 K
Melting Point
2,183.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Kiwango utatu
appearance
Rangi
Silver
appearanceblue-silver-grey metal
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
30.7 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0.0000084 1/K
molar heat capacity
24.89 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.489 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
5 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0.0000002 m Ω
superconductivity
5.4 K
Uga sumaku
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000628 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000003199 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0003837
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
3.02 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
7 MPa
bulk modulus
160 GPa
shear modulus
47 GPa
Young's modulus
128 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.37
speed of sound
4,560 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVA
IUPAC GroupVB
Glawe Number54
Mendeleev Number47
Pettifor Number54
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
836.8 kJ/mol
polarizability
87 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
832 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
5.06
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0033
quantum number4F3/2
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Vanadium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes28
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition5199.75%5199.75%500.25%500.25%

39V

mass number39
neutron number16
relative atomic mass
39.02423 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
p (proton emission)

40V

mass number40
neutron number17
relative atomic mass
40.013387 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
p (proton emission)

41V

mass number41
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
41.000333 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
p (proton emission)

42V

mass number42
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
41.99182 ± 0.00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
p (proton emission)

43V

mass number43
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
42.980766 ± 0.000046 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
79.3 ± 2.4 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1987
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.5%

44V

mass number44
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
43.974440977 ± 0.000007799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
111 ± 7 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1971
parity

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

45V

mass number45
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
44.965768498 ± 0.000000926 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
547 ± 6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1975
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

46V

mass number46
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
45.960197389 ± 0.000000143 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
422.62 ± 0.05 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
Uvumbuzi1952
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

47V

mass number47
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
46.954903558 ± 0.000000118 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
32.6 ± 0.3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1942
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

48V

mass number48
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
47.9522509 ± 0.000001043 Da
g-factor
0.503 ± 0.00275
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
15.9735 ± 0.0025 d
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1937
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

49V

mass number49
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
48.948510509 ± 0.000000884 Da
g-factor
1.2771428571429 ± 0.014285714285714
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
330 ± 15 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1940
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

50V

mass number50
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
49.947156681 ± 0.000000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0.25 ± 0.01
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
271 ± 13 Py
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.21 ± 0.04
Uvumbuzi1949
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

51V

mass number51
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
50.943957664 ± 0.000000104 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
99.75 ± 0.01
Unururifustable isotope
NusumaishaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.052 ± 0.01
Uvumbuzi1924
parity-

52V

mass number52
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
51.944773636 ± 0.00000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
3.743 ± 0.005 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1934
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

53V

mass number53
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
52.94433494 ± 0.000003331 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
1.543 ± 0.014 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1960
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

54V

mass number54
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
53.946432009 ± 0.000012001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
49.8 ± 0.5 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1970
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

55V

mass number55
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
54.947262 ± 0.000029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
6.54 ± 0.15 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1977
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%

56V

mass number56
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
55.950420082 ± 0.000188819 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
216 ± 4 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1980
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

57V

mass number57
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
56.952297 ± 0.000091 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
350 ± 10 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1980
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

58V

mass number58
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
57.956595985 ± 0.000102862 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
191 ± 10 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1980
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

59V

mass number59
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
58.959623343 ± 0.000147505 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
95 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1985
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%

60V

mass number60
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
59.964479215 ± 0.000195327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
122 ± 18 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1985
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

61V

mass number61
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
60.967603529 ± 0.000252196 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
48.2 ± 0.6 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1992
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14.5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

62V

mass number62
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
61.972932556 ± 0.000283723 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
33.6 ± 2.3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1997
parity+

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

63V

mass number63
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
62.976661 ± 0.000365 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
19.6 ± 0.9 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1997
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)35%
2n (2-neutron emission)

64V

mass number64
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
63.98248 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
15 ± 2 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi1997
parity

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

65V

mass number65
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
64.986999 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi2009
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

66V

mass number66
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
65.993237 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi2009
parity

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

67V

mass number67
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
66.998128 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Unururifu☢️ radioactive element
Nusumaisha
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
Uvumbuzi2013
parity-

hali ya kuozaintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Vanadium 1

historia

mgunduzi au mvumbuziNils Sefström
location of discoverySweden
Uvumbuzi1830
EtimolojiaFrom Scandinavian goddess, Vanadis.
pronunciationveh-NAY-di-em (Kiingereza)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
120 mg/kg
natural abundance (Bahari)
0.0025 mg/L
natural abundance (Mwili)
0.000003 %
natural abundance (Kimondo)
0.0061 %
natural abundance (Jua)
0.00004 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.5744
2p3.9272
2s6.8186
3d14.0171
3p12.215
3s11.2907
4s18.0188