Egenskaper

CAS Number7440-39-3
PubChem CID5355457
Atomradie222
Molvolym39,24
Atommassa137,327
Blocks
Kokpunkt1 897
Bulk Modulus
KategoriAlkaliska jordmetaller
KristallstrukturRymdcentrerat kubisk
FärgSilver
Kovalent radie215
Densitet3,594
Electrical Resistivity
Elektronkonfiguration[Xe] 6s2
Elektroner per skal2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
Elektronegativitet0,89
Electrons56
Grupp2
Smältvärme8
Ångbildningsvärme140
Jonisationspotential5,212
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Massa137,327
Mass Number56
Smältpunkt727
NamnBarium
Neutroner81
Atomnummer137
Oxidationstillstånd2
Period6
AggregationstillståndFast
Poisson Ratio
Protoner56
Shear Modulus
Specifik värmekapacitet0,204
TeckenBa
Värmeledningsförmåga0,184
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Förekomst
Abundance in Earth's crust0.034%
Abundance in Universe1×10-6%
Ba Barium 56 137.327 2 6 s 56 725.0 1640.0 [Xe] 6s2 2 8 18 18 8 2 3.5 0.034% Silver Cubic: Body centered 0.9 0.881 {"1":"502.9","2":"965.2","3":"3600"} 508 13.95 198 2 2.22 39.0 8.01 140.2 0.204 18.4 0 Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, AlkalineEarthMetal, Metal, Stable, Natural BAR-i-em Soft, slightly malleable, silvery-white metal. Barite, or barium sulfate (BaSO4), when ground is used as a filter for rubber, plastics, and resins. It is insoluable in water and so is used in X-rays of the digestive system. Barium nitrate, Ba(NO3)2, burns brilliant green and is used in fireworks. Found in barytine (BaSO4) and witherite (BaCO3), never found in pure form due to its reactivity. Must be stored under kerosene to remain pure. IQ2u1JunzgA Barium
Element 43 was predicted on the basis of the periodic table, and was erroneously reported as having been discovered in 1925, at which time it was named masurium.

The element was actually discovered by Carlo Perrier and Emilio Segrè in 1937.

It was also found in a sample of molybdenum sent by Ernest Lawrence that was bombarded by deuterons in the Berkeley cyclotron. From the Greek word technetos, artificial 56 1808 Sir Humphrey Davy England From the Greek word "barys" meaning "heavy"

Teknetiumisotoper

Standard Atomic Weight

137.327(7)

Stabila isotoper

130Ba 132Ba 134Ba 135Ba 136Ba 137Ba 138Ba

Instabila isotoper

114Ba 115Ba 116Ba 117Ba 118Ba 119Ba 120Ba 121Ba 122Ba 123Ba 124Ba 125Ba 126Ba 127Ba 128Ba 129Ba 131Ba 133Ba 139Ba 140Ba 141Ba 142Ba 143Ba 144Ba 145Ba 146Ba 147Ba 148Ba 149Ba 150Ba 151Ba 152Ba 153Ba

Technetium is harmful due to its radioactivity
Technetium was the first element to be produced artificially
Technetium is used in nuclear medicine to carry out a number of medical tests, mainly relating to imaging and functional studies of internal bodily organs like bone scan.

It is also used industrially for equipment calibration following its approval as a standard beta emitter.

Mild carbon steels may be effectively protected by minute quantities of technetium, but this corrosion protection is limited to closed systems because of technetium's radioactivity.