性质

CAS编号7782-50-5
PubChem CID24526
原子半径79
原子体积22.7
相对原子质量35.453
p
沸点-34.04
体积模量
分类卤素
晶体结构底心正交
颜色黄色
共价半径102
密度0.003
电阻率
电子排布[Ne] 3s2 3p5
每层电子排布2, 8, 7
电负性3.16
电子17
17
熔解热3.2
汽化热10.2
电离能12.968
磁有序化
磁化率
同位素质量35.453
质量数17
熔点-101.5
名称
个中子18
原子序数35
氧化态-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
周期3
状态气体
泊松比
个质子17
剪切模量
比热容0.479
符号Cl
热导率0
范德华半径
杨氏模量 (弹性模量)
相对丰度
地壳丰度0.017%
宇宙丰度0.0001%
Cl 氯 17 35.453 17 3 p 17 -101.0 -34.6 [Ne] 3s2 3p5 2 8 7 0.00321 0.017% Yellow Orthorhombic 3.2 2.869 {"1":"1251.2","2":"2298","3":"3822","4":"5158.6","5":"6542","6":"9362","7":"11018","8":"33604","9":"38600","10":"43961","11":"51068","12":"57119","13":"63363","14":"72341","15":"78095","16":"352994","17":"380760"} 1255 349 99 -1 0.97 18.7 3.21 10.2 0.48 0.0089 0 Gas, Diamagnetic, Insulator, Halogen, Nonmetal, Stable, Natural KLOR-een Greenish-yellow, disagreeable gas. Never found in free form in nature. Used in water purification, bleaches, acids and many, many other compounds such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFC). Salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) is its most common compound. Commercial quantities are produced by electrolysis of aqueous sodium chloride (seawater or brine from salt mines). BXCfBl4rmh0 Chlorine
Ununquadium(Uuq)是IUPAC的临时系统元素名称。

在一九九八年,杜布纳由联合核研究所的尤里·奥加内西奥和弗拉基米尔·乌托隆科夫领导的一个小组通过用钙炸钚来生产氟氯氰菊酯。

在持续40天的实验中,在钚上煅烧的5 × 1018个原子的钙,以产生单一的氟化物原子。 为纪念前苏联物理学家、联合核研究所创始人格奥尔基·弗廖罗夫而得名 17 1774 Carl William Scheele Sweden From the Greek word "chloros" meaning "pale green"

鈇的同位素

Standard Atomic Weight

[35.446,35.457]

稳定的同位素

35Cl 37Cl

不稳定的同位素

28Cl 29Cl 30Cl 31Cl 32Cl 33Cl 34Cl 36Cl 38Cl 39Cl 40Cl 41Cl 42Cl 43Cl 44Cl 45Cl 46Cl 47Cl 48Cl 49Cl 50Cl 51Cl

极其有害因其放射性
The longest-lived isotope currently known is 289Fl
仅仅用在于科研目的