خواص

CAS Number7440-48-4
PubChem CID104730
شعاع اتمی۱۲۵
حجم اتمی۶٫۷
عدد جرمی۵۸٫۹۳۳
بلوکd
نقطه جوش۲٬۹۲۷
Bulk Modulus
دستهفلزات واسطه
ساختار کریستالیشش ضلعی ساده
رنگخاکستری
شعاع کووالانسی۱۲۶
چگالی۸٫۸۶
Electrical Resistivity
ساختار الکترونی[Ar] 3d7 4s2
الکترون های هر لایه2, 8, 15, 2
الکترونگاتیویته۱٫۸۸
Electrons27
گروه9
گرمای همجوشی۱۶٫۲
گرمای تبخیر۳۷۵
پتانسیل یونیزاسیون۷٫۸۸۱
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
جرم۵۸٫۹۳۳
Mass Number27
نقطه ذوب۱٬۴۹۵
نامکبالت
نوترون ها32
عدد اتمی59
حالات اکسید شدن-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
تناوب4
جنسجامد
Poisson Ratio
پروتون ها27
Shear Modulus
ظرفیت گرمایی ویژه۰٫۴۲۱
نمادCo
رسانایی گرما۱
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
فراوانی
فراوانی در پوسته زمین0.003%
فراوانی در جهان0.0003%
Co کبالت 27 58.933195 9 4 d 27 1495.0 2870.0 [Ar] 3d7 4s2 2 8 15 2 8.9 0.003% Gray Hexagonal 1.9 1.84 {"1":"760.4","2":"1648","3":"3232","4":"4950","5":"7670","6":"9840","7":"12440","8":"15230","9":"17959","10":"26570","11":"29400","12":"32400","13":"36600","14":"39700","15":"42800","16":"49396","17":"52737","18":"134810","19":"145170","20":"154700","21":"167400","22":"178100","23":"189300","24":"204500","25":"214100","26":"920870","27":"966023"} 761 63.7 126 +2,3 1.25 6.7 16.19 373.3 0.421 100.0 0 Solid, Ferromagnetic, Conductor, TransitionMetal, Metal, Stable, Natural KO-bolt Hard, ductile, lustrous bluish-gray metal. Exists in the earth's curst in cocentrations of about 25 ppm. It has remarkable magnetic properties. Used in many hard alloys; for magnets, ceramics and special glasses. Remains hard up to 982°C. Radioactive cobalt-60 is used in cancer therapy. Occurs in compounds with arsenic, oxygen and sulfur as in cobaltine (CoAsS) and linneite (Co3S4). Pure cobalt is obtained as a byproduct of refining nickel, copper and iron. V6ljxByu9ng Cobalt
Around 1630, chlorine was recognized as a gas by the Belgian chemist and physician Jan Baptist van Helmont.

Elemental chlorine was first prepared and studied in 1774 by Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele.

By 1810, the scientific consensus was that chlorine was actually a compound that contained oxygen.

In 1811, Sir Humphry Davy concluded the new gas was in fact a new element. از کلمه یونانی 'کلرو'، زرد مایل به سبز 27 1735 Georg Brandt Sweden From the German word "kobald" meaning "goblin" or evil spirit

ایزوتوپ‌های کلر

Standard Atomic Weight

58.933194(4)

ایزوتوپ های پایدار

59Co

ایزوتوپ های ناپایدار

47Co 48Co 49Co 50Co 51Co 52Co 53Co 54Co 55Co 56Co 57Co 58Co 60Co 61Co 62Co 63Co 64Co 65Co 66Co 67Co 68Co 69Co 70Co 71Co 72Co 73Co 74Co 75Co

Elemental chlorine at high concentrations is extremely dangerous and poisonous
Tree frogs have a chlorine compound in their skin that is a very powerful pain killer
Chlorine is used for producing safe drinking water.

It is also extensively used in the production of paper products, dyestuffs, textiles, petroleum products, medicines, antiseptics, insecticides, food, solvents, paints, plastics, and many other consumer products.

Chlorinated compounds are used mostly for sanitation, pulp bleaching, disinfectants, and textile processing.