Vlastnosti

CAS Number7440-55-3
PubChem CID5360835
Atomový poloměr135
Molární objem11,8
Atomová hmotnost69,723
Blokp
Teplota varu2 204
Bulk Modulus
KategorieNepřechodné kovy
Krystalografická soustavaOrthorhombická prostorově centrovaná
BarvaStříbrná
Kovalentní poloměr122
Hustota5,907
Electrical Resistivity
Elektronová konfigurace[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
Elektronů v obalu2, 8, 18, 3
Elektronegativita1,81
Electrons31
Skupina13
Skupenské teplo tání5,59
Skupenské teplo varu256
Ionizační potenciál5,999
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Hmotnost69,723
Mass Number31
Teplota tání29,76
NázevGallium
Neutrony39
Atomové číslo70
Oxidační čísla1, 2, 3
Perioda4
SkupenstvíPevná
Poisson Ratio
Protony31
Shear Modulus
Měrná tepelná kapacita0,371
ZnačkaGa
Tepelná vodivost0,406
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Hojnost
Hojnost v zemské kůře0.0019%
Hojnost ve vesmíru1×10-6%
Ga Gallium 31 69.723 13 4 p 31 29.8 2403.0 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1 2 8 18 3 5.9 0.0019% Silver Orthorhombic 1.8 1.756 {"1":"578.8","2":"1979.3","3":"2963","4":"6180"} 579 28.9 126 3 1.41 11.8 5.59 256.06 0.371 40.6 0 Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, PoorMetal GAL-i-em Soft, blue-white metal. Used in semiconductor production. It us used in making LEDs (light-emitting diodes) and GaAs laser diodes. Found throughout the crust in minerals like bauxite, germanite and coal. N6ccRvKKwZQ Gallium
Calcium was known as early as the first century when the Ancient Romans prepared lime as calcium oxide.

Calcium was first isolated by Sir Humphry Davy in 1808 when he electrolyzed a mixture of lime and mercuric oxide.

Davy was trying to isolate calcium; when he heard that Jöns Jakob Berzelius and Pontin prepared calcium amalgam by electrolyzing lime in mercury, he tried it himself. Z latinského calx, limetka 31 1875 Paul-Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran France From the Latin word "Gallia" meaning "France" and perhaps also from the Latin word "gallus"

Izotopy vápníku

Standard Atomic Weight

69.723(1)

Stabilní izotopy

69Ga 71Ga

Nestabilní izotopy

56Ga 57Ga 58Ga 59Ga 60Ga 61Ga 62Ga 63Ga 64Ga 65Ga 66Ga 67Ga 68Ga 70Ga 72Ga 73Ga 74Ga 75Ga 76Ga 77Ga 78Ga 79Ga 80Ga 81Ga 82Ga 83Ga 84Ga 85Ga 86Ga

Calcium is considered to be non-toxic
The shell of an egg is made up of primarily calcium carbonate
Calcium is used to remove oxygen, sulfur and carbon from alloys.

It is also used as an alloying agent used in the production of aluminum, beryllium, copper, lead, and magnesium alloys.

Calcium is used as a reducing agent in the extraction of other metals, such as uranium, zirconium, and thorium.

Calcium carbonate is used in manufacturing cement and mortar, lime and limestone.