Właściwości

CAS Number7440-55-3
PubChem CID5360835
Promień atomowy135
Objętość molowa11,8
Masa atomowa69,723
Blokp
Temperatura wrzenia2 204
Bulk Modulus
KategoriaMetale bloku p
Układ krystalograficznyBase Centered Orthorhombic
KolorSrebrny
Promień walencyjny122
Gęstość5,907
Rezystancja
Konfiguracja elektronowa[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
Elektrony na poszczególnych powłokach2, 8, 18, 3
Elektroujemność1,81
Elektrony31
Grupa13
Ciepło topnienia5,59
Ciepło parowania256
Energia jonizacji5,999
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Masa69,723
Liczba masowa31
Temperatura topnienia29,76
NazwaGal
Neutrony39
Liczba atomowa70
Stopnie utlenienia1, 2, 3
Okres4
Stan skupieniaCiało stałe
Poisson Ratio
Protony31
Shear Modulus
Ciepło właściwe0,371
SymbolGa
Przewodność cieplna0,406
Van der Waals radius
Moduł Younga
Obfitość
Ilość w skorupie Ziemi0.0019%
Ilość we Wszechświecie1×10-6%
Ga Gal 31 69.723 13 4 p 31 29.8 2403.0 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1 2 8 18 3 5.9 0.0019% Silver Orthorhombic 1.8 1.756 {"1":"578.8","2":"1979.3","3":"2963","4":"6180"} 579 28.9 126 3 1.41 11.8 5.59 256.06 0.371 40.6 0 Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, PoorMetal GAL-i-em Soft, blue-white metal. Used in semiconductor production. It us used in making LEDs (light-emitting diodes) and GaAs laser diodes. Found throughout the crust in minerals like bauxite, germanite and coal. N6ccRvKKwZQ Gallium
Calcium was known as early as the first century when the Ancient Romans prepared lime as calcium oxide.

Calcium was first isolated by Sir Humphry Davy in 1808 when he electrolyzed a mixture of lime and mercuric oxide.

Davy was trying to isolate calcium; when he heard that Jöns Jakob Berzelius and Pontin prepared calcium amalgam by electrolyzing lime in mercury, he tried it himself. From the Latin word calx, lime 31 1875 Paul-Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran France From the Latin word "Gallia" meaning "France" and perhaps also from the Latin word "gallus"

Isotopes of Calcium

Standard Atomic Weight

69.723(1)

Stabilne izotopy

69Ga 71Ga

Niestabilne izotopy

56Ga 57Ga 58Ga 59Ga 60Ga 61Ga 62Ga 63Ga 64Ga 65Ga 66Ga 67Ga 68Ga 70Ga 72Ga 73Ga 74Ga 75Ga 76Ga 77Ga 78Ga 79Ga 80Ga 81Ga 82Ga 83Ga 84Ga 85Ga 86Ga

Calcium is considered to be non-toxic
The shell of an egg is made up of primarily calcium carbonate
Calcium is used to remove oxygen, sulfur and carbon from alloys.

It is also used as an alloying agent used in the production of aluminum, beryllium, copper, lead, and magnesium alloys.

Calcium is used as a reducing agent in the extraction of other metals, such as uranium, zirconium, and thorium.

Calcium carbonate is used in manufacturing cement and mortar, lime and limestone.