Својства

CAS Number7440-55-3
PubChem CID5360835
Атомски радијус135
Молска запремина11,8
Атомска маса69,723
Блокp
Температура кључања2.204
Bulk Modulus
КатегоријаПост-прелазни метали
Кристална структураБазноцентрична Орторомбна
БојаСребрена
Ковалентни радијус122
Густина5,907
Electrical Resistivity
Електронска конфигурација[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
Електрони по љусци2, 8, 18, 3
Електронегативност1,81
Electrons31
Група13
Топлота топљења5,59
Топлота испаравања256
Јонизујући потенцијал5,999
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Маса69,723
Mass Number31
Температура топљења29,76
НазивГалијум
Неутрони39
Атомски број70
Оксидациона стања1, 2, 3
Периода4
СтањеЧвсрто
Poisson Ratio
Протони31
Shear Modulus
Специфична топлота0,371
СимболGa
Топлотна проводљивост0,406
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Заступљеност
Заступљеност у Земљиној кори0.0019%
Заступљеност у Космосу1×10-6%
Ga Галијум 31 69.723 13 4 p 31 29.8 2403.0 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1 2 8 18 3 5.9 0.0019% Silver Orthorhombic 1.8 1.756 {"1":"578.8","2":"1979.3","3":"2963","4":"6180"} 579 28.9 126 3 1.41 11.8 5.59 256.06 0.371 40.6 0 Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, PoorMetal GAL-i-em Soft, blue-white metal. Used in semiconductor production. It us used in making LEDs (light-emitting diodes) and GaAs laser diodes. Found throughout the crust in minerals like bauxite, germanite and coal. N6ccRvKKwZQ Gallium
Calcium was known as early as the first century when the Ancient Romans prepared lime as calcium oxide.

Calcium was first isolated by Sir Humphry Davy in 1808 when he electrolyzed a mixture of lime and mercuric oxide.

Davy was trying to isolate calcium; when he heard that Jöns Jakob Berzelius and Pontin prepared calcium amalgam by electrolyzing lime in mercury, he tried it himself. From the Latin word calx, lime 31 1875 Paul-Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran France From the Latin word "Gallia" meaning "France" and perhaps also from the Latin word "gallus"

Isotopes of Calcium

Standard Atomic Weight

69.723(1)

Стабилни изотопи

69Ga 71Ga

Нестабилни изотопи

56Ga 57Ga 58Ga 59Ga 60Ga 61Ga 62Ga 63Ga 64Ga 65Ga 66Ga 67Ga 68Ga 70Ga 72Ga 73Ga 74Ga 75Ga 76Ga 77Ga 78Ga 79Ga 80Ga 81Ga 82Ga 83Ga 84Ga 85Ga 86Ga

Calcium is considered to be non-toxic
The shell of an egg is made up of primarily calcium carbonate
Calcium is used to remove oxygen, sulfur and carbon from alloys.

It is also used as an alloying agent used in the production of aluminum, beryllium, copper, lead, and magnesium alloys.

Calcium is used as a reducing agent in the extraction of other metals, such as uranium, zirconium, and thorium.

Calcium carbonate is used in manufacturing cement and mortar, lime and limestone.