Properties

CAS Number7723-14-0
PubChem CID5462309
Atomic Radius98
Atomic Volume17
Atomic Weight30.974
Blockp
Boiling Point279.85
Bulk Modulus
CategoryOther nonmetals
Crystal StructureSimple Triclinic
Color
Covalent Radius107
Density1.82
Electrical Resistivity
Electron Configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p3
Electrons per shell2, 8, 5
Electronegativity2.19
Electrons15
Group15
Heat of Fusion0.64
Heat of Vaporization12.4
Ionization Potential10.487
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Mass30.974
Mass Number15
Melting Point44.1
NamePhosphorus
Neutrons16
Atomic Number31
Oxidation States-3, -2, -1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Period3
PhaseSolid
Poisson Ratio
Protons15
Shear Modulus
Specific Heat Capacity0.769
SymbolP
Thermal Conductivity0.002
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust0.099%
Abundance in Universe0.0007%
P Phosphorus 15 30.973762 15 3 p 15 44.1 280.0 [Ne] 3s2 3p3 2 8 5 1.82 0.099% Colorless Monoclinic 2.2 2.253 {"1":"1011.8","2":"1907","3":"2914.1","4":"4963.6","5":"6273.9","6":"21267","7":"25431","8":"29872","9":"35905","10":"40950","11":"46261","12":"54110","13":"59024","14":"271791","15":"296195"} 1060 72 106 -3 1.28 17.0 0.63 12.4 0.769 0.235 0 Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Stable, Natural, Nonmetal FOS-fer-es Soft white waxy phosphorescent solid, brownish-red powder or black solid. Used in the production of fertilizers and detergents. Some is used in fireworks, safety matches, and incendiary weapons. Also some applications for it and some of its compounds which glow in the dark. Found most often in phosphate rock. Pure phosphorus is obtained by heating a mixture of phosphate rock, coke, and silica to about 1450 °C. nXDar3TMiqI Phosphorus
Copernicium was first created on February 9, 1996, at the Institute for Heavy Ion Research (Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung) in Darmstadt, Germany, by Sigurd Hofmann, Victor Ninov et al.

This element was created by firing accelerated zinc-70 nuclei at a target made of lead-208 nuclei in a heavy ion accelerator.

A single atom of copernicium was produced with a mass number of 277. Named after the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus 15 1669 Hennig Brand Germany From the Greek word "phosphoros" meaning "bringer of light"

Isotopes of Copernicium

Standard Atomic Weight

30.973761998(5)

Stable Isotopes

31P

Unstable Isotopes

24P 25P 26P 27P 28P 29P 30P 32P 33P 34P 35P 36P 37P 38P 39P 40P 41P 42P 43P 44P 45P 46P

Copernicium is harmful due to its radioactivity
Copernicium has no stable or naturally-occurring isotopes
Copernicium is used for scientific research purposes only.