Bromoa

Bromoa (Br)

35 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number35
Atomic Weight79.904
masa-zenbaki79
Group17
Period4
Blockp
protoi35 p+
neutroi44 n0
elektroi35 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Br (Bromoa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
115 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
114 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
196 pm
Crystal Radius
182 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
185 pm
dentsitatea
3,1028 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Bromoa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
554,4 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
3,3635882 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
11,81381 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Br (Bromoa)
Irakite-entalpia
29,56 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
10,57 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
111,85 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 7
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Br (Bromoa)
balentzia-elektroi7
Lewis egitura: Br (Bromoa)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p5
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Br (Bromoa)
Orbital Diagram of Br (Bromoa)
Oxidazio-egoera-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7
Elektronegatibotasun
2.96
Electrophilicity Index
3,4075054710599915 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraLiquid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
331,95 K
Melting Point
265,95 K
critical pressure
10,34 MPa
critical temperature
588,15 K
Puntu hirukoitz
265,9 K
5,879 kPa
appearance
kolore
Red
appearance
errefrakzio-indize
1,001132
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,005 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
molar heat capacity
75,69 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,474 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeInsulator
Eroankortasun elektriko
0,0000000000000001 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
10.000.000.000 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000049 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000000783 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000153
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
6,67 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
1,9 GPa
Zizaila modulua
Youngen modulu
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
classification
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number100
Mendeleev Number108
Pettifor Number98
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
531,2 kJ/mol
polarizability
21 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
162 a₀
allotropeDibromine
Neutron cross section
6,8
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,002
zenbaki kuantiko2P3/2
talde espazial64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Bromine

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes32
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition7950.65%7950.65%8149.35%8149.35%

65Br

masa-zenbaki65
neutron number30
atomo-masa erlatibo
64,982297 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

66Br

masa-zenbaki66
neutron number31
atomo-masa erlatibo
65,974697 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

67Br

masa-zenbaki67
neutron number32
atomo-masa erlatibo
66,965078 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

68Br

masa-zenbaki68
neutron number33
atomo-masa erlatibo
67,958356 ± 0,000278 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

69Br

masa-zenbaki69
neutron number34
atomo-masa erlatibo
68,95033841 ± 0,000045091 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1988
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

70Br

masa-zenbaki70
neutron number35
atomo-masa erlatibo
69,944792321 ± 0,000016 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
78,8 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

71Br

masa-zenbaki71
neutron number36
atomo-masa erlatibo
70,939342153 ± 0,000005799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,4 ± 0,6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

72Br

masa-zenbaki72
neutron number37
atomo-masa erlatibo
71,936594606 ± 0,0000011 Da
g-factor
0,6 ± 0,1
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
78,6 ± 2,4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

73Br

masa-zenbaki73
neutron number38
atomo-masa erlatibo
72,931673441 ± 0,000007237 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,4 ± 0,2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

74Br

masa-zenbaki74
neutron number39
atomo-masa erlatibo
73,929910279 ± 0,000006264 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
25,4 ± 0,3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

75Br

masa-zenbaki75
neutron number40
atomo-masa erlatibo
74,925810566 ± 0,0000046 Da
g-factor
0,50666666666667 ± 0,12
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
96,7 ± 1,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

76Br

masa-zenbaki76
neutron number41
atomo-masa erlatibo
75,924541574 ± 0,000010007 Da
g-factor
0,5477 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
16,2 ± 0,2 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,251 ± 0,004
aurkikuntza-data1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

77Br

masa-zenbaki77
neutron number42
atomo-masa erlatibo
76,921379193 ± 0,000003017 Da
g-factor
0,64873333333333 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
57,04 ± 0,12 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,5 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

78Br

masa-zenbaki78
neutron number43
atomo-masa erlatibo
77,921145858 ± 0,000003842 Da
g-factor
0,13 ± 0,03
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,45 ± 0,04 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)0.01%

79Br

masa-zenbaki79
neutron number44
atomo-masa erlatibo
78,918337574 ± 0,000001074 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
50,65 ± 0,09
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,3087 ± 0,0002
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity-

80Br

masa-zenbaki80
neutron number45
atomo-masa erlatibo
79,918529784 ± 0,000001065 Da
g-factor
0,5135 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17,68 ± 0,02 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,182 ± 0,003
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)91.7%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)8.3%

81Br

masa-zenbaki81
neutron number46
atomo-masa erlatibo
80,916288197 ± 0,000001049 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
49,35 ± 0,09
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity-

82Br

masa-zenbaki82
neutron number47
atomo-masa erlatibo
81,916801752 ± 0,000001042 Da
g-factor
0,32512 ± 0,00012
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
35,282 ± 0,007 h
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,697 ± 0,01
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

83Br

masa-zenbaki83
neutron number48
atomo-masa erlatibo
82,915175285 ± 0,000004073 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,374 ± 0,004 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

84Br

masa-zenbaki84
neutron number49
atomo-masa erlatibo
83,916496417 ± 0,000027622 Da
g-factor
0,95 ± 0,35
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
31,76 ± 0,08 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

85Br

masa-zenbaki85
neutron number50
atomo-masa erlatibo
84,915645758 ± 0,000003304 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,9 ± 0,06 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

86Br

masa-zenbaki86
neutron number51
atomo-masa erlatibo
85,918805432 ± 0,000003304 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
55,1 ± 0,4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

87Br

masa-zenbaki87
neutron number52
atomo-masa erlatibo
86,920674016 ± 0,000003404 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
55,68 ± 0,12 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.6%

88Br

masa-zenbaki88
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
87,92408329 ± 0,000003404 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
16,34 ± 0,08 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.58%

89Br

masa-zenbaki89
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
88,926704558 ± 0,000003504 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,357 ± 0,022 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)13.8%

90Br

masa-zenbaki90
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
89,931292848 ± 0,000003604 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,91 ± 0,01 s
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)25.3%

91Br

masa-zenbaki91
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
90,934398617 ± 0,000003804 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
543 ± 4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)29.5%

92Br

masa-zenbaki92
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
91,939631595 ± 0,000007202 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
314 ± 16 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)33.1%
2n (2-neutron emission)

93Br

masa-zenbaki93
neutron number58
atomo-masa erlatibo
92,94322 ± 0,0004625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
152 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)64%
2n (2-neutron emission)

94Br

masa-zenbaki94
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
93,948846 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
70 ± 20 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)68%
2n (2-neutron emission)

95Br

masa-zenbaki95
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
94,952925 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

96Br

masa-zenbaki96
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
95,95898 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

97Br

masa-zenbaki97
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
96,963499 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

98Br

masa-zenbaki98
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
97,969887 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Bromine vial in acrylic cube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaAntoine J. Balard
aurkikuntzaren lekuaFrance
aurkikuntza-data1826
etimologiaGreek: brômos (stench).
pronunciationBRO-meen (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,4 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
67,3 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,00029 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,00012 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
Abundance in Universe
0,0000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.7529
2p3.9436
2s9.3566
3d15.4409
3p15.4292
3s14.7815
4p25.972
4s24.4472