Brom

Brom (Br)

chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35
Atomic Number35
Atomic Weight79.904
Hejmara baristeyî79
Group17
Period4
Blockp
Proton35 p+
Notron44 n0
Kareva35 e-
Animated Bohr model of Br (Brom)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
115 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
114 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
196 pm
Crystal Radius
182 pm
Van der Waals radius
185 pm
density
3,1028 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Brom0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
554,4 kJ/mol
electron affinity
3,3635882 eV/particle
ionization energy
11,81381 eV/particle
ionization energy of Br (Brom)
enthalpy of vaporization
29,56 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
10,57 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
111,85 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 7
Bohr model: Br (Brom)
valence electron7
Lewis structure: Br (Brom)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p5
Enhanced Bohr model of Br (Brom)
Orbital Diagram of Br (Brom)
oxidation number-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7
electronegativity
2.96
Electrophilicity Index
3,4075054710599915 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterLiquid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
331,95 K
Melting Point
265,95 K
critical pressure
10,34 MPa
critical temperature
588,15 K
triple point
265,9 K
5,879 kPa
appearance
color
Red
appearance
refractive index
1,001132
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,005 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
75,69 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,474 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeInsulator
electrical conductivity
0,0000000000000001 MS/m
electrical resistivity
10.000.000.000 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000049 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000783 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000153
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
6,67 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
1,9 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Leza dengê
classification
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number100
Mendeleev Number108
Pettifor Number98
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
531,2 kJ/mol
polarizability
21 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
162 a₀
allotropeDibromine
Neutron cross section
6,8
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,002
quantum number2P3/2
space group64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Bromine

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes32
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition7950.65%7950.65%8149.35%8149.35%

65Br

Hejmara baristeyî65
neutron number30
Giraniya atomê
64,982297 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

66Br

Hejmara baristeyî66
neutron number31
Giraniya atomê
65,974697 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

67Br

Hejmara baristeyî67
neutron number32
Giraniya atomê
66,965078 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

68Br

Hejmara baristeyî68
neutron number33
Giraniya atomê
67,958356 ± 0,000278 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

69Br

Hejmara baristeyî69
neutron number34
Giraniya atomê
68,95033841 ± 0,000045091 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1988
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

70Br

Hejmara baristeyî70
neutron number35
Giraniya atomê
69,944792321 ± 0,000016 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
78,8 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

71Br

Hejmara baristeyî71
neutron number36
Giraniya atomê
70,939342153 ± 0,000005799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,4 ± 0,6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

72Br

Hejmara baristeyî72
neutron number37
Giraniya atomê
71,936594606 ± 0,0000011 Da
g-factor
0,6 ± 0,1
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
78,6 ± 2,4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

73Br

Hejmara baristeyî73
neutron number38
Giraniya atomê
72,931673441 ± 0,000007237 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,4 ± 0,2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

74Br

Hejmara baristeyî74
neutron number39
Giraniya atomê
73,929910279 ± 0,000006264 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,4 ± 0,3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

75Br

Hejmara baristeyî75
neutron number40
Giraniya atomê
74,925810566 ± 0,0000046 Da
g-factor
0,50666666666667 ± 0,12
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
96,7 ± 1,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

76Br

Hejmara baristeyî76
neutron number41
Giraniya atomê
75,924541574 ± 0,000010007 Da
g-factor
0,5477 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,2 ± 0,2 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,251 ± 0,004
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1952
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

77Br

Hejmara baristeyî77
neutron number42
Giraniya atomê
76,921379193 ± 0,000003017 Da
g-factor
0,64873333333333 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
57,04 ± 0,12 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,5 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

78Br

Hejmara baristeyî78
neutron number43
Giraniya atomê
77,921145858 ± 0,000003842 Da
g-factor
0,13 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,45 ± 0,04 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)0.01%

79Br

Hejmara baristeyî79
neutron number44
Giraniya atomê
78,918337574 ± 0,000001074 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
50,65 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,3087 ± 0,0002
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1920
parity-

80Br

Hejmara baristeyî80
neutron number45
Giraniya atomê
79,918529784 ± 0,000001065 Da
g-factor
0,5135 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,68 ± 0,02 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,182 ± 0,003
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)91.7%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)8.3%

81Br

Hejmara baristeyî81
neutron number46
Giraniya atomê
80,916288197 ± 0,000001049 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
49,35 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1920
parity-

82Br

Hejmara baristeyî82
neutron number47
Giraniya atomê
81,916801752 ± 0,000001042 Da
g-factor
0,32512 ± 0,00012
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,282 ± 0,007 h
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,697 ± 0,01
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

83Br

Hejmara baristeyî83
neutron number48
Giraniya atomê
82,915175285 ± 0,000004073 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,374 ± 0,004 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

84Br

Hejmara baristeyî84
neutron number49
Giraniya atomê
83,916496417 ± 0,000027622 Da
g-factor
0,95 ± 0,35
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
31,76 ± 0,08 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

85Br

Hejmara baristeyî85
neutron number50
Giraniya atomê
84,915645758 ± 0,000003304 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,9 ± 0,06 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

86Br

Hejmara baristeyî86
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
85,918805432 ± 0,000003304 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55,1 ± 0,4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

87Br

Hejmara baristeyî87
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
86,920674016 ± 0,000003404 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55,68 ± 0,12 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.6%

88Br

Hejmara baristeyî88
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
87,92408329 ± 0,000003404 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,34 ± 0,08 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.58%

89Br

Hejmara baristeyî89
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
88,926704558 ± 0,000003504 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,357 ± 0,022 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)13.8%

90Br

Hejmara baristeyî90
neutron number55
Giraniya atomê
89,931292848 ± 0,000003604 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,91 ± 0,01 s
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1959
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)25.3%

91Br

Hejmara baristeyî91
neutron number56
Giraniya atomê
90,934398617 ± 0,000003804 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
543 ± 4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)29.5%

92Br

Hejmara baristeyî92
neutron number57
Giraniya atomê
91,939631595 ± 0,000007202 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
314 ± 16 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)33.1%
2n (2-neutron emission)

93Br

Hejmara baristeyî93
neutron number58
Giraniya atomê
92,94322 ± 0,0004625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
152 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)64%
2n (2-neutron emission)

94Br

Hejmara baristeyî94
neutron number59
Giraniya atomê
93,948846 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
70 ± 20 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)68%
2n (2-neutron emission)

95Br

Hejmara baristeyî95
neutron number60
Giraniya atomê
94,952925 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

96Br

Hejmara baristeyî96
neutron number61
Giraniya atomê
95,95898 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

97Br

Hejmara baristeyî97
neutron number62
Giraniya atomê
96,963499 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

98Br

Hejmara baristeyî98
neutron number63
Giraniya atomê
97,969887 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Bromine vial in acrylic cube

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerAntoine J. Balard
location of discoveryFrance
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1826
BêjenasîGreek: brômos (stench).
pronunciationBRO-meen (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,4 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
67,3 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00029 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00012 %
natural abundance (Roj)
Abundance in Universe
0,0000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.7529
2p3.9436
2s9.3566
3d15.4409
3p15.4292
3s14.7815
4p25.972
4s24.4472