Brom

Brom (Br)

chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35
Atomic Number35
Atomic Weight79.904
Numri i masës79
Group17
Period4
Blockp
protoni35 p+
neutroni44 n0
elektroni35 e-
Animated Bohr model of Br (Brom)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
115 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
114 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
196 pm
Crystal Radius
182 pm
Van der Waals radius
185 pm
density
3,1028 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Brom020406080100120140160180200pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
554,4 kJ/mol
electron affinity
3,3635882 eV/particle
ionization energy
11,81381 eV/particle
ionization energy of Br (Brom)
enthalpy of vaporization
29,56 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
10,57 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
111,85 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 7
Bohr model: Br (Brom)
valence electron7
Lewis structure: Br (Brom)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p5
Enhanced Bohr model of Br (Brom)
Orbital Diagram of Br (Brom)
oxidation number-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7
Elektronegativiteti
2.96
Electrophilicity Index
3,4075054710599915 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesLiquid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
331,95 K
Melting Point
265,95 K
critical pressure
10,34 MPa
critical temperature
588,15 K
triple point
265,9 K
5,879 kPa
appearance
Ngjyra
Red
appearance
refractive index
1,001132
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,005 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
75,69 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,474 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeInsulator
electrical conductivity
0,0000000000000001 MS/m
electrical resistivity
10 000 000 000 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000049 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000783 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000153
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
6,67 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
1,9 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Shpejtësia e zërit
klasifikim
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number100
Mendeleev Number108
Pettifor Number98
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
531,2 kJ/mol
polarizability
21 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
162 a₀
allotropeDibromine
Neutron cross section
6,8
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,002
numër kuantik2P3/2
space group64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Bromine

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes32
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition7950.65%7950.65%8149.35%8149.35%

65Br

Numri i masës65
numri i neutroneve30
relative atomic mass
64,982297 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

66Br

Numri i masës66
numri i neutroneve31
relative atomic mass
65,974697 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

67Br

Numri i masës67
numri i neutroneve32
relative atomic mass
66,965078 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

68Br

Numri i masës68
numri i neutroneve33
relative atomic mass
67,958356 ± 0,000278 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1995
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

69Br

Numri i masës69
numri i neutroneve34
relative atomic mass
68,95033841 ± 0,000045091 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1988
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%

70Br

Numri i masës70
numri i neutroneve35
relative atomic mass
69,944792321 ± 0,000016 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
78,8 ± 0,3 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1978
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

71Br

Numri i masës71
numri i neutroneve36
relative atomic mass
70,939342153 ± 0,000005799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,4 ± 0,6 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

72Br

Numri i masës72
numri i neutroneve37
relative atomic mass
71,936594606 ± 0,0000011 Da
g-factor
0,6 ± 0,1
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
78,6 ± 2,4 s
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

73Br

Numri i masës73
numri i neutroneve38
relative atomic mass
72,931673441 ± 0,000007237 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,4 ± 0,2 m
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

74Br

Numri i masës74
numri i neutroneve39
relative atomic mass
73,929910279 ± 0,000006264 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,4 ± 0,3 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

75Br

Numri i masës75
numri i neutroneve40
relative atomic mass
74,925810566 ± 0,0000046 Da
g-factor
0,50666666666667 ± 0,12
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
96,7 ± 1,3 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

76Br

Numri i masës76
numri i neutroneve41
relative atomic mass
75,924541574 ± 0,000010007 Da
g-factor
0,5477 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,2 ± 0,2 h
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,251 ± 0,004
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

77Br

Numri i masës77
numri i neutroneve42
relative atomic mass
76,921379193 ± 0,000003017 Da
g-factor
0,64873333333333 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
57,04 ± 0,12 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,5 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

78Br

Numri i masës78
numri i neutroneve43
relative atomic mass
77,921145858 ± 0,000003842 Da
g-factor
0,13 ± 0,03
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,45 ± 0,04 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)0.01%

79Br

Numri i masës79
numri i neutroneve44
relative atomic mass
78,918337574 ± 0,000001074 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
50,65 ± 0,09
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,3087 ± 0,0002
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity-

80Br

Numri i masës80
numri i neutroneve45
relative atomic mass
79,918529784 ± 0,000001065 Da
g-factor
0,5135 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,68 ± 0,02 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,182 ± 0,003
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)91.7%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)8.3%

81Br

Numri i masës81
numri i neutroneve46
relative atomic mass
80,916288197 ± 0,000001049 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
49,35 ± 0,09
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity-

82Br

Numri i masës82
numri i neutroneve47
relative atomic mass
81,916801752 ± 0,000001042 Da
g-factor
0,32512 ± 0,00012
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,282 ± 0,007 h
Spini5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,697 ± 0,01
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

83Br

Numri i masës83
numri i neutroneve48
relative atomic mass
82,915175285 ± 0,000004073 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,374 ± 0,004 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

84Br

Numri i masës84
numri i neutroneve49
relative atomic mass
83,916496417 ± 0,000027622 Da
g-factor
0,95 ± 0,35
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
31,76 ± 0,08 m
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1943
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

85Br

Numri i masës85
numri i neutroneve50
relative atomic mass
84,915645758 ± 0,000003304 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,9 ± 0,06 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1943
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

86Br

Numri i masës86
numri i neutroneve51
relative atomic mass
85,918805432 ± 0,000003304 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55,1 ± 0,4 s
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1962
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

87Br

Numri i masës87
numri i neutroneve52
relative atomic mass
86,920674016 ± 0,000003404 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55,68 ± 0,12 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1943
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.6%

88Br

Numri i masës88
numri i neutroneve53
relative atomic mass
87,92408329 ± 0,000003404 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,34 ± 0,08 s
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.58%

89Br

Numri i masës89
numri i neutroneve54
relative atomic mass
88,926704558 ± 0,000003504 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,357 ± 0,022 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1959
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)13.8%

90Br

Numri i masës90
numri i neutroneve55
relative atomic mass
89,931292848 ± 0,000003604 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,91 ± 0,01 s
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1959
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)25.3%

91Br

Numri i masës91
numri i neutroneve56
relative atomic mass
90,934398617 ± 0,000003804 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
543 ± 4 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1974
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)29.5%

92Br

Numri i masës92
numri i neutroneve57
relative atomic mass
91,939631595 ± 0,000007202 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
314 ± 16 ms
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1974
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)33.1%
2n (2-neutron emission)

93Br

Numri i masës93
numri i neutroneve58
relative atomic mass
92,94322 ± 0,0004625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
152 ± 8 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)64%
2n (2-neutron emission)

94Br

Numri i masës94
numri i neutroneve59
relative atomic mass
93,948846 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
70 ± 20 ms
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)68%
2n (2-neutron emission)

95Br

Numri i masës95
numri i neutroneve60
relative atomic mass
94,952925 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

96Br

Numri i masës96
numri i neutroneve61
relative atomic mass
95,95898 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

97Br

Numri i masës97
numri i neutroneve62
relative atomic mass
96,963499 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

98Br

Numri i masës98
numri i neutroneve63
relative atomic mass
97,969887 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Bromine vial in acrylic cube

historia

zbuluesAntoine J. Balard
vendndodhja e zbulimitFrance
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1826
EtimologjiaGreek: brômos (stench).
pronunciationBRO-meen (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,4 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
67,3 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,00029 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00012 %
natural abundance (Diell)
Abundance in Universe
0,0000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.7529
2p3.9436
2s9.3566
3d15.4409
3p15.4292
3s14.7815
4p25.972
4s24.4472