Hlor

Hlor (Cl)

hemijski element sa simbolom Cl i atomskim brojem 17
Atomic Number17
Atomic Weight35.45
Maseni broj35
Group17
Period3
Blockp
Proton17 p+
Neutron18 n0
Elektron17 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Cl (Hlor)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
100 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
99 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
181 pm
Crystal Radius
167 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
175 pm
gustoća
0,002898 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Hlor0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
513,6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
3,612725 eV/particle
ionization energy
12,96763 eV/particle
ionization energy of Cl (Hlor)
Toplota isparavanja
20,41 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
6,41 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
121,302 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 7
Bohrov model atoma: Cl (Hlor)
Valentni elektron7
Lewis structure: Cl (Hlor)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Cl (Hlor)
Orbital Diagram of Cl (Hlor)
oksidacijsko stanje-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Elektronegativnost
3.16
Electrophilicity Index
3,673315922583194 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeGas
gaseous state of matterDiatomic
Boiling Point
239,11 K
Melting Point
171,65 K
critical pressure
7,991 MPa
Kritična temperatura
417,05 K
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Yellow
appearancepale yellow-green gas
Indeks prelamanja
1,000773
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,009 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
33,949 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,479 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio7/5
electrical properties
typeInsulator
Specifična električna provodljivost
0,00000001 MS/m
electrical resistivity
100 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000072 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000511 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000000231
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
6,24 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
1,1 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Brzina zvuka
206 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number101
Mendeleev Number107
Pettifor Number99
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
490,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
14,6 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
94,6 a₀
allotropeDichlorine
Neutron cross section
35,3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,033
Kvantni brojevi2P3/2
space group64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Chlorine

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes23
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition3575.80%3575.80%3724.20%3724.20%

28Cl

Maseni broj28
broj neutrona11
relative atomic mass
28,030349 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

29Cl

Maseni broj29
broj neutrona12
relative atomic mass
29,015053 ± 0,000203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,4 ± 1,9 zs
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

30Cl

Maseni broj30
broj neutrona13
relative atomic mass
30,005018333 ± 0,000025631 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

31Cl

Maseni broj31
broj neutrona14
relative atomic mass
30,992448097 ± 0,0000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
190 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.4%

32Cl

Maseni broj32
broj neutrona15
relative atomic mass
31,985684605 ± 0,000000603 Da
g-factor
1,115 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
298 ± 1 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.054%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.026%

33Cl

Maseni broj33
broj neutrona16
relative atomic mass
32,977451988 ± 0,000000419 Da
g-factor
0,50313333333333 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,5038 ± 0,0022 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

34Cl

Maseni broj34
broj neutrona17
relative atomic mass
33,97376249 ± 0,000000052 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,5267 ± 0,0004 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

35Cl

Maseni broj35
broj neutrona18
relative atomic mass
34,968852694 ± 0,000000038 Da
g-factor
0,5478 ± 0,000013333333333333
natural abundance
75,8 ± 0,2
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0817 ± 0,0008
datum otkrića1919
parity+

36Cl

Maseni broj36
broj neutrona19
relative atomic mass
35,968306822 ± 0,000000038 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
301,3 ± 1,5 ky
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,178 ± 0,004
datum otkrića1941
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)98.1%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)1.9%

37Cl

Maseni broj37
broj neutrona20
relative atomic mass
36,965902573 ± 0,000000055 Da
g-factor
0,456 ± 0,0000066666666666667
natural abundance
24,2 ± 0,2
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0644 ± 0,0006
datum otkrića1919
parity+

38Cl

Maseni broj38
broj neutrona21
relative atomic mass
37,968010408 ± 0,000000105 Da
g-factor
1,025 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
37,23 ± 0,014 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

39Cl

Maseni broj39
broj neutrona22
relative atomic mass
38,968008151 ± 0,000001859 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
56,2 ± 0,6 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

40Cl

Maseni broj40
broj neutrona23
relative atomic mass
39,970415466 ± 0,000034423 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,35 ± 0,03 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

41Cl

Maseni broj41
broj neutrona24
relative atomic mass
40,970684525 ± 0,000073777 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,4 ± 0,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

42Cl

Maseni broj42
broj neutrona25
relative atomic mass
41,973342 ± 0,000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,8 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

43Cl

Maseni broj43
broj neutrona26
relative atomic mass
42,9740637 ± 0,000066407 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,13 ± 0,09 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

44Cl

Maseni broj44
broj neutrona27
relative atomic mass
43,978014918 ± 0,000091859 Da
g-factor
0,2749 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
562 ± 106 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

45Cl

Maseni broj45
broj neutrona28
relative atomic mass
44,980394353 ± 0,000146177 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
413 ± 25 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24%

46Cl

Maseni broj46
broj neutrona29
relative atomic mass
45,985254926 ± 0,0001044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
232 ± 2 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)60%
2n (2-neutron emission)

47Cl

Maseni broj47
broj neutrona30
relative atomic mass
46,989715 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
101 ± 5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%
2n (2-neutron emission)

48Cl

Maseni broj48
broj neutrona31
relative atomic mass
47,995405 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

49Cl

Maseni broj49
broj neutrona32
relative atomic mass
49,000794 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

50Cl

Maseni broj50
broj neutrona33
relative atomic mass
50,008266 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2009
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

51Cl

Maseni broj51
broj neutrona34
relative atomic mass
51,015341 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

52Cl

Maseni broj52
broj neutrona35
relative atomic mass
52,024004 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Chlorine liquid in an ampoule

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljCarl Wilhelm Scheele
mjesto otkrićaSweden
datum otkrića1774
EtimologijaGreek: chlôros (greenish yellow).
pronunciationKLOR-een (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
145 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
19.400 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
0,12 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,037 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0008 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4761
2p4.0068
2s5.5696
3p10.8839
3s9.9317