Kloroa

Kloroa (Cl)

17 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number17
Atomic Weight35.45
masa-zenbaki35
Group17
Period3
Blockp
protoi17 p+
neutroi18 n0
elektroi17 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Cl (Kloroa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
100 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
99 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
181 pm
Crystal Radius
167 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
175 pm
dentsitatea
0,002898 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Kloroa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
513,6 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
3,612725 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
12,96763 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Cl (Kloroa)
Irakite-entalpia
20,41 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
6,41 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
121,302 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 7
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Cl (Kloroa)
balentzia-elektroi7
Lewis egitura: Cl (Kloroa)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Cl (Kloroa)
Orbital Diagram of Cl (Kloroa)
Oxidazio-egoera-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Elektronegatibotasun
3.16
Electrophilicity Index
3,673315922583194 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraGas
materiaren egoera gaseosoDiatomic
Boiling Point
239,11 K
Melting Point
171,65 K
critical pressure
7,991 MPa
critical temperature
417,05 K
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Yellow
appearancepale yellow-green gas
errefrakzio-indize
1,000773
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,009 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
molar heat capacity
33,949 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,479 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko7/5
electrical properties
typeInsulator
Eroankortasun elektriko
0,00000001 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
100 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000072 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000000511 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000000231
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
6,24 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
1,1 GPa
Zizaila modulua
Youngen modulu
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
206 m/s
classification
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number101
Mendeleev Number107
Pettifor Number99
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
490,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
14,6 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
94,6 a₀
allotropeDichlorine
Neutron cross section
35,3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,033
zenbaki kuantiko2P3/2
talde espazial64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Chlorine

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes23
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition3575.80%3575.80%3724.20%3724.20%

28Cl

masa-zenbaki28
neutron number11
atomo-masa erlatibo
28,030349 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

29Cl

masa-zenbaki29
neutron number12
atomo-masa erlatibo
29,015053 ± 0,000203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,4 ± 1,9 zs
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

30Cl

masa-zenbaki30
neutron number13
atomo-masa erlatibo
30,005018333 ± 0,000025631 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

31Cl

masa-zenbaki31
neutron number14
atomo-masa erlatibo
30,992448097 ± 0,0000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
190 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.4%

32Cl

masa-zenbaki32
neutron number15
atomo-masa erlatibo
31,985684605 ± 0,000000603 Da
g-factor
1,115 ± 0,006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
298 ± 1 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.054%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.026%

33Cl

masa-zenbaki33
neutron number16
atomo-masa erlatibo
32,977451988 ± 0,000000419 Da
g-factor
0,50313333333333 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,5038 ± 0,0022 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

34Cl

masa-zenbaki34
neutron number17
atomo-masa erlatibo
33,97376249 ± 0,000000052 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,5267 ± 0,0004 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

35Cl

masa-zenbaki35
neutron number18
atomo-masa erlatibo
34,968852694 ± 0,000000038 Da
g-factor
0,5478 ± 0,000013333333333333
natural abundance
75,8 ± 0,2
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0817 ± 0,0008
aurkikuntza-data1919
parity+

36Cl

masa-zenbaki36
neutron number19
atomo-masa erlatibo
35,968306822 ± 0,000000038 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
301,3 ± 1,5 ky
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,178 ± 0,004
aurkikuntza-data1941
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)98.1%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)1.9%

37Cl

masa-zenbaki37
neutron number20
atomo-masa erlatibo
36,965902573 ± 0,000000055 Da
g-factor
0,456 ± 0,0000066666666666667
natural abundance
24,2 ± 0,2
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0644 ± 0,0006
aurkikuntza-data1919
parity+

38Cl

masa-zenbaki38
neutron number21
atomo-masa erlatibo
37,968010408 ± 0,000000105 Da
g-factor
1,025 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
37,23 ± 0,014 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

39Cl

masa-zenbaki39
neutron number22
atomo-masa erlatibo
38,968008151 ± 0,000001859 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
56,2 ± 0,6 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

40Cl

masa-zenbaki40
neutron number23
atomo-masa erlatibo
39,970415466 ± 0,000034423 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,35 ± 0,03 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

41Cl

masa-zenbaki41
neutron number24
atomo-masa erlatibo
40,970684525 ± 0,000073777 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
38,4 ± 0,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

42Cl

masa-zenbaki42
neutron number25
atomo-masa erlatibo
41,973342 ± 0,000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,8 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

43Cl

masa-zenbaki43
neutron number26
atomo-masa erlatibo
42,9740637 ± 0,000066407 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,13 ± 0,09 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

44Cl

masa-zenbaki44
neutron number27
atomo-masa erlatibo
43,978014918 ± 0,000091859 Da
g-factor
0,2749 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
562 ± 106 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

45Cl

masa-zenbaki45
neutron number28
atomo-masa erlatibo
44,980394353 ± 0,000146177 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
413 ± 25 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24%

46Cl

masa-zenbaki46
neutron number29
atomo-masa erlatibo
45,985254926 ± 0,0001044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
232 ± 2 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)60%
2n (2-neutron emission)

47Cl

masa-zenbaki47
neutron number30
atomo-masa erlatibo
46,989715 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
101 ± 5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%
2n (2-neutron emission)

48Cl

masa-zenbaki48
neutron number31
atomo-masa erlatibo
47,995405 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

49Cl

masa-zenbaki49
neutron number32
atomo-masa erlatibo
49,000794 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

50Cl

masa-zenbaki50
neutron number33
atomo-masa erlatibo
50,008266 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

51Cl

masa-zenbaki51
neutron number34
atomo-masa erlatibo
51,015341 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

52Cl

masa-zenbaki52
neutron number35
atomo-masa erlatibo
52,024004 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Chlorine liquid in an ampoule

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaCarl Wilhelm Scheele
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSweden
aurkikuntza-data1774
etimologiaGreek: chlôros (greenish yellow).
pronunciationKLOR-een (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
145 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
19.400 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,12 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,037 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0008 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4761
2p4.0068
2s5.5696
3p10.8839
3s9.9317