Klor

Klor (Cl)

chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17
Atomski broj17
Relativna atomska masa35.45
Maseni broj35
Skupina17
Perioda3
Blokp
proton17 p+
neutron18 n0
elektron17 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Cl (Klor)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
100 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
99 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
181 pm
Crystal Radius
167 pm
Van der Waals radius
175 pm
gustoća
0,002898 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Klor0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
513,6 kJ/mol
Elektronski afinitet
3,612725 eV/particle
ionization energy
12,96763 eV/particle
ionization energy of Cl (Klor)
Toplina isparivanja
20,41 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
6,41 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
121,302 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 7
Bohrov model atoma: Cl (Klor)
valence electron7
Lewis structure: Cl (Klor)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Cl (Klor)
Orbital Diagram of Cl (Klor)
Oksidacijski broj-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Elektronegativnost
3.16
Electrophilicity Index
3,673315922583194 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjePlinovito
gaseous state of matterDiatomic
Vrelište
239,11 K
Talište
171,65 K
critical pressure
7,991 MPa
critical temperature
417,05 K
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Žuta
appearancepale yellow-green gas
Indeks prelamanja
1,000773
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
0,009 W/(m K)
Toplinsko istezanje
molar heat capacity
33,949 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,479 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio7/5
electrical properties
typeInsulator
electrical conductivity
0,00000001 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
100 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
−0,0000000072 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
−0,000000000511 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
−0,0000000231
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaBazno centrirana ortorombična (ORC)
lattice constant
6,24 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
1,1 GPa
shear modulus
Youngov modul elastičnosti
Poissonov omjer
brzina zvuka
206 m/s
classification
KategorijaHalogeni elementi, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number101
Mendeleev Number107
Pettifor Number99
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
490,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
14,6 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
94,6 a₀
allotropeDichlorine
Nuklearni udarni presjek
35,3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,033
Kvantni brojevi2P3/2
space group64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Chlorine

Stabilni izotopi2
Nestabilni izotopi23
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition3575.80%3575.80%3724.20%3724.20%

28Cl

Maseni broj28
neutron number11
Relativna atomska masa
28,030349 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

29Cl

Maseni broj29
neutron number12
Relativna atomska masa
29,015053 ± 0,000203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,4 ± 1,9 zs
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1993
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

30Cl

Maseni broj30
neutron number13
Relativna atomska masa
30,005018333 ± 0,000025631 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

31Cl

Maseni broj31
neutron number14
Relativna atomska masa
30,992448097 ± 0,0000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
190 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.4%

32Cl

Maseni broj32
neutron number15
Relativna atomska masa
31,985684605 ± 0,000000603 Da
g-factor
1,115 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
298 ± 1 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1953
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.054%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.026%

33Cl

Maseni broj33
neutron number16
Relativna atomska masa
32,977451988 ± 0,000000419 Da
g-factor
0,50313333333333 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,5038 ± 0,0022 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1940
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

34Cl

Maseni broj34
neutron number17
Relativna atomska masa
33,97376249 ± 0,000000052 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,5267 ± 0,0004 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

35Cl

Maseni broj35
neutron number18
Relativna atomska masa
34,968852694 ± 0,000000038 Da
g-factor
0,5478 ± 0,000013333333333333
natural abundance
75,8 ± 0,2
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0817 ± 0,0008
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1919
Parnost+

36Cl

Maseni broj36
neutron number19
Relativna atomska masa
35,968306822 ± 0,000000038 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
301,3 ± 1,5 ky
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,178 ± 0,004
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1941
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)98.1%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)1.9%

37Cl

Maseni broj37
neutron number20
Relativna atomska masa
36,965902573 ± 0,000000055 Da
g-factor
0,456 ± 0,0000066666666666667
natural abundance
24,2 ± 0,2
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0644 ± 0,0006
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1919
Parnost+

38Cl

Maseni broj38
neutron number21
Relativna atomska masa
37,968010408 ± 0,000000105 Da
g-factor
1,025 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
37,23 ± 0,014 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1940
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

39Cl

Maseni broj39
neutron number22
Relativna atomska masa
38,968008151 ± 0,000001859 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
56,2 ± 0,6 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

40Cl

Maseni broj40
neutron number23
Relativna atomska masa
39,970415466 ± 0,000034423 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,35 ± 0,03 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1956
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

41Cl

Maseni broj41
neutron number24
Relativna atomska masa
40,970684525 ± 0,000073777 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,4 ± 0,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

42Cl

Maseni broj42
neutron number25
Relativna atomska masa
41,973342 ± 0,000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,8 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

43Cl

Maseni broj43
neutron number26
Relativna atomska masa
42,9740637 ± 0,000066407 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,13 ± 0,09 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1976
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

44Cl

Maseni broj44
neutron number27
Relativna atomska masa
43,978014918 ± 0,000091859 Da
g-factor
0,2749 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
562 ± 106 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1979
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

45Cl

Maseni broj45
neutron number28
Relativna atomska masa
44,980394353 ± 0,000146177 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
413 ± 25 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1979
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24%

46Cl

Maseni broj46
neutron number29
Relativna atomska masa
45,985254926 ± 0,0001044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
232 ± 2 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1989
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)60%
2n (2-neutron emission)

47Cl

Maseni broj47
neutron number30
Relativna atomska masa
46,989715 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
101 ± 5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1989
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%
2n (2-neutron emission)

48Cl

Maseni broj48
neutron number31
Relativna atomska masa
47,995405 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1989
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

49Cl

Maseni broj49
neutron number32
Relativna atomska masa
49,000794 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1989
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

50Cl

Maseni broj50
neutron number33
Relativna atomska masa
50,008266 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2009
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

51Cl

Maseni broj51
neutron number34
Relativna atomska masa
51,015341 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1990
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

52Cl

Maseni broj52
neutron number35
Relativna atomska masa
52,024004 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Chlorine liquid in an ampoule

povijest

otkrio/izumioCarl Wilhelm Scheele
location of discoverySweden
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1774
EtimologijaGreek: chlôros (greenish yellow).
pronunciationKLOR-een (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
145 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
19.400 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
0,12 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,037 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0008 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4761
2p4.0068
2s5.5696
3p10.8839
3s9.9317