Hlor, ²Klori

Hlor, ²Klori (Cl)

chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17
Atomic Number17
Atomic Weight35.45
Numri i masës35
Group17
Period3
Blockp
protoni17 p+
neutroni18 n0
elektroni17 e-
Animated Bohr model of Cl (Hlor, ²Klori)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
100 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
99 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
181 pm
Crystal Radius
167 pm
Van der Waals radius
175 pm
density
0,002898 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Hlor, ²Klori0153045607590105120135150165180pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
513,6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
3,612725 eV/particle
ionization energy
12,96763 eV/particle
ionization energy of Cl (Hlor, ²Klori)
enthalpy of vaporization
20,41 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
6,41 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
121,302 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 7
Bohr model: Cl (Hlor, ²Klori)
valence electron7
Lewis structure: Cl (Hlor, ²Klori)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Ne] 3s2 3p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
Enhanced Bohr model of Cl (Hlor, ²Klori)
Orbital Diagram of Cl (Hlor, ²Klori)
oxidation number-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Elektronegativiteti
3.16
Electrophilicity Index
3,673315922583194 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesGas
gaseous state of matterDiatomic
Boiling Point
239,11 K
Melting Point
171,65 K
critical pressure
7,991 MPa
critical temperature
417,05 K
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Yellow
appearancepale yellow-green gas
refractive index
1,000773
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,009 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
33,949 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,479 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio7/5
electrical properties
typeInsulator
electrical conductivity
0,00000001 MS/m
electrical resistivity
100 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000072 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000511 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000000231
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
6,24 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
1,1 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Shpejtësia e zërit
206 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number101
Mendeleev Number107
Pettifor Number99
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
490,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
14,6 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
94,6 a₀
allotropeDichlorine
Neutron cross section
35,3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,033
numër kuantik2P3/2
space group64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Chlorine

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes23
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition3575.80%3575.80%3724.20%3724.20%

28Cl

Numri i masës28
numri i neutroneve11
relative atomic mass
28,030349 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%

29Cl

Numri i masës29
numri i neutroneve12
relative atomic mass
29,015053 ± 0,000203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,4 ± 1,9 zs
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1993
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%

30Cl

Numri i masës30
numri i neutroneve13
relative atomic mass
30,005018333 ± 0,000025631 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%

31Cl

Numri i masës31
numri i neutroneve14
relative atomic mass
30,992448097 ± 0,0000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
190 ± 1 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1977
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.4%

32Cl

Numri i masës32
numri i neutroneve15
relative atomic mass
31,985684605 ± 0,000000603 Da
g-factor
1,115 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
298 ± 1 ms
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1953
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.054%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.026%

33Cl

Numri i masës33
numri i neutroneve16
relative atomic mass
32,977451988 ± 0,000000419 Da
g-factor
0,50313333333333 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5038 ± 0,0022 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

34Cl

Numri i masës34
numri i neutroneve17
relative atomic mass
33,97376249 ± 0,000000052 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,5267 ± 0,0004 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1934
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

35Cl

Numri i masës35
numri i neutroneve18
relative atomic mass
34,968852694 ± 0,000000038 Da
g-factor
0,5478 ± 0,000013333333333333
natural abundance
75,8 ± 0,2
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0817 ± 0,0008
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1919
parity+

36Cl

Numri i masës36
numri i neutroneve19
relative atomic mass
35,968306822 ± 0,000000038 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
301,3 ± 1,5 ky
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,178 ± 0,004
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1941
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)98.1%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)1.9%

37Cl

Numri i masës37
numri i neutroneve20
relative atomic mass
36,965902573 ± 0,000000055 Da
g-factor
0,456 ± 0,0000066666666666667
natural abundance
24,2 ± 0,2
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0644 ± 0,0006
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1919
parity+

38Cl

Numri i masës38
numri i neutroneve21
relative atomic mass
37,968010408 ± 0,000000105 Da
g-factor
1,025 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
37,23 ± 0,014 m
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

39Cl

Numri i masës39
numri i neutroneve22
relative atomic mass
38,968008151 ± 0,000001859 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56,2 ± 0,6 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1949
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

40Cl

Numri i masës40
numri i neutroneve23
relative atomic mass
39,970415466 ± 0,000034423 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,35 ± 0,03 m
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1956
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

41Cl

Numri i masës41
numri i neutroneve24
relative atomic mass
40,970684525 ± 0,000073777 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,4 ± 0,8 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

42Cl

Numri i masës42
numri i neutroneve25
relative atomic mass
41,973342 ± 0,000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,8 ± 0,3 s
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

43Cl

Numri i masës43
numri i neutroneve26
relative atomic mass
42,9740637 ± 0,000066407 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,13 ± 0,09 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1976
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

44Cl

Numri i masës44
numri i neutroneve27
relative atomic mass
43,978014918 ± 0,000091859 Da
g-factor
0,2749 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
562 ± 106 ms
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

45Cl

Numri i masës45
numri i neutroneve28
relative atomic mass
44,980394353 ± 0,000146177 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
413 ± 25 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24%

46Cl

Numri i masës46
numri i neutroneve29
relative atomic mass
45,985254926 ± 0,0001044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
232 ± 2 ms
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)60%
2n (2-neutron emission)

47Cl

Numri i masës47
numri i neutroneve30
relative atomic mass
46,989715 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
101 ± 5 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%
2n (2-neutron emission)

48Cl

Numri i masës48
numri i neutroneve31
relative atomic mass
47,995405 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

49Cl

Numri i masës49
numri i neutroneve32
relative atomic mass
49,000794 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

50Cl

Numri i masës50
numri i neutroneve33
relative atomic mass
50,008266 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

51Cl

Numri i masës51
numri i neutroneve34
relative atomic mass
51,015341 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1990
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

52Cl

Numri i masës52
numri i neutroneve35
relative atomic mass
52,024004 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Chlorine liquid in an ampoule

historia

zbuluesCarl Wilhelm Scheele
vendndodhja e zbulimitSweden
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1774
EtimologjiaGreek: chlôros (greenish yellow).
pronunciationKLOR-een (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
145 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
19 400 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,12 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,037 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,0008 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4761
2p4.0068
2s5.5696
3p10.8839
3s9.9317