Koper

Koper (Cu)

chemical element with symbol Cu and atomic number 29
Atomic Number29
Atomic Weight63.546
Massagetal63
Group11
Period4
Blockd
proton29 p+
neutron34 n0
elektron29 e-
Animated Bohr model of Cu (Koper)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
112 pm
Metallic Radius
118 pm
Ioonradius
46 pm
Crystal Radius
60 pm
Van der Waals radius
196 pm
density
8,96 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Koper020406080100120140160180200pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
655,3 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,72638 eV/particle
ionization energy of Cu (Koper)
Verdampingswarmte
304,6 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
13,01 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
337,4 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 1
Bohr model: Cu (Koper)
Valenselektrone1
Lewisteorie: Cu (Koper)
elektronkonfigurasie[Ar] 3d10 4s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Cu (Koper)
Orbital Diagram of Cu (Koper)
Oksidasietoestand-2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1,546403297611602 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 833,15 K
Melting Point
1 357,77 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Copper
appearancered-orange metallic luster
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000165 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,44 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,385 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
59 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,000000017 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetisme
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,00000000108 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,0000000000686 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,00000963
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,61 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
3 MPa
Massamodulus
140 GPa
Skuifmodulus
48 GPa
Young se modulus
130 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
0,34
Spoed van klank
3 570 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIB
IUPAC GroupIB
Glawe Number68
Mendeleev Number71
Pettifor Number72
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
632,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
46,5 ± 0,5 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
253 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
3,78
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0021
quantum number2S1/2
Ruimtegroep225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Copper

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition6369.15%6369.15%6530.85%6530.85%

52Cu

Massagetal52
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
51,997982 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

53Cu

Massagetal53
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
52,985894 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

54Cu

Massagetal54
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
53,977198 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

55Cu

Massagetal55
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
54,966038 ± 0,000167 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
55,9 ± 1,5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

56Cu

Massagetal56
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
55,958529278 ± 0,000006864 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
80,8 ± 0,6 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.4%

57Cu

Massagetal57
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
56,949211686 ± 0,000000537 Da
g-factor
1,7213333333333 ± 0,0046666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
196,4 ± 0,7 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

58Cu

Massagetal58
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
57,944532283 ± 0,000000604 Da
g-factor
0,571 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,204 ± 0,007 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

59Cu

Massagetal59
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
58,939496713 ± 0,000000566 Da
g-factor
1,2620666666667 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
81,5 ± 0,5 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

60Cu

Massagetal60
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
59,937363787 ± 0,000001731 Da
g-factor
0,61 ± 0,00025
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
23,7 ± 0,4 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Cu

Massagetal61
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
60,933457375 ± 0,00000102 Da
g-factor
1,4071333333333 ± 0,00033333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,343 ± 0,016 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Cu

Massagetal62
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
61,932594803 ± 0,000000683 Da
g-factor
-0,38 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,672 ± 0,008 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1936
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Cu

Massagetal63
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
62,929597119 ± 0,000000457 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
69,15 ± 0,15
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,22 ± 0,015
ontdekkingsdatum1923
parity-

64Cu

Massagetal64
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
63,929764001 ± 0,000000458 Da
g-factor
-0,2166 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
12,7004 ± 0,0013 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1936
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)61.52%
β (β decay)38.48%

65Cu

Massagetal65
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
64,927789476 ± 0,00000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
30,85 ± 0,15
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,204 ± 0,014
ontdekkingsdatum1923
parity-

66Cu

Massagetal66
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
65,928868804 ± 0,000000696 Da
g-factor
-0,2826 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,12 ± 0,014 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

67Cu

Massagetal67
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
66,92772949 ± 0,000000957 Da
g-factor
1,6780666666667 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
61,83 ± 0,12 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

68Cu

Massagetal68
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
67,929610887 ± 0,0000017 Da
g-factor
2,396 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
30,9 ± 0,6 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

69Cu

Massagetal69
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
68,929429267 ± 0,0000015 Da
g-factor
1,8943333333333 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,85 ± 0,15 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Cu

Massagetal70
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
69,932392078 ± 0,000001161 Da
g-factor
0,22801666666667 ± 0,000083333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
44,5 ± 0,2 s
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

71Cu

Massagetal71
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
70,932676831 ± 0,0000016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
19,4 ± 1,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Cu

Massagetal72
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
71,935820306 ± 0,0000015 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6,63 ± 0,03 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Cu

Massagetal73
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
72,936674376 ± 0,000002084 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,2 ± 0,12 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.029%

74Cu

Massagetal74
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
73,93987486 ± 0,0000066 Da
g-factor
-0,5335 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,606 ± 0,009 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.075%

75Cu

Massagetal75
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
74,941523817 ± 0,00000077 Da
g-factor
0,40276 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,224 ± 0,003 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.7%

76Cu

Massagetal76
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
75,945268974 ± 0,00000098 Da
g-factor
-0,36356666666667 ± 0,0005
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
637,7 ± 5,5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.2%

77Cu

Massagetal77
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
76,947543599 ± 0,0000013 Da
g-factor
0,63852 ± 0,00068
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
470,3 ± 1,7 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)30.1%

78Cu

Massagetal78
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
77,951916524 ± 0,000014312 Da
g-factor
0,039666666666667 ± 0,0005
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
330,7 ± 2 ms
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1991
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50.6%
2n (2-neutron emission)

79Cu

Massagetal79
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
78,9544731 ± 0,0001127 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
241,3 ± 2,1 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1991
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)66%
2n (2-neutron emission)

80Cu

Massagetal80
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
79,960623 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
113,3 ± 6,4 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1995
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)58%
2n (2-neutron emission)

81Cu

Massagetal81
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
80,965743 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
73,2 ± 6,8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)81%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Cu

Massagetal82
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
81,972378 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
34 ± 7 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Cu

Massagetal83
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
82,97811 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2017
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Cu

Massagetal84
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
83,985271 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
NatCopper

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurKnown to the ancients.
ligging van ontdekking
ontdekkingsdatum
etimologieSymbol from Latin: cuprum (island of Cyprus famed for its copper mines).
uitspraakKOP-er (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,00025 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,0001 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,011 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,00007 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6614
2p3.903
2s7.9802
3d15.7994
3p14.2694
3s13.4057
4s23.1576