Bakër, ²Bakri

Bakër, ²Bakri (Cu)

chemical element with symbol Cu and atomic number 29
Atomic Number29
Atomic Weight63.546
Numri i masës63
Group11
Period4
Blockd
protoni29 p+
neutroni34 n0
elektroni29 e-
Animated Bohr model of Cu (Bakër, ²Bakri)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
112 pm
Metallic Radius
118 pm
ionic radius
46 pm
Crystal Radius
60 pm
Van der Waals radius
196 pm
density
8,96 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Bakër, ²Bakri020406080100120140160180200pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
655,3 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,72638 eV/particle
ionization energy of Cu (Bakër, ²Bakri)
enthalpy of vaporization
304,6 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
13,01 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
337,4 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 1
Bohr model: Cu (Bakër, ²Bakri)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Cu (Bakër, ²Bakri)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Ar] 3d10 4s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Cu (Bakër, ²Bakri)
Orbital Diagram of Cu (Bakër, ²Bakri)
oxidation number-2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativiteti
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1,546403297611602 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 833,15 K
Melting Point
1 357,77 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Copper
appearancered-orange metallic luster
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000165 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,44 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,385 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
59 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,000000017 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,00000000108 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,0000000000686 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,00000963
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,61 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
3 MPa
bulk modulus
140 GPa
shear modulus
48 GPa
Young's modulus
130 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,34
Shpejtësia e zërit
3 570 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIB
IUPAC GroupIB
Glawe Number68
Mendeleev Number71
Pettifor Number72
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
632,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
46,5 ± 0,5 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
253 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
3,78
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0021
numër kuantik2S1/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Copper

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition6369.15%6369.15%6530.85%6530.85%

52Cu

Numri i masës52
numri i neutroneve23
relative atomic mass
51,997982 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

53Cu

Numri i masës53
numri i neutroneve24
relative atomic mass
52,985894 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

54Cu

Numri i masës54
numri i neutroneve25
relative atomic mass
53,977198 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

55Cu

Numri i masës55
numri i neutroneve26
relative atomic mass
54,966038 ± 0,000167 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55,9 ± 1,5 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

56Cu

Numri i masës56
numri i neutroneve27
relative atomic mass
55,958529278 ± 0,000006864 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
80,8 ± 0,6 ms
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.4%

57Cu

Numri i masës57
numri i neutroneve28
relative atomic mass
56,949211686 ± 0,000000537 Da
g-factor
1,7213333333333 ± 0,0046666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
196,4 ± 0,7 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1976
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

58Cu

Numri i masës58
numri i neutroneve29
relative atomic mass
57,944532283 ± 0,000000604 Da
g-factor
0,571 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,204 ± 0,007 s
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

59Cu

Numri i masës59
numri i neutroneve30
relative atomic mass
58,939496713 ± 0,000000566 Da
g-factor
1,2620666666667 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
81,5 ± 0,5 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1947
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

60Cu

Numri i masës60
numri i neutroneve31
relative atomic mass
59,937363787 ± 0,000001731 Da
g-factor
0,61 ± 0,00025
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,7 ± 0,4 m
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1947
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Cu

Numri i masës61
numri i neutroneve32
relative atomic mass
60,933457375 ± 0,00000102 Da
g-factor
1,4071333333333 ± 0,00033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,343 ± 0,016 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Cu

Numri i masës62
numri i neutroneve33
relative atomic mass
61,932594803 ± 0,000000683 Da
g-factor
-0,38 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,672 ± 0,008 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1936
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Cu

Numri i masës63
numri i neutroneve34
relative atomic mass
62,929597119 ± 0,000000457 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
69,15 ± 0,15
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,22 ± 0,015
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1923
parity-

64Cu

Numri i masës64
numri i neutroneve35
relative atomic mass
63,929764001 ± 0,000000458 Da
g-factor
-0,2166 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,7004 ± 0,0013 h
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1936
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)61.52%
β (β decay)38.48%

65Cu

Numri i masës65
numri i neutroneve36
relative atomic mass
64,927789476 ± 0,00000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
30,85 ± 0,15
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,204 ± 0,014
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1923
parity-

66Cu

Numri i masës66
numri i neutroneve37
relative atomic mass
65,928868804 ± 0,000000696 Da
g-factor
-0,2826 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,12 ± 0,014 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

67Cu

Numri i masës67
numri i neutroneve38
relative atomic mass
66,92772949 ± 0,000000957 Da
g-factor
1,6780666666667 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
61,83 ± 0,12 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

68Cu

Numri i masës68
numri i neutroneve39
relative atomic mass
67,929610887 ± 0,0000017 Da
g-factor
2,396 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,9 ± 0,6 s
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1953
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

69Cu

Numri i masës69
numri i neutroneve40
relative atomic mass
68,929429267 ± 0,0000015 Da
g-factor
1,8943333333333 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,85 ± 0,15 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

70Cu

Numri i masës70
numri i neutroneve41
relative atomic mass
69,932392078 ± 0,000001161 Da
g-factor
0,22801666666667 ± 0,000083333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
44,5 ± 0,2 s
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

71Cu

Numri i masës71
numri i neutroneve42
relative atomic mass
70,932676831 ± 0,0000016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,4 ± 1,4 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

72Cu

Numri i masës72
numri i neutroneve43
relative atomic mass
71,935820306 ± 0,0000015 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,63 ± 0,03 s
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

73Cu

Numri i masës73
numri i neutroneve44
relative atomic mass
72,936674376 ± 0,000002084 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,2 ± 0,12 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.029%

74Cu

Numri i masës74
numri i neutroneve45
relative atomic mass
73,93987486 ± 0,0000066 Da
g-factor
-0,5335 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,606 ± 0,009 s
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.075%

75Cu

Numri i masës75
numri i neutroneve46
relative atomic mass
74,941523817 ± 0,00000077 Da
g-factor
0,40276 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,224 ± 0,003 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1985
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.7%

76Cu

Numri i masës76
numri i neutroneve47
relative atomic mass
75,945268974 ± 0,00000098 Da
g-factor
-0,36356666666667 ± 0,0005
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
637,7 ± 5,5 ms
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.2%

77Cu

Numri i masës77
numri i neutroneve48
relative atomic mass
76,947543599 ± 0,0000013 Da
g-factor
0,63852 ± 0,00068
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
470,3 ± 1,7 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)30.1%

78Cu

Numri i masës78
numri i neutroneve49
relative atomic mass
77,951916524 ± 0,000014312 Da
g-factor
0,039666666666667 ± 0,0005
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
330,7 ± 2 ms
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1991
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50.6%
2n (2-neutron emission)

79Cu

Numri i masës79
numri i neutroneve50
relative atomic mass
78,9544731 ± 0,0001127 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
241,3 ± 2,1 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1991
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)66%
2n (2-neutron emission)

80Cu

Numri i masës80
numri i neutroneve51
relative atomic mass
79,960623 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
113,3 ± 6,4 ms
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1995
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)58%
2n (2-neutron emission)

81Cu

Numri i masës81
numri i neutroneve52
relative atomic mass
80,965743 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
73,2 ± 6,8 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)81%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Cu

Numri i masës82
numri i neutroneve53
relative atomic mass
81,972378 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
34 ± 7 ms
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Cu

Numri i masës83
numri i neutroneve54
relative atomic mass
82,97811 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2017
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Cu

Numri i masës84
numri i neutroneve55
relative atomic mass
83,985271 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
NatCopper

historia

zbuluesKnown to the ancients.
vendndodhja e zbulimit
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
EtimologjiaSymbol from Latin: cuprum (island of Cyprus famed for its copper mines).
pronunciationKOP-er (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,00025 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,0001 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,011 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,00007 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6614
2p3.903
2s7.9802
3d15.7994
3p14.2694
3s13.4057
4s23.1576