Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij

Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij (Dy)

hemijski element sa simbolom Dy i atomskim brojem 66
Atomic Number66
Atomic Weight162.5
Maseni broj164
Group
Period6
Blockf
Proton66 p+
Neutron98 n0
Elektron66 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Dy (Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
175 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
167 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
107 pm
Crystal Radius
121 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
231 pm
gustoća
8,55 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
5,93905 eV/particle
ionization energy of Dy (Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij)
Toplota isparavanja
291 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
standard enthalpy of formation
290,4 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Dy (Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij)
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: Dy (Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f10 6s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Dy (Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij)
Orbital Diagram of Dy (Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij)
oksidacijsko stanje0, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativnost
1.22
Electrophilicity Index
0,8854697492974827 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2.840,15 K
Melting Point
1.685,15 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery white
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
10,7 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,00001 1/K
molar heat capacity
28,16 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,173 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
1,1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000091 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000545 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000885625 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,046603
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
87 K
Néel temperature
178 K
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,59 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
41 GPa
shear modulus
25 GPa
Young's modulus
61 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,25
Brzina zvuka
2.710 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number24
Mendeleev Number31
Pettifor Number25
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
163 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
950
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,2
Kvantni brojevi5I8
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Dysprosium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition16428.26%16428.26%16225.48%16225.48%16324.90%16324.90%16118.89%16118.89%1602.33%1602.33%1560.06%1560.06%1580.10%1580.10%

138Dy

Maseni broj138
broj neutrona72
relative atomic mass
137,9625 ± 0,00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

139Dy

Maseni broj139
broj neutrona73
relative atomic mass
138,959527 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
600 ± 200 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)11%

140Dy

Maseni broj140
broj neutrona74
relative atomic mass
139,95402 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2002
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

141Dy

Maseni broj141
broj neutrona75
relative atomic mass
140,95128 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
900 ± 140 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1984
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

142Dy

Maseni broj142
broj neutrona76
relative atomic mass
141,946194 ± 0,000782 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,3 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)90%
ϵ (electron capture)10%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.06%

143Dy

Maseni broj143
broj neutrona77
relative atomic mass
142,943994332 ± 0,000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,6 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

144Dy

Maseni broj144
broj neutrona78
relative atomic mass
143,939269512 ± 0,0000077 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,1 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

145Dy

Maseni broj145
broj neutrona79
relative atomic mass
144,937473992 ± 0,000007 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,5 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

146Dy

Maseni broj146
broj neutrona80
relative atomic mass
145,932844526 ± 0,000007187 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
33,2 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

147Dy

Maseni broj147
broj neutrona81
relative atomic mass
146,931082712 ± 0,0000095 Da
g-factor
-1,83 ± 0,018
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
67 ± 7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.05%

148Dy

Maseni broj148
broj neutrona82
relative atomic mass
147,927149944 ± 0,000009365 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,3 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

149Dy

Maseni broj149
broj neutrona83
relative atomic mass
148,927327516 ± 0,000009858 Da
g-factor
-0,034 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,2 ± 0,14 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,62 ± 0,05
datum otkrića1958
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

150Dy

Maseni broj150
broj neutrona84
relative atomic mass
149,925593068 ± 0,000004636 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,17 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66.4%
α (α emission)33.6%

151Dy

Maseni broj151
broj neutrona85
relative atomic mass
150,926191279 ± 0,000003486 Da
g-factor
-0,27 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,9 ± 0,3 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,3 ± 0,05
datum otkrića1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.4%
α (α emission)5.6%

152Dy

Maseni broj152
broj neutrona86
relative atomic mass
151,924725274 ± 0,00000493 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,38 ± 0,02 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)99.9%
α (α emission)0.1%

153Dy

Maseni broj153
broj neutrona87
relative atomic mass
152,925771729 ± 0,000004295 Da
g-factor
-0,20342857142857 ± 0,0017142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,4 ± 0,1 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,15 ± 0,09
datum otkrića1958
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9906%
α (α emission)0.0094%

154Dy

Maseni broj154
broj neutrona88
relative atomic mass
153,92442892 ± 0,000007977 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3 ± 1,5 My
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

155Dy

Maseni broj155
broj neutrona89
relative atomic mass
154,925758049 ± 0,000010354 Da
g-factor
-0,22466666666667 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,9 ± 0,2 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,96 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1958
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

156Dy

Maseni broj156
broj neutrona90
relative atomic mass
155,924283593 ± 0,00000106 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,056 ± 0,003
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

157Dy

Maseni broj157
broj neutrona91
relative atomic mass
156,925469555 ± 0,000005532 Da
g-factor
-0,20066666666667 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,14 ± 0,04 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,29 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1953
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

158Dy

Maseni broj158
broj neutrona92
relative atomic mass
157,924414817 ± 0,000002509 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,095 ± 0,003
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

159Dy

Maseni broj159
broj neutrona93
relative atomic mass
158,925745938 ± 0,000001544 Da
g-factor
-0,236 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
144,4 ± 0,2 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,37 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

160Dy

Maseni broj160
broj neutrona94
relative atomic mass
159,925203578 ± 0,000000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,329 ± 0,018
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1938
parity+

161Dy

Maseni broj161
broj neutrona95
relative atomic mass
160,926939425 ± 0,000000748 Da
g-factor
-0,1916 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
18,889 ± 0,042
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,51 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1934
parity+

162Dy

Maseni broj162
broj neutrona96
relative atomic mass
161,926804507 ± 0,000000746 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
25,475 ± 0,036
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

163Dy

Maseni broj163
broj neutrona97
relative atomic mass
162,928737221 ± 0,000000744 Da
g-factor
0,2684 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
24,896 ± 0,042
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,65 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1934
parity-

164Dy

Maseni broj164
broj neutrona98
relative atomic mass
163,929180819 ± 0,000000746 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
28,26 ± 0,054
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

165Dy

Maseni broj165
broj neutrona99
relative atomic mass
164,931709402 ± 0,000000748 Da
g-factor
-0,148 ± 0,0017142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,332 ± 0,004 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,48 ± 0,07
datum otkrića1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

166Dy

Maseni broj166
broj neutrona100
relative atomic mass
165,93281281 ± 0,000000862 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
81,6 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

167Dy

Maseni broj167
broj neutrona101
relative atomic mass
166,935682415 ± 0,0000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,2 ± 0,08 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

168Dy

Maseni broj168
broj neutrona102
relative atomic mass
167,937134977 ± 0,000150303 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,7 ± 0,3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

169Dy

Maseni broj169
broj neutrona103
relative atomic mass
168,940315231 ± 0,000322781 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39 ± 8 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1990
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

170Dy

Maseni broj170
broj neutrona104
relative atomic mass
169,94234 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
54,9 ± 8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

171Dy

Maseni broj171
broj neutrona105
relative atomic mass
170,946312 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,07 ± 0,4 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Dy

Maseni broj172
broj neutrona106
relative atomic mass
171,948728 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,4 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Dy

Maseni broj173
broj neutrona107
relative atomic mass
172,953043 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,43 ± 0,2 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

174Dy

Maseni broj174
broj neutrona108
relative atomic mass
173,955845 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

175Dy

Maseni broj175
broj neutrona109
relative atomic mass
174,960569 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

176Dy

Maseni broj176
broj neutrona110
relative atomic mass
175,963918 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Dysprosium1

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljPaul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
mjesto otkrićaFrance
datum otkrića1886
EtimologijaGreek: dysprositos (hard to get at).
pronunciationdis-PRO-si-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
5,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,00000091 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,000027 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.2914
2p4.3204
2s17.2906
3d13.6701
3p20.1195
3s20.6067
4d34.982
4f39.464
4p32.174
4s31.408
5p48.873
5s46.696
6s57.6564