Disprosioa

Disprosioa (Dy)

Zenbaki atomikoa 66 duen elementu kimikoa. Lur arraroen multzoko metal zuria eta oso bakana da
Atomic Number66
Atomic Weight162.5
masa-zenbaki164
Group
Period6
Blockf
protoi66 p+
neutroi98 n0
elektroi66 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Dy (Disprosioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
175 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
167 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
107 pm
Crystal Radius
121 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
231 pm
dentsitatea
8,55 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Disprosioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
5,93905 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Dy (Disprosioa)
Irakite-entalpia
291 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
formazio entalpia estandarra
290,4 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Dy (Disprosioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Dy (Disprosioa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f10 6s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Dy (Disprosioa)
Orbital Diagram of Dy (Disprosioa)
Oxidazio-egoera0, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatibotasun
1.22
Electrophilicity Index
0,8854697492974827 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
2.840,15 K
Melting Point
1.685,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
10,7 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,00001 1/K
molar heat capacity
28,16 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,173 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
1,1 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000091 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,00000545 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000885625 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,046603
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
87 K
Néel temperature
178 K
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,59 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
41 GPa
Zizaila modulua
25 GPa
Youngen modulu
61 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,25
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.710 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number24
Mendeleev Number31
Pettifor Number25
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
163 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
950
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,2
zenbaki kuantiko5I8
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Dysprosium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition16428.26%16428.26%16225.48%16225.48%16324.90%16324.90%16118.89%16118.89%1602.33%1602.33%1560.06%1560.06%1580.10%1580.10%

138Dy

masa-zenbaki138
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
137,9625 ± 0,00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

139Dy

masa-zenbaki139
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
138,959527 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
600 ± 200 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)11%

140Dy

masa-zenbaki140
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
139,95402 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2002
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

141Dy

masa-zenbaki141
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
140,95128 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
900 ± 140 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1984
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

142Dy

masa-zenbaki142
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
141,946194 ± 0,000782 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,3 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)90%
ϵ (electron capture)10%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.06%

143Dy

masa-zenbaki143
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
142,943994332 ± 0,000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,6 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

144Dy

masa-zenbaki144
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
143,939269512 ± 0,0000077 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,1 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

145Dy

masa-zenbaki145
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
144,937473992 ± 0,000007 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,5 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

146Dy

masa-zenbaki146
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
145,932844526 ± 0,000007187 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
33,2 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

147Dy

masa-zenbaki147
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
146,931082712 ± 0,0000095 Da
g-factor
−1,83 ± 0,018
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
67 ± 7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.05%

148Dy

masa-zenbaki148
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
147,927149944 ± 0,000009365 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,3 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

149Dy

masa-zenbaki149
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
148,927327516 ± 0,000009858 Da
g-factor
−0,034 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,2 ± 0,14 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,62 ± 0,05
aurkikuntza-data1958
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

150Dy

masa-zenbaki150
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
149,925593068 ± 0,000004636 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,17 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66.4%
α (α emission)33.6%

151Dy

masa-zenbaki151
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
150,926191279 ± 0,000003486 Da
g-factor
−0,27 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17,9 ± 0,3 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,3 ± 0,05
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.4%
α (α emission)5.6%

152Dy

masa-zenbaki152
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
151,924725274 ± 0,00000493 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,38 ± 0,02 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)99.9%
α (α emission)0.1%

153Dy

masa-zenbaki153
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
152,925771729 ± 0,000004295 Da
g-factor
−0,20342857142857 ± 0,0017142857142857
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,4 ± 0,1 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,15 ± 0,09
aurkikuntza-data1958
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9906%
α (α emission)0.0094%

154Dy

masa-zenbaki154
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
153,92442892 ± 0,000007977 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3 ± 1,5 My
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

155Dy

masa-zenbaki155
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
154,925758049 ± 0,000010354 Da
g-factor
−0,22466666666667 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,9 ± 0,2 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,96 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1958
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

156Dy

masa-zenbaki156
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
155,924283593 ± 0,00000106 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,056 ± 0,003
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

157Dy

masa-zenbaki157
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
156,925469555 ± 0,000005532 Da
g-factor
−0,20066666666667 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,14 ± 0,04 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,29 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

158Dy

masa-zenbaki158
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
157,924414817 ± 0,000002509 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,095 ± 0,003
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

159Dy

masa-zenbaki159
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
158,925745938 ± 0,000001544 Da
g-factor
−0,236 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
144,4 ± 0,2 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,37 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

160Dy

masa-zenbaki160
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
159,925203578 ± 0,000000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,329 ± 0,018
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity+

161Dy

masa-zenbaki161
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
160,926939425 ± 0,000000748 Da
g-factor
−0,1916 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
18,889 ± 0,042
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,51 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

162Dy

masa-zenbaki162
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
161,926804507 ± 0,000000746 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
25,475 ± 0,036
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

163Dy

masa-zenbaki163
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
162,928737221 ± 0,000000744 Da
g-factor
0,2684 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
24,896 ± 0,042
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,65 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity-

164Dy

masa-zenbaki164
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
163,929180819 ± 0,000000746 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
28,26 ± 0,054
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

165Dy

masa-zenbaki165
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
164,931709402 ± 0,000000748 Da
g-factor
−0,148 ± 0,0017142857142857
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,332 ± 0,004 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,48 ± 0,07
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

166Dy

masa-zenbaki166
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
165,93281281 ± 0,000000862 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
81,6 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

167Dy

masa-zenbaki167
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
166,935682415 ± 0,0000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,2 ± 0,08 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

168Dy

masa-zenbaki168
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
167,937134977 ± 0,000150303 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,7 ± 0,3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

169Dy

masa-zenbaki169
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
168,940315231 ± 0,000322781 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
39 ± 8 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1990
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

170Dy

masa-zenbaki170
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
169,94234 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
54,9 ± 8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

171Dy

masa-zenbaki171
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
170,946312 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,07 ± 0,4 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Dy

masa-zenbaki172
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
171,948728 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,4 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Dy

masa-zenbaki173
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
172,953043 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,43 ± 0,2 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

174Dy

masa-zenbaki174
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
173,955845 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

175Dy

masa-zenbaki175
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
174,960569 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

176Dy

masa-zenbaki176
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
175,963918 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Dysprosium1

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaPaul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
aurkikuntzaren lekuaFrance
aurkikuntza-data1886
etimologiaGreek: dysprositos (hard to get at).
pronunciationdis-PRO-si-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
5,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00000091 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000027 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.2914
2p4.3204
2s17.2906
3d13.6701
3p20.1195
3s20.6067
4d34.982
4f39.464
4p32.174
4s31.408
5p48.873
5s46.696
6s57.6564