Disprozij

Disprozij (Dy)

element with the atomic number of 66
Atomski broj66
Relativna atomska masa162.5
Maseni broj164
Skupina
Perioda6
Blokf
proton66 p+
neutron98 n0
elektron66 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Dy (Disprozij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
175 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
167 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
107 pm
Crystal Radius
121 pm
Van der Waals radius
231 pm
gustoća
8,55 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Disprozij0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
5,93905 eV/particle
ionization energy of Dy (Disprozij)
Toplina isparivanja
291 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
standard enthalpy of formation
290,4 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Dy (Disprozij)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Dy (Disprozij)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f10 6s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Dy (Disprozij)
Orbital Diagram of Dy (Disprozij)
Oksidacijski broj0, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativnost
1.22
Electrophilicity Index
0,8854697492974827 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
2.840,15 K
Talište
1.685,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearancesilvery white
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
10,7 W/(m K)
Toplinsko istezanje
0,00001 1/K
molar heat capacity
28,16 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,173 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1,1 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,00000091 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,00000545 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,000000885625 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,046603
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
87 K
Néel temperature
178 K
struktura
Kristalna strukturaJednostavna heksagonska (HEX)
lattice constant
3,59 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
41 GPa
shear modulus
25 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
61 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,25
brzina zvuka
2.710 m/s
classification
KategorijaLantanoidi, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number24
Mendeleev Number31
Pettifor Number25
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
163 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
950
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,2
Kvantni brojevi5I8
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Dysprosium

Stabilni izotopi5
Nestabilni izotopi34
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition16428.26%16428.26%16225.48%16225.48%16324.90%16324.90%16118.89%16118.89%1602.33%1602.33%1560.06%1560.06%1580.10%1580.10%

138Dy

Maseni broj138
neutron number72
Relativna atomska masa
137,9625 ± 0,00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

139Dy

Maseni broj139
neutron number73
Relativna atomska masa
138,959527 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
600 ± 200 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1999
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)11%

140Dy

Maseni broj140
neutron number74
Relativna atomska masa
139,95402 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2002
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

141Dy

Maseni broj141
neutron number75
Relativna atomska masa
140,95128 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
900 ± 140 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1984
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

142Dy

Maseni broj142
neutron number76
Relativna atomska masa
141,946194 ± 0,000782 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,3 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1986
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)90%
ϵ (electron capture)10%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.06%

143Dy

Maseni broj143
neutron number77
Relativna atomska masa
142,943994332 ± 0,000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,6 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1983
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

144Dy

Maseni broj144
neutron number78
Relativna atomska masa
143,939269512 ± 0,0000077 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,1 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1986
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

145Dy

Maseni broj145
neutron number79
Relativna atomska masa
144,937473992 ± 0,000007 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,5 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

146Dy

Maseni broj146
neutron number80
Relativna atomska masa
145,932844526 ± 0,000007187 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
33,2 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1981
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

147Dy

Maseni broj147
neutron number81
Relativna atomska masa
146,931082712 ± 0,0000095 Da
g-factor
−1,83 ± 0,018
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
67 ± 7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1975
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.05%

148Dy

Maseni broj148
neutron number82
Relativna atomska masa
147,927149944 ± 0,000009365 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,3 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1974
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

149Dy

Maseni broj149
neutron number83
Relativna atomska masa
148,927327516 ± 0,000009858 Da
g-factor
−0,034 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,2 ± 0,14 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,62 ± 0,05
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1958
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

150Dy

Maseni broj150
neutron number84
Relativna atomska masa
149,925593068 ± 0,000004636 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,17 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1959
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66.4%
α (α emission)33.6%

151Dy

Maseni broj151
neutron number85
Relativna atomska masa
150,926191279 ± 0,000003486 Da
g-factor
−0,27 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,9 ± 0,3 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,3 ± 0,05
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1959
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.4%
α (α emission)5.6%

152Dy

Maseni broj152
neutron number86
Relativna atomska masa
151,924725274 ± 0,00000493 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,38 ± 0,02 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1958
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)99.9%
α (α emission)0.1%

153Dy

Maseni broj153
neutron number87
Relativna atomska masa
152,925771729 ± 0,000004295 Da
g-factor
−0,20342857142857 ± 0,0017142857142857
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,4 ± 0,1 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,15 ± 0,09
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1958
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9906%
α (α emission)0.0094%

154Dy

Maseni broj154
neutron number88
Relativna atomska masa
153,92442892 ± 0,000007977 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3 ± 1,5 My
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1961
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

155Dy

Maseni broj155
neutron number89
Relativna atomska masa
154,925758049 ± 0,000010354 Da
g-factor
−0,22466666666667 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,9 ± 0,2 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,96 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1958
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

156Dy

Maseni broj156
neutron number90
Relativna atomska masa
155,924283593 ± 0,00000106 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,056 ± 0,003
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

157Dy

Maseni broj157
neutron number91
Relativna atomska masa
156,925469555 ± 0,000005532 Da
g-factor
−0,20066666666667 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,14 ± 0,04 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,29 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1953
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

158Dy

Maseni broj158
neutron number92
Relativna atomska masa
157,924414817 ± 0,000002509 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,095 ± 0,003
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1938
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

159Dy

Maseni broj159
neutron number93
Relativna atomska masa
158,925745938 ± 0,000001544 Da
g-factor
−0,236 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
144,4 ± 0,2 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,37 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

160Dy

Maseni broj160
neutron number94
Relativna atomska masa
159,925203578 ± 0,000000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,329 ± 0,018
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1938
Parnost+

161Dy

Maseni broj161
neutron number95
Relativna atomska masa
160,926939425 ± 0,000000748 Da
g-factor
−0,1916 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
18,889 ± 0,042
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,51 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

162Dy

Maseni broj162
neutron number96
Relativna atomska masa
161,926804507 ± 0,000000746 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
25,475 ± 0,036
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

163Dy

Maseni broj163
neutron number97
Relativna atomska masa
162,928737221 ± 0,000000744 Da
g-factor
0,2684 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
24,896 ± 0,042
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,65 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost-

164Dy

Maseni broj164
neutron number98
Relativna atomska masa
163,929180819 ± 0,000000746 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
28,26 ± 0,054
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

165Dy

Maseni broj165
neutron number99
Relativna atomska masa
164,931709402 ± 0,000000748 Da
g-factor
−0,148 ± 0,0017142857142857
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,332 ± 0,004 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,48 ± 0,07
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1935
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

166Dy

Maseni broj166
neutron number100
Relativna atomska masa
165,93281281 ± 0,000000862 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
81,6 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

167Dy

Maseni broj167
neutron number101
Relativna atomska masa
166,935682415 ± 0,0000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,2 ± 0,08 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

168Dy

Maseni broj168
neutron number102
Relativna atomska masa
167,937134977 ± 0,000150303 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,7 ± 0,3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

169Dy

Maseni broj169
neutron number103
Relativna atomska masa
168,940315231 ± 0,000322781 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39 ± 8 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1990
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

170Dy

Maseni broj170
neutron number104
Relativna atomska masa
169,94234 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
54,9 ± 8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

171Dy

Maseni broj171
neutron number105
Relativna atomska masa
170,946312 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,07 ± 0,4 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Dy

Maseni broj172
neutron number106
Relativna atomska masa
171,948728 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,4 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Dy

Maseni broj173
neutron number107
Relativna atomska masa
172,953043 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,43 ± 0,2 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

174Dy

Maseni broj174
neutron number108
Relativna atomska masa
173,955845 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

175Dy

Maseni broj175
neutron number109
Relativna atomska masa
174,960569 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

176Dy

Maseni broj176
neutron number110
Relativna atomska masa
175,963918 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Dysprosium1

povijest

otkrio/izumioPaul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
location of discoveryFrance
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1886
EtimologijaGreek: dysprositos (hard to get at).
pronunciationdis-PRO-si-em (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
5,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,00000091 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000027 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000002 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.2914
2p4.3204
2s17.2906
3d13.6701
3p20.1195
3s20.6067
4d34.982
4f39.464
4p32.174
4s31.408
5p48.873
5s46.696
6s57.6564