Disprosium

Disprosium (Dy)

element with the atomic number of 66
Atomic Number66
Atomic Weight162.5
Nombor jisim164
Group
Period6
Blockf
proton66 p+
neutron98 n0
Elektron66 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Dy (Disprosium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
175 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
167 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
107 pm
Crystal Radius
121 pm
Jejari van der Waals
231 pm
ketumpatan
8.55 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Disprosium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
5.93905 eV/particle
ionization energy of Dy (Disprosium)
Entalpi pengewapan
291 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
standard enthalpy of formation
290.4 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
Model Bohr: Dy (Disprosium)
Elektron valens2
Teori ion Lewis: Dy (Disprosium)
tatarajah elektron[Xe] 4f10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f10 6s2
Enhanced Model Bohr of Dy (Disprosium)
Orbital Diagram of Dy (Disprosium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan0, 2, 3, 4
Keelektronegatifan
1.22
Electrophilicity Index
0.8854697492974827 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2,840.15 K
Melting Point
1,685.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery white
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
10.7 W/(m K)
Pengembangan terma
0.00001 1/K
molar heat capacity
28.16 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.173 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
1.1 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.00000091 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.00000545 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000885625 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.046603
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
87 K
Néel temperature
178 K
struktur
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3.59 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
Modulus pukal
41 GPa
shear modulus
25 GPa
Young's modulus
61 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.25
Kelajuan bunyi
2,710 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number24
Mendeleev Number31
Pettifor Number25
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
163 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
950
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.2
Nombor kuantum5I8
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Dysprosium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition16428.26%16428.26%16225.48%16225.48%16324.90%16324.90%16118.89%16118.89%1602.33%1602.33%1560.06%1560.06%1580.10%1580.10%

138Dy

Nombor jisim138
nombor neutron72
jisim atom relatif
137.9625 ± 0.00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

139Dy

Nombor jisim139
nombor neutron73
jisim atom relatif
138.959527 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
600 ± 200 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1999
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)11%

140Dy

Nombor jisim140
nombor neutron74
jisim atom relatif
139.95402 ± 0.00043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2002
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

141Dy

Nombor jisim141
nombor neutron75
jisim atom relatif
140.95128 ± 0.00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
900 ± 140 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1984
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

142Dy

Nombor jisim142
nombor neutron76
jisim atom relatif
141.946194 ± 0.000782 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.3 ± 0.3 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1986
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)90%
ϵ (electron capture)10%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.06%

143Dy

Nombor jisim143
nombor neutron77
jisim atom relatif
142.943994332 ± 0.000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.6 ± 1 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1983
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

144Dy

Nombor jisim144
nombor neutron78
jisim atom relatif
143.939269512 ± 0.0000077 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.1 ± 0.4 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1986
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

145Dy

Nombor jisim145
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
144.937473992 ± 0.000007 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.5 ± 1 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1982
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

146Dy

Nombor jisim146
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
145.932844526 ± 0.000007187 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
33.2 ± 0.7 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1981
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

147Dy

Nombor jisim147
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
146.931082712 ± 0.0000095 Da
g-factor
-1.83 ± 0.018
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
67 ± 7 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1975
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.05%

148Dy

Nombor jisim148
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
147.927149944 ± 0.000009365 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.3 ± 0.2 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1974
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

149Dy

Nombor jisim149
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
148.927327516 ± 0.000009858 Da
g-factor
-0.034 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.2 ± 0.14 m
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.62 ± 0.05
tarikh penemuan1958
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

150Dy

Nombor jisim150
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
149.925593068 ± 0.000004636 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
7.17 ± 0.05 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1959
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66.4%
α (α emission)33.6%

151Dy

Nombor jisim151
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
150.926191279 ± 0.000003486 Da
g-factor
-0.27 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
17.9 ± 0.3 m
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.3 ± 0.05
tarikh penemuan1959
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.4%
α (α emission)5.6%

152Dy

Nombor jisim152
nombor neutron86
jisim atom relatif
151.924725274 ± 0.00000493 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.38 ± 0.02 h
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1958
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)99.9%
α (α emission)0.1%

153Dy

Nombor jisim153
nombor neutron87
jisim atom relatif
152.925771729 ± 0.000004295 Da
g-factor
-0.20342857142857 ± 0.0017142857142857
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.4 ± 0.1 h
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.15 ± 0.09
tarikh penemuan1958
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9906%
α (α emission)0.0094%

154Dy

Nombor jisim154
nombor neutron88
jisim atom relatif
153.92442892 ± 0.000007977 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3 ± 1.5 My
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1961
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

155Dy

Nombor jisim155
nombor neutron89
jisim atom relatif
154.925758049 ± 0.000010354 Da
g-factor
-0.22466666666667 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.9 ± 0.2 h
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.96 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1958
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

156Dy

Nombor jisim156
nombor neutron90
jisim atom relatif
155.924283593 ± 0.00000106 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.056 ± 0.003
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

157Dy

Nombor jisim157
nombor neutron91
jisim atom relatif
156.925469555 ± 0.000005532 Da
g-factor
-0.20066666666667 ± 0.0013333333333333
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.14 ± 0.04 h
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.29 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1953
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

158Dy

Nombor jisim158
nombor neutron92
jisim atom relatif
157.924414817 ± 0.000002509 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.095 ± 0.003
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1938
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

159Dy

Nombor jisim159
nombor neutron93
jisim atom relatif
158.925745938 ± 0.000001544 Da
g-factor
-0.236 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
144.4 ± 0.2 d
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.37 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1951
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

160Dy

Nombor jisim160
nombor neutron94
jisim atom relatif
159.925203578 ± 0.000000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2.329 ± 0.018
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1938
parity+

161Dy

Nombor jisim161
nombor neutron95
jisim atom relatif
160.926939425 ± 0.000000748 Da
g-factor
-0.1916 ± 0.0012
natural abundance
18.889 ± 0.042
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.51 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

162Dy

Nombor jisim162
nombor neutron96
jisim atom relatif
161.926804507 ± 0.000000746 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
25.475 ± 0.036
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

163Dy

Nombor jisim163
nombor neutron97
jisim atom relatif
162.928737221 ± 0.000000744 Da
g-factor
0.2684 ± 0.0016
natural abundance
24.896 ± 0.042
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.65 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1934
parity-

164Dy

Nombor jisim164
nombor neutron98
jisim atom relatif
163.929180819 ± 0.000000746 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
28.26 ± 0.054
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

165Dy

Nombor jisim165
nombor neutron99
jisim atom relatif
164.931709402 ± 0.000000748 Da
g-factor
-0.148 ± 0.0017142857142857
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.332 ± 0.004 h
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.48 ± 0.07
tarikh penemuan1935
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

166Dy

Nombor jisim166
nombor neutron100
jisim atom relatif
165.93281281 ± 0.000000862 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
81.6 ± 0.1 h
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

167Dy

Nombor jisim167
nombor neutron101
jisim atom relatif
166.935682415 ± 0.0000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.2 ± 0.08 m
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1960
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

168Dy

Nombor jisim168
nombor neutron102
jisim atom relatif
167.937134977 ± 0.000150303 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.7 ± 0.3 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1982
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

169Dy

Nombor jisim169
nombor neutron103
jisim atom relatif
168.940315231 ± 0.000322781 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
39 ± 8 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1990
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

170Dy

Nombor jisim170
nombor neutron104
jisim atom relatif
169.94234 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
54.9 ± 8 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

171Dy

Nombor jisim171
nombor neutron105
jisim atom relatif
170.946312 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.07 ± 0.4 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

172Dy

Nombor jisim172
nombor neutron106
jisim atom relatif
171.948728 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.4 ± 0.2 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2012
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

173Dy

Nombor jisim173
nombor neutron107
jisim atom relatif
172.953043 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.43 ± 0.2 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

174Dy

Nombor jisim174
nombor neutron108
jisim atom relatif
173.955845 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2012
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

175Dy

Nombor jisim175
nombor neutron109
jisim atom relatif
174.960569 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2018
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

176Dy

Nombor jisim176
nombor neutron110
jisim atom relatif
175.963918 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2018
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Dysprosium1

sejarah

penemu atau perekaPaul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
tempat penemuanFrance
tarikh penemuan1886
EtimologiGreek: dysprositos (hard to get at).
sebutandis-PRO-si-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
5.2 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.00000091 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.000027 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.0000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.2914
2p4.3204
2s17.2906
3d13.6701
3p20.1195
3s20.6067
4d34.982
4f39.464
4p32.174
4s31.408
5p48.873
5s46.696
6s57.6564