Erbioa

Erbioa (Er)

Zenbaki atomikoa 68 duen elementu kimikoa. Lur arraroen multzoko metala da.
Atomic Number68
Atomic Weight167.259
masa-zenbaki166
Group
Period6
Blockf
protoi68 p+
neutroi98 n0
elektroi68 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Er (Erbioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
175 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
165 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
89 pm
Crystal Radius
103 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
229 pm
dentsitatea
9,07 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Erbioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
ionizazio energia of Er (Erbioa)
Irakite-entalpia
317 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
formazio entalpia estandarra
316,4 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 30, 8, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Er (Erbioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Er (Erbioa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f12 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f12 6s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Er (Erbioa)
Orbital Diagram of Er (Erbioa)
Oxidazio-egoera0, 2, 3
Elektronegatibotasun
1.24
Electrophilicity Index
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
3.141,15 K
Melting Point
1.802,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000122 1/K
molar heat capacity
28,12 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,168 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
1,2 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000086 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,00000377 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000630566 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0341788
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
32 K
Néel temperature
82 K
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,56 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
44 GPa
Zizaila modulua
28 GPa
Youngen modulu
70 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,24
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.830 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number22
Mendeleev Number35
Pettifor Number23
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
150 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
165
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,036
zenbaki kuantiko3H6
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Erbium

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes36
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition16633.50%16633.50%16826.98%16826.98%16722.87%16722.87%17014.91%17014.91%1641.60%1641.60%1620.14%1620.14%

142Er

masa-zenbaki142
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
141,970016 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

143Er

masa-zenbaki143
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
142,966548 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2005
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

144Er

masa-zenbaki144
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
143,9607 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

145Er

masa-zenbaki145
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
144,957874 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
900 ± 200 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

146Er

masa-zenbaki146
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
145,952418357 ± 0,000007197 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,7 ± 0,6 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

147Er

masa-zenbaki147
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
146,949964456 ± 0,000041 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,2 ± 1,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

148Er

masa-zenbaki148
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
147,944735026 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,6 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.15%

149Er

masa-zenbaki149
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
148,942306 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1984
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%

150Er

masa-zenbaki150
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
149,937915524 ± 0,000018458 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
18,5 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

151Er

masa-zenbaki151
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
150,937448567 ± 0,000017681 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
23,5 ± 2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

152Er

masa-zenbaki152
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
151,935050347 ± 0,000009478 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,3 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)10%

153Er

masa-zenbaki153
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
152,93508635 ± 0,000009967 Da
g-factor
−0,26628571428571 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
37,1 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,42 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)53%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)47%

154Er

masa-zenbaki154
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
153,932790799 ± 0,000005325 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,73 ± 0,09 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.47%

155Er

masa-zenbaki155
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
154,93321571 ± 0,00000652 Da
g-factor
−0,19028571428571 ± 0,0014285714285714
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,3 ± 0,3 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,27 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.978%
α (α emission)0.022%

156Er

masa-zenbaki156
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
155,931065926 ± 0,00002644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,5 ± 1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1.2%

157Er

masa-zenbaki157
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
156,931922652 ± 0,000028454 Da
g-factor
−0,274 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
18,65 ± 0,1 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,92 ± 0,01
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

158Er

masa-zenbaki158
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
157,929893474 ± 0,000027074 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,29 ± 0,06 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

159Er

masa-zenbaki159
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
158,93069079 ± 0,00000391 Da
g-factor
−0,202 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
36 ± 1 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,17 ± 0,01
aurkikuntza-data1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Er

masa-zenbaki160
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
159,929077193 ± 0,000026029 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
28,58 ± 0,09 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

161Er

masa-zenbaki161
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
160,93000353 ± 0,000009419 Da
g-factor
−0,24266666666667 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,21 ± 0,03 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,363 ± 0,008
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Er

masa-zenbaki162
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
161,928787299 ± 0,000000811 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,139 ± 0,005
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

163Er

masa-zenbaki163
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
162,930039908 ± 0,000004967 Da
g-factor
0,2224 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
75 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,56 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Er

masa-zenbaki164
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
163,929207739 ± 0,000000755 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,601 ± 0,003
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

165Er

masa-zenbaki165
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
164,930733482 ± 0,000000985 Da
g-factor
0,2564 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,36 ± 0,04 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,71 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

166Er

masa-zenbaki166
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
165,930301067 ± 0,000000358 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
33,503 ± 0,036
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

167Er

masa-zenbaki167
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
166,932056192 ± 0,000000306 Da
g-factor
−0,16065714285714 ± 0,00011428571428571
natural abundance
22,869 ± 0,009
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,57 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

168Er

masa-zenbaki168
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
167,932378282 ± 0,00000028 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,978 ± 0,018
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

169Er

masa-zenbaki169
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
168,934598444 ± 0,000000326 Da
g-factor
0,9656 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,392 ± 0,018 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

170Er

masa-zenbaki170
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
169,935471933 ± 0,000001488 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
14,91 ± 0,036
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

171Er

masa-zenbaki171
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
170,938037372 ± 0,000001511 Da
g-factor
0,2628 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,516 ± 0,002 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,86 ± 0,09
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Er

masa-zenbaki172
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
171,939363461 ± 0,000004253 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
49,3 ± 0,5 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Er

masa-zenbaki173
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
172,9424 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,434 ± 0,017 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

174Er

masa-zenbaki174
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
173,94423 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,2 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

175Er

masa-zenbaki175
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
174,94777 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,2 ± 0,3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Er

masa-zenbaki176
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
175,94994 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

177Er

masa-zenbaki177
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
176,95399 ± 0,00054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

178Er

masa-zenbaki178
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
177,956779 ± 0,00064 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

179Er

masa-zenbaki179
neutron number111
atomo-masa erlatibo
178,961267 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

180Er

masa-zenbaki180
neutron number112
atomo-masa erlatibo
179,96438 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Erbium

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaCarl Mosander
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSweden
aurkikuntza-data1843
etimologiaNamed after the Swedish town, Ytterby.
pronunciationUR-bi-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
3,5 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00000087 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000018 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3263
2p4.346
2s17.7984
3d13.6397
3p20.3891
3s20.9231
4d35.7288
4f40.0216
4p32.8908
4s31.768
5p50.528
5s48.282
6s59.5238