Thulium

Thulium (Tm)

Thulium is the 69th element in the periodic table and has a symbol of Tm and atomic number of 69. It has an atomic weight of 168.93422 and a mass number of 169. Thulium has sixty-nine protons and one hundred neutrons in its nucleus, and sixty-nine electrons in six shells. It is located in group Lanthanides, period six and block f of the periodic table. Soft grey metallic element that belongs to the lanthanoids. One natural isotope exists, Tm-169, and seventeen artificial isotopes have been produced. No known uses for the element. Discovered in 1879 by Per Theodor Cleve.
Atomic Number69
Atomic Weight168.93422
Mass Number169
Group
Period6
Blockf
Protons69 p+
Neutrons100 n0
Electrons69 e-
Animated Bohr Model of Tm (Thulium)

Physical Properties

Atomic Radius
175 pm
Molar Volume
Covalent Radius
164 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionic Radius
103 pm
Crystal Radius
117 pm
Van der Waals Radius
227 pm
Density
9.321 g/cm³
Atomic Radii of the Elements: Thulium0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals Radius

Chemical Properties

Energy
Proton Affinity
Electron Affinity
Ionization Energy
6.18431 eV/particle
Ionization Energies of Tm (Thulium)
Heat of Vaporization
232 kJ/mol
Heat of Fusion
Heat of Formation
232.2 kJ/mol
Electrons
Electron Shells2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2
Bohr Model: Tm (Thulium)
Valence Electrons2
Lewis Structure: Tm (Thulium)
Electron Configuration[Xe] 4f13 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f13 6s2
Enhanced Bohr Model of Tm (Thulium)
Orbital Diagram of Tm (Thulium)
Oxidation States0, 1, 2, 3
Electronegativity
1.25
Electrophilicity Index
1.2616079623752015 eV/particle
States of Matter
PhaseSolid
Gas Phase
Boiling Point
2,223.15 K
Melting Point
1,818.15 K
Critical Pressure
Critical Temperature
Triple Point
Visual

Thulium is a Silver. Tm has a CPK of #ff1493, Jmol of #00d452, and MOLCAS GV of #00d452. The Appearance of Element 69 is silvery gray.

Color
Silver
Appearancesilvery gray
Refractive Index
Thermodynamic Properties
Thermal Conductivity
Thermal Expansion
0.0000133 1/K
Molar Heat Capacity
27.03 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
Heat Capacity Ratio (Adiabatic Index)
Electrical Properties
TypeConductor
Electrical Conductivity
1.4 MS/m
Electrical Resistivity
0.0000007 m Ω
Superconducting Point
Magnetism
Typeparamagnetic
Magnetic Susceptibility (Mass)
0.00000199 m³/Kg
Magnetic Susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000336179 m³/mol
Magnetic Susceptibility (Volume)
0.0185488
Magnetic Ordering
Curie Point
25 K
Neel Point
56 K
Structure

The Crystal Structure of Thulium is HEX. The lattice constant of Tm is 3.54 Å. The lattice angles of Element 69 are π/2, π/2, 2 π/3.

Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
Lattice Constant
3.54 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
Mechanical Properties

Thulium has a Brinell of 471 MPa, and Vickers of 520 MPa. The Bulk Modulus of Tm is 45 GPa. The Shear Modulus of Element 69 is 31 GPa. The Young Modulus of Thulium (Tm) is 74 GPa. The Poisson Ratio of Thulium is 0.21.

Hardness
Bulk Modulus
45 GPa
Shear Modulus
31 GPa
Young's Modulus
74 GPa
Poisson Ratio
0.21
Speed of Sound
Classification

The Glawe Number of Thulium is 20. The Mendeleev Number of Tm is 37. The Pettifor Number of Element 69 is 22. The Geochemical Class of Thulium (Tm) is rare earth & related. The Goldschmidt Class of Thulium is litophile.

CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number20
Mendeleev Number37
Pettifor Number22
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt Classlitophile

Other

The Dipole Polarizability of Thulium is 144 plus or minus 15 a₀. Tm has a C6 Dispersion Coefficient (GB) of 2020 a₀. The Allotropes of Element 69 is . The Neutron Cross Section of Thulium (Tm) is 105. The Neutron Mass Absorption of Thulium is 0.025. The Quantum Numbers of Tm is 2F7/2. The Space Group of Element 69 is 194 (P63/mmc).

Gas Basicity
Dipole Polarizability
144 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
Allotropes
Neutron Cross Section
105
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.025
Quantum Numbers2F7/2
Space Group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Thulium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes1

144Tm

Mass Number144
Neutron Number75
Relative Atomic Mass
143.976211 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.3 ± 0.9 us
Spin10
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2005
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

145Tm

Mass Number145
Neutron Number76
Relative Atomic Mass
144.970389 ± 0.00021 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
3.17 ± 0.2 us
Spin11/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1998
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
p (proton emission)100%

146Tm

Mass Number146
Neutron Number77
Relative Atomic Mass
145.966661 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
155 ± 20 ms
Spin1
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1993
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

147Tm

Mass Number147
Neutron Number78
Relative Atomic Mass
146.961379887 ± 0.000007341 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
580 ± 30 ms
Spin11/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1982
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)85%
p (proton emission)15%

148Tm

Mass Number148
Neutron Number79
Relative Atomic Mass
147.958384026 ± 0.000011 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
700 ± 200 ms
Spin10
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1982
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Tm

Mass Number149
Neutron Number80
Relative Atomic Mass
148.952828 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
900 ± 200 ms
Spin11/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1987
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

150Tm

Mass Number150
Neutron Number81
Relative Atomic Mass
149.95009 ± 0.00021 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin1
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1982
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

151Tm

Mass Number151
Neutron Number82
Relative Atomic Mass
150.945494433 ± 0.000020799 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
4.17 ± 0.11 s
Spin11/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1982
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

152Tm

Mass Number152
Neutron Number83
Relative Atomic Mass
151.944476 ± 0.000058 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
8 ± 1 s
Spin2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1980
Parity

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Tm

Mass Number153
Neutron Number84
Relative Atomic Mass
152.942058023 ± 0.00001286 Da
G-Factor
1.26 ± 0.02
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.48 ± 0.01 s
Spin11/2
Quadrupole Moment
0.5 ± 1
Discovery Year1964
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)91%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)9%

154Tm

Mass Number154
Neutron Number85
Relative Atomic Mass
153.941570062 ± 0.000015471 Da
G-Factor
-0.57 ± 0.01
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
8.1 ± 0.3 s
Spin2
Quadrupole Moment
0.4 ± 0.9
Discovery Year1964
Parity

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)54%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)46%

155Tm

Mass Number155
Neutron Number86
Relative Atomic Mass
154.939209576 ± 0.000010651 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
21.6 ± 0.2 s
Spin11/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1971
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.17%
α (α emission)0.83%

156Tm

Mass Number156
Neutron Number87
Relative Atomic Mass
155.938985746 ± 0.000015328 Da
G-Factor
0.2 ± 0.015
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
83.8 ± 1.8 s
Spin2
Quadrupole Moment
-0.48 ± 0.11
Discovery Year1971
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.064%

157Tm

Mass Number157
Neutron Number88
Relative Atomic Mass
156.936973 ± 0.00003 Da
G-Factor
0.952 ± 0.03
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
3.63 ± 0.09 m
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1974
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.5%

158Tm

Mass Number158
Neutron Number89
Relative Atomic Mass
157.936979525 ± 0.000027074 Da
G-Factor
0.02 ± 0.01
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
3.98 ± 0.06 m
Spin2
Quadrupole Moment
0.74 ± 0.11
Discovery Year1970
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

159Tm

Mass Number159
Neutron Number90
Relative Atomic Mass
158.934975 ± 0.00003 Da
G-Factor
1.368 ± 0.012
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
9.13 ± 0.16 m
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
1.93 ± 0.07
Discovery Year1971
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Tm

Mass Number160
Neutron Number91
Relative Atomic Mass
159.935264177 ± 0.000035089 Da
G-Factor
0.16 ± 0.02
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
9.4 ± 0.3 m
Spin1
Quadrupole Moment
0.58 ± 0.04
Discovery Year1970
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Tm

Mass Number161
Neutron Number92
Relative Atomic Mass
160.933549 ± 0.00003 Da
G-Factor
0.68571428571429 ± 0.0057142857142857
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
30.2 ± 0.8 m
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
2.9 ± 0.07
Discovery Year1959
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Tm

Mass Number162
Neutron Number93
Relative Atomic Mass
161.934001211 ± 0.000027974 Da
G-Factor
0.068 ± 0.008
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
21.7 ± 0.19 m
Spin1
Quadrupole Moment
0.69 ± 0.03
Discovery Year1963
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Tm

Mass Number163
Neutron Number94
Relative Atomic Mass
162.932658282 ± 0.00000592 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.81 ± 0.005 h
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1959
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Tm

Mass Number164
Neutron Number95
Relative Atomic Mass
163.933538019 ± 0.000026845 Da
G-Factor
2.37 ± 0.03
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2 ± 0.1 m
Spin1
Quadrupole Moment
0.71 ± 0.05
Discovery Year1960
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)61%
e+ (positron emission)39%

165Tm

Mass Number165
Neutron Number96
Relative Atomic Mass
164.932441843 ± 0.000001779 Da
G-Factor
-0.278 ± 0.004
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
30.06 ± 0.03 h
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1953
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Tm

Mass Number166
Neutron Number97
Relative Atomic Mass
165.933562136 ± 0.000012401 Da
G-Factor
0.0463 ± 0.00035
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
7.7 ± 0.03 h
Spin2
Quadrupole Moment
2.14 ± 0.03
Discovery Year1948
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Tm

Mass Number167
Neutron Number98
Relative Atomic Mass
166.932857206 ± 0.00000135 Da
G-Factor
-0.394 ± 0.004
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
9.25 ± 0.02 d
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1948
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

168Tm

Mass Number168
Neutron Number99
Relative Atomic Mass
167.934178457 ± 0.0000018 Da
G-Factor
0.075666666666667 ± 0.0036666666666667
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
93.1 ± 0.2 d
Spin3
Quadrupole Moment
3.23 ± 0.07
Discovery Year1949
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)0.01%

169Tm

Mass Number169
Neutron Number100
Relative Atomic Mass
168.934218956 ± 0.000000792 Da
G-Factor
-0.462 ± 0.003
Abundance
100
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1934
Parity+

170Tm

Mass Number170
Neutron Number101
Relative Atomic Mass
169.935807093 ± 0.000000785 Da
G-Factor
0.247 ± 0.004
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
128.6 ± 0.3 d
Spin1
Quadrupole Moment
0.74 ± 0.02
Discovery Year1936
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)99.869%
ϵ (electron capture)0.131%

171Tm

Mass Number171
Neutron Number102
Relative Atomic Mass
170.936435162 ± 0.000001043 Da
G-Factor
-0.46 ± 0.008
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.92 ± 0.01 y
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1948
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

172Tm

Mass Number172
Neutron Number103
Relative Atomic Mass
171.938406959 ± 0.000005884 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
63.6 ± 0.3 h
Spin2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1956
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

173Tm

Mass Number173
Neutron Number104
Relative Atomic Mass
172.93960663 ± 0.000004723 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
8.24 ± 0.08 h
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1961
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

174Tm

Mass Number174
Neutron Number105
Relative Atomic Mass
173.942174061 ± 0.00004801 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
5.4 ± 0.1 m
Spin4
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1960
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

175Tm

Mass Number175
Neutron Number106
Relative Atomic Mass
174.94384231 ± 0.000053677 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
15.2 ± 0.5 m
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1961
Parity

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

176Tm

Mass Number176
Neutron Number107
Relative Atomic Mass
175.946997707 ± 0.000107354 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.85 ± 0.03 m
Spin4
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1961
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

177Tm

Mass Number177
Neutron Number108
Relative Atomic Mass
176.948932 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
95 ± 7 s
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1989
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

178Tm

Mass Number178
Neutron Number109
Relative Atomic Mass
177.952506 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin1
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2008
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

179Tm

Mass Number179
Neutron Number110
Relative Atomic Mass
178.955018 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2012
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

180Tm

Mass Number180
Neutron Number111
Relative Atomic Mass
179.959023 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2012
Parity

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

181Tm

Mass Number181
Neutron Number112
Relative Atomic Mass
180.961954 ± 0.000537 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2012
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

182Tm

Mass Number182
Neutron Number113
Relative Atomic Mass
181.966194 ± 0.000537 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year
Parity

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Thulium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

History

Thulium was discovered by Swedish chemist Per Teodor Cleve in 1879 by looking for impurities in the oxides of other rare earth elements. The first researcher to obtain nearly pure thulium was Charles James, a British expatriate working on a large scale at New Hampshire College in Durham. High-purity thulium oxide was first offered commercially in the late 1950s. Named after Thule, the earliest name for Scandinavia

DiscoverersPer Theodor Cleve
Discovery LocationSweden
Discovery Year1879
Etymology (Name Origin)From Thule ancient name of Scandinavia.
PronunciationTHOO-li-em (English)
Thulium is considered to be non-toxic
Thulium ore occurs most commonly in China

Uses

Thulium is used to dope yttrium aluminum garnets used in lasers. It has also been used in high-temperature superconductors similarly to yttrium. Thulium has use in ferrites, ceramic magnetic materials that are used in microwave equipment. Thulium is used in euro banknotes for its blue fluorescence under UV light to defeat counterfeiters. Radioactive thulium is used to power portable x-ray machines, eliminating the need for electrical equipment.

Sources

Found with other rare earths in the minerals gadolinite, euxenite, xenotime, and monazite. Monazite is often 50% rare earth by weight and 0.007% thulium.

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.52 mg/kg
Natural Abundance (Oceans)
0.00000017 mg/L
Natural Abundance (Human Body)
Natural Abundance (Meteor)
0.0000029 %
Natural Abundance (Sun)
0.00000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3437
2p4.3588
2s18.0522
3d13.6257
3p20.5239
3s21.0816
4d36.056
4f40.366
4p33.012
4s31.8624
5p51.272
5s48.963
6s60.4158

Also Known As

  • Tm
  • element 69
  • 69Tm

Translations

  • Frenchthulium
  • GermanThulium
  • Amharicቱሊየም
  • Arabicثوليوم
  • AzerbaijaniTulium
  • Belarusianтулій
  • Bulgarianтулий
  • Banglaথুলিয়াম
  • Bosniantulij
  • Catalantuli
  • CorsicanTuliu
  • Czechthulium
  • ChuvashТули
  • WelshThwliwm
  • Danishthulium
  • Greekθούλιο
  • Esperantotulio
  • Spanishtulio
  • EstonianTuulium
  • Basquetulio
  • Persianتولیم
  • Finnishtulium
  • FriulianTuli
  • Irishtúiliam
  • GalicianTulio
  • ManxThulium
  • Hakka Chinesethulium
  • HawaiianThulium
  • Hebrewתוליום
  • Hindiथुलियम
  • Fiji HindiThulium
  • CroatianTulij
  • Hungariantúlium
  • Armenianթուլիում
  • Interlinguathulium
  • Indonesiantulium
  • Idotulio
  • Icelandictúlín
  • Italiantulio
  • Japaneseツリウム
  • Lojbanjinmrtuli
  • Georgianთულიუმი
  • Kannadaಥುಲಿಯಮ್
  • Korean툴륨
  • KomiТулий
  • Latinthulium
  • LuxembourgishThulium
  • LigurianTulio
  • LithuanianTulis
  • Latviantūlijs
  • Malayalamതൂലിയം
  • Marathiथुलियम
  • Western MariТулий
  • MalayTulium
  • Dutchthulium
  • Norwegian Nynorskthulium
  • Polishtul
  • Western Panjabiتھلیم
  • Portuguesetúlio
  • QuechuaThulyu
  • Romaniantuliu
  • Russianтулий
  • YakutТулиум
  • Siciliantuliu
  • Serbo-CroatianTulijum
  • Slovaktúlium
  • SlovenianTulij
  • Serbianтулијум
  • Saterland FrisianThulium
  • Swedishtulium
  • Tamilதூலியம்
  • Thaiทูเลียม
  • TurkishTulyum
  • Uyghurتۇلىي
  • Ukrainianтулій
  • Urduتھلیئم
  • VepsTulii
  • Vietnamesethuli
  • WarayTulyo
  • KalmykТулиум
  • YorubaThulium
  • Chinese
  • Norwegian Bokmålthulium
  • CebuanoTulyo
  • Central Kurdishتوولیۆم
  • AlbanianTuliumi
  • Macedonianтулиум
  • BretonTuliom
  • KazakhТулий
  • Odiaଥୁଲିଅମ
  • Gujaratiથુલિયમ
  • Occitantuli
  • TatarТулий
  • Burmeseကျူလီယမ်
  • PiedmonteseTulio
  • Cantonese
  • Belarusian (Taraskievica orthography)Туль
  • AromanianTuliu
  • UzbekTuliy
  • KyrgyzТулий
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