Fluoor

Fluoor (F)

chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9
Atomic Number9
Atomic Weight18.998403163
Massagetal19
Group17
Period2
Blockp
proton9 p+
neutron10 n0
elektron9 e-
Animated Bohr model of F (Fluoor)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
50 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
64 pm
Metallic Radius
Ioonradius
128,5 pm
Crystal Radius
114,5 pm
Van der Waals radius
147 pm
density
0,001553 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Fluoor0102030405060708090100110120130140150pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
340,1 kJ/mol
electron affinity
3,4011897 eV/particle
ionization energy
17,42282 eV/particle
ionization energy of F (Fluoor)
Verdampingswarmte
6,54 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
0,51 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
79,335 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 7
Bohr model: F (Fluoor)
Valenselektrone7
Lewisteorie: F (Fluoor)
elektronkonfigurasie[He] 2s2 2p5
1s2 2s2 2p5
Enhanced Bohr model of F (Fluoor)
Orbital Diagram of F (Fluoor)
Oksidasietoestand-1, 0
Elektronegatiwiteit
3.98
Electrophilicity Index
3,865807423136221 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterGas
gaseous state of matterDiatomic
Boiling Point
85,04 K
Melting Point
53,48 K
critical pressure
5,1724 MPa
critical temperature
144,41 K
triple point
53,48 K
90 kPa
appearance
kleur
Colorless
appearance
Brekingsindeks
1,000195
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,028 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
31,304 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,824 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio7/5
electrical properties
type
Geleidingsvermoë
Elektriese resistiwiteit
superconductivity
Magnetisme
type
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureBase Centered Monoclinic (MCL)
lattice constant
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
Massamodulus
Skuifmodulus
Young se modulus
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
classification
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number102
Mendeleev Number106
Pettifor Number102
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
315,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
3,74 ± 0,08 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
9,52 a₀
allotropeDifluorine
Neutron cross section
0,0096
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00002
quantum number2P3/2
Ruimtegroep15 (C12/c1)

Isotopes of Fluorine

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes18
Natural Isotopes1

13F

Massagetal13
neutron number4
relative atomic mass
13,045121 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

14F

Massagetal14
neutron number5
relative atomic mass
14,034315196 ± 0,000044142 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
500 ± 60 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

15F

Massagetal15
neutron number6
relative atomic mass
15,017785139 ± 0,000015029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,1 ± 0,3 zs
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

16F

Massagetal16
neutron number7
relative atomic mass
16,011460278 ± 0,000005758 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
21 ± 5 zs
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

17F

Massagetal17
neutron number8
relative atomic mass
17,002095237 ± 0,000000266 Da
g-factor
1,88852 ± 0,00012
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
64,37 ± 0,027 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,076 ± 0,004
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

18F

Massagetal18
neutron number9
relative atomic mass
18,000937324 ± 0,000000497 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
109,734 ± 0,008 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

19F

Massagetal19
neutron number10
relative atomic mass
18,99840316207 ± 0,00000000088 Da
g-factor
5,256642 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
100
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1920
parity+

20F

Massagetal20
neutron number11
relative atomic mass
19,999981252 ± 0,000000031 Da
g-factor
1,046675 ± 0,000045
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
11,0062 ± 0,008 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,056 ± 0,004
ontdekkingsdatum1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

21F

Massagetal21
neutron number12
relative atomic mass
20,999948893 ± 0,000001932 Da
g-factor
1,56776 ± 0,00048
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,158 ± 0,02 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,011 ± 0,002
ontdekkingsdatum1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

22F

Massagetal22
neutron number13
relative atomic mass
22,002998812 ± 0,00001331 Da
g-factor
0,6736 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,23 ± 0,04 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,003 ± 0,002
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)11%

23F

Massagetal23
neutron number14
relative atomic mass
23,003526875 ± 0,00003577 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,23 ± 0,14 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14%

24F

Massagetal24
neutron number15
relative atomic mass
24,00809937 ± 0,000104853 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
384 ± 16 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5.9%

25F

Massagetal25
neutron number16
relative atomic mass
25,012167727 ± 0,000103535 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
80 ± 9 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23.1%
2n (2-neutron emission)

26F

Massagetal26
neutron number17
relative atomic mass
26,020048065 ± 0,000114898 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,2 ± 0,9 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)13.5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

27F

Massagetal27
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
27,026981897 ± 0,000129037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5 ± 0,2 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)77%
2n (2-neutron emission)

28F

Massagetal28
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
28,035860448 ± 0,000129198 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
46 zs
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)100%

29F

Massagetal29
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
29,043103 ± 0,000564 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,5 ± 0,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)60%
2n (2-neutron emission)

30F

Massagetal30
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
30,052561 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

31F

Massagetal31
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
31,061023 ± 0,000574 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Liquid fluorine tighter crop

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurHenri Moissan
ligging van ontdekkingFrance
ontdekkingsdatum1886
etimologieLatin: fluere (flow).
uitspraakFLU-eh-reen (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
585 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
1,3 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,0037 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,0087 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,00005 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3499
2p3.9
2s3.8724