Fluor

Fluor (F)

chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9
Atomic Number9
Atomic Weight18.998403163
Numri i masës19
Group17
Period2
Blockp
protoni9 p+
neutroni10 n0
elektroni9 e-
Animated Bohr model of F (Fluor)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
50 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
64 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
128,5 pm
Crystal Radius
114,5 pm
Van der Waals radius
147 pm
density
0,001553 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Fluor0102030405060708090100110120130140150pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
340,1 kJ/mol
electron affinity
3,4011897 eV/particle
ionization energy
17,42282 eV/particle
ionization energy of F (Fluor)
enthalpy of vaporization
6,54 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
0,51 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
79,335 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 7
Bohr model: F (Fluor)
valence electron7
Lewis structure: F (Fluor)
konfigurimi i elektronit[He] 2s2 2p5
1s2 2s2 2p5
Enhanced Bohr model of F (Fluor)
Orbital Diagram of F (Fluor)
oxidation number-1, 0
Elektronegativiteti
3.98
Electrophilicity Index
3,865807423136221 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesGas
gaseous state of matterDiatomic
Boiling Point
85,04 K
Melting Point
53,48 K
critical pressure
5,1724 MPa
critical temperature
144,41 K
triple point
53,48 K
90 kPa
appearance
Ngjyra
Colorless
appearance
refractive index
1,000195
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,028 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
31,304 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,824 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio7/5
electrical properties
type
electrical conductivity
electrical resistivity
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
type
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureBase Centered Monoclinic (MCL)
lattice constant
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Shpejtësia e zërit
klasifikim
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number102
Mendeleev Number106
Pettifor Number102
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
315,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
3,74 ± 0,08 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
9,52 a₀
allotropeDifluorine
Neutron cross section
0,0096
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00002
numër kuantik2P3/2
space group15 (C12/c1)

Isotopes of Fluorine

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes18
Natural Isotopes1

13F

Numri i masës13
numri i neutroneve4
relative atomic mass
13,045121 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

14F

Numri i masës14
numri i neutroneve5
relative atomic mass
14,034315196 ± 0,000044142 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
500 ± 60 ys
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

15F

Numri i masës15
numri i neutroneve6
relative atomic mass
15,017785139 ± 0,000015029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,1 ± 0,3 zs
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1978
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%

16F

Numri i masës16
numri i neutroneve7
relative atomic mass
16,011460278 ± 0,000005758 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21 ± 5 zs
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1964
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%

17F

Numri i masës17
numri i neutroneve8
relative atomic mass
17,002095237 ± 0,000000266 Da
g-factor
1,88852 ± 0,00012
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
64,37 ± 0,027 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,076 ± 0,004
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1934
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

18F

Numri i masës18
numri i neutroneve9
relative atomic mass
18,000937324 ± 0,000000497 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
109,734 ± 0,008 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

19F

Numri i masës19
numri i neutroneve10
relative atomic mass
18,99840316207 ± 0,00000000088 Da
g-factor
5,256642 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity+

20F

Numri i masës20
numri i neutroneve11
relative atomic mass
19,999981252 ± 0,000000031 Da
g-factor
1,046675 ± 0,000045
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,0062 ± 0,008 s
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,056 ± 0,004
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

21F

Numri i masës21
numri i neutroneve12
relative atomic mass
20,999948893 ± 0,000001932 Da
g-factor
1,56776 ± 0,00048
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,158 ± 0,02 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,011 ± 0,002
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

22F

Numri i masës22
numri i neutroneve13
relative atomic mass
22,002998812 ± 0,00001331 Da
g-factor
0,6736 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,23 ± 0,04 s
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,003 ± 0,002
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1965
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)11%

23F

Numri i masës23
numri i neutroneve14
relative atomic mass
23,003526875 ± 0,00003577 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,23 ± 0,14 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14%

24F

Numri i masës24
numri i neutroneve15
relative atomic mass
24,00809937 ± 0,000104853 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
384 ± 16 ms
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5.9%

25F

Numri i masës25
numri i neutroneve16
relative atomic mass
25,012167727 ± 0,000103535 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
80 ± 9 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23.1%
2n (2-neutron emission)

26F

Numri i masës26
numri i neutroneve17
relative atomic mass
26,020048065 ± 0,000114898 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,2 ± 0,9 ms
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)13.5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

27F

Numri i masës27
numri i neutroneve18
relative atomic mass
27,026981897 ± 0,000129037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5 ± 0,2 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)77%
2n (2-neutron emission)

28F

Numri i masës28
numri i neutroneve19
relative atomic mass
28,035860448 ± 0,000129198 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
46 zs
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity-

decay modeintensitet
n (neutron emission)100%

29F

Numri i masës29
numri i neutroneve20
relative atomic mass
29,043103 ± 0,000564 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5 ± 0,3 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)60%
2n (2-neutron emission)

30F

Numri i masës30
numri i neutroneve21
relative atomic mass
30,052561 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity

decay modeintensitet
n (neutron emission)

31F

Numri i masës31
numri i neutroneve22
relative atomic mass
31,061023 ± 0,000574 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1999
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Liquid fluorine tighter crop

historia

zbuluesHenri Moissan
vendndodhja e zbulimitFrance
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1886
EtimologjiaLatin: fluere (flow).
pronunciationFLU-eh-reen (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
585 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
1,3 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,0037 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,0087 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,00005 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3499
2p3.9
2s3.8724