Темир

Темир (Fe)

chemical element with symbol Fe and atomic number 26
Atomic Number26
Atomic Weight55.845
mass number56
Group8
Period4
Blockd
Протон26 p+
Нейтрон30 n0
Электрон26 e-
Animated Bohr model of Fe (Темир)

Physical Property

Атомдук Радиус
140 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
116 pm
Metallic Radius
117 pm
ionic radius
63 pm
Crystal Radius
77 pm
Van der Waals radius
204 pm
density
7,87 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Темир0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmАтомдук РадиусCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
754 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,9024678 eV/particle
ionization energy of Fe (Темир)
enthalpy of vaporization
340 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
13,8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
415,5 kJ/mol
Электрон
electron shell2, 8, 14, 2
Bohr model: Fe (Темир)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Fe (Темир)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d6 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d6 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Fe (Темир)
Orbital Diagram of Fe (Темир)
oxidation number-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
electronegativity
1.83
Electrophilicity Index
1,045904228706801 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 134,15 K
Melting Point
1 811,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
9 340,15 K
triple point
appearance
Түс –
Gray
appearancelustrous metallic with a grayish tinge
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
80,4 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000118 1/K
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
0,449 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
10 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000009700000000001 m Ω
superconductivity
Магнетизм
typeferromagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
1 043 K
Néel temperature
түзүм
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
2,87 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
4 MPa
bulk modulus
170 GPa
shear modulus
82 GPa
Young's modulus
211 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,29
speed of sound
4 910 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number71
Mendeleev Number59
Pettifor Number61
Geochemical Classmajor
Литофиль элементтериsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
731,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
62 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
482 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2,56
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0015
Кванттык сандар5D4
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Iron

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes29
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition5691.75%5691.75%545.85%545.85%572.12%572.12%580.28%580.28%

45Fe

mass number45
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
45,015467 ± 0,000304 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,5 ± 0,2 ms
Спин3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)30%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)18.9%
2p (2-proton emission)7.8%

46Fe

mass number46
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
46,001299 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
13 ± 2 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)78.7%
2p (2-proton emission)

47Fe

mass number47
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
46,992346 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
21,9 ± 0,2 ms
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1992
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88.4%

48Fe

mass number48
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
47,980667 ± 0,000099 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
45,3 ± 0,6 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)15.3%

49Fe

mass number49
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
48,973429 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
64,7 ± 0,3 ms
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)56.7%

50Fe

mass number50
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
49,962988 ± 0,000009 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
152 ± 0,6 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0%

51Fe

mass number51
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
50,956855137 ± 0,000001501 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
305,4 ± 2,3 ms
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

52Fe

mass number52
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
51,948113364 ± 0,000000192 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
8,275 ± 0,008 h
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

53Fe

mass number53
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
52,945305629 ± 0,000001792 Da
g-factor
-0,18571428571429 ± 0,0028571428571429
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
8,51 ± 0,02 m
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

54Fe

mass number54
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
53,939608189 ± 0,000000368 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,845 ± 0,105
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1923
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

55Fe

mass number55
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
54,938291158 ± 0,00000033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,7562 ± 0,0004 y
Спин3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

56Fe

mass number56
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
55,934935537 ± 0,000000287 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
91,754 ± 0,106
Радиоактивдүүлүкstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1923
parity+

57Fe

mass number57
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
56,93539195 ± 0,000000287 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
2,119 ± 0,029
Радиоактивдүүлүкstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Спин1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1935
parity-

58Fe

mass number58
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
57,933273575 ± 0,000000339 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,282 ± 0,012
Радиоактивдүүлүкstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1935
parity+

59Fe

mass number59
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
58,934873492 ± 0,000000354 Da
g-factor
-0,22386666666667 ± 0,00026666666666667
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
44,5 ± 0,012 d
Спин3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

60Fe

mass number60
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
59,934070249 ± 0,000003656 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,62 ± 0,04 My
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

61Fe

mass number61
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
60,936746241 ± 0,0000028 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
5,98 ± 0,06 m
Спин3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

62Fe

mass number62
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
61,936791809 ± 0,000003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
68 ± 2 s
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

63Fe

mass number63
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
62,940272698 ± 0,000004618 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
6,1 ± 0,6 s
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

64Fe

mass number64
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
63,940987761 ± 0,000005386 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2 ± 0,2 s
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

65Fe

mass number65
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
64,945015323 ± 0,000005487 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
805 ± 10 ms
Спин1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

66Fe

mass number66
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
65,946249958 ± 0,0000044 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
467 ± 29 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

67Fe

mass number67
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
66,95093 ± 0,0000041 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
394 ± 9 ms
Спин1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

68Fe

mass number68
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
67,952875 ± 0,000207 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
188 ± 4 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0%

69Fe

mass number69
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
68,957918 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
162 ± 7 ms
Спин1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1992
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

70Fe

mass number70
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
69,960397 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
61,4 ± 0,7 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

71Fe

mass number71
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
70,965722 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
34,3 ± 2,6 ms
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

72Fe

mass number72
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
71,968599 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
17 ± 1 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

73Fe

mass number73
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
72,974246 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
12,9 ± 1,6 ms
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

74Fe

mass number74
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
73,977821 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
5 ± 5 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

75Fe

mass number75
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
74,984219 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
Спин9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2013
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

76Fe

mass number76
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
75,988631 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Iron electrolytic and 1cm3 cube

тарых

discoverer or inventorKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
time of discovery or invention
ЭтимологияAnglo-Saxon: iron; symbol from Latin: ferrum (iron).
pronunciationEYE-ern (англисче)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
56 300 mg/kg
natural abundance (Океан)
0,002 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,006 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
22 %
natural abundance (Күн)
0,1 %
Abundance in Universe
0,11 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.619
2p3.9112
2s7.401
3d14.8202
3p13.2221
3s12.3239
4s20.566