Galyûm

Galyûm (Ga)

chemical element with symbol Ga and atomic number 31
Atomic Number31
Atomic Weight69.723
Hejmara baristeyî69
Group13
Period4
Blockp
Proton31 p+
Notron38 n0
Kareva31 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ga (Galyûm)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
130 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
124 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
ionic radius
47 pm
Crystal Radius
61 pm
Van der Waals radius
187 pm
density
5,91 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Galyûm020406080100120140160180200pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
5,9993018 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ga (Galyûm)
enthalpy of vaporization
270,3 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
5,59 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
271,96 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 3
Bohr model: Ga (Galyûm)
valence electron3
Lewis structure: Ga (Galyûm)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p1
Enhanced Bohr model of Ga (Galyûm)
Orbital Diagram of Ga (Galyûm)
oxidation number-5, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
electronegativity
1.81
Electrophilicity Index
0,927762651403701 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2.502,15 K
Melting Point
302,9146 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
302,9166 K
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilver-white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
28,1 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,00012 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,03 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,373 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
7,1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000014 m Ω
superconductivity
1,083 K
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,000000003 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000209 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000177
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
4,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1,5 MPa
bulk modulus
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Leza dengê
2.740 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number79
Mendeleev Number83
Pettifor Number81
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
50 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
498 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2,9
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0015
quantum number2P1/2
space group64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Gallium

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition6960.11%6960.11%7139.89%7139.89%

56Ga

Hejmara baristeyî56
neutron number25
Giraniya atomê
55,995878 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

57Ga

Hejmara baristeyî57
neutron number26
Giraniya atomê
56,983457 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

58Ga

Hejmara baristeyî58
neutron number27
Giraniya atomê
57,974729 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

59Ga

Hejmara baristeyî59
neutron number28
Giraniya atomê
58,963757 ± 0,000183 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

60Ga

Hejmara baristeyî60
neutron number29
Giraniya atomê
59,957498 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
72,4 ± 1,7 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.6%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.023%

61Ga

Hejmara baristeyî61
neutron number30
Giraniya atomê
60,949398861 ± 0,000040787 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
165,9 ± 2,5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.25%

62Ga

Hejmara baristeyî62
neutron number31
Giraniya atomê
61,944189639 ± 0,000000684 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
116,122 ± 0,021 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Ga

Hejmara baristeyî63
neutron number32
Giraniya atomê
62,939294194 ± 0,0000014 Da
g-factor
0,097866666666667 ± 0,00033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,4 ± 0,5 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,212 ± 0,014
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Ga

Hejmara baristeyî64
neutron number33
Giraniya atomê
63,936840366 ± 0,000001533 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,627 ± 0,012 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1953
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

65Ga

Hejmara baristeyî65
neutron number34
Giraniya atomê
64,932734424 ± 0,000000849 Da
g-factor
1,182 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,133 ± 0,028 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,21 ± 0,015
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Ga

Hejmara baristeyî66
neutron number35
Giraniya atomê
65,931589766 ± 0,000001172 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,304 ± 0,008 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

67Ga

Hejmara baristeyî67
neutron number36
Giraniya atomê
66,928202276 ± 0,000001262 Da
g-factor
1,2329333333333 ± 0,00033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,2617 ± 0,0004 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,197 ± 0,002
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

68Ga

Hejmara baristeyî68
neutron number37
Giraniya atomê
67,927980161 ± 0,000001535 Da
g-factor
0,01174 ± 0,00007
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
67,842 ± 0,016 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0277 ± 0,0014
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

69Ga

Hejmara baristeyî69
neutron number38
Giraniya atomê
68,925573528 ± 0,000001285 Da
g-factor
1,3433466666667 ± 0,00004
natural abundance
60,108 ± 0,05
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,171 ± 0,002
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1923
parity-

70Ga

Hejmara baristeyî70
neutron number39
Giraniya atomê
69,926021914 ± 0,000001289 Da
g-factor
0,571 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,14 ± 0,05 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,105 ± 0,007
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.59%
ϵ (electron capture)0.41%

71Ga

Hejmara baristeyî71
neutron number40
Giraniya atomê
70,924702554 ± 0,00000087 Da
g-factor
1,7068866666667 ± 0,00006
natural abundance
39,892 ± 0,05
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,107 ± 0,001
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1923
parity-

72Ga

Hejmara baristeyî72
neutron number41
Giraniya atomê
71,926367452 ± 0,000000878 Da
g-factor
-0,044046666666667 ± 0,0000066666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,025 ± 0,01 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,53 ± 0,006
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Ga

Hejmara baristeyî73
neutron number42
Giraniya atomê
72,92517468 ± 0,0000018 Da
g-factor
0,13933333333333 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,86 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Ga

Hejmara baristeyî74
neutron number43
Giraniya atomê
73,926945725 ± 0,000003214 Da
g-factor
0 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,12 ± 0,12 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,55 ± 0,04
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Ga

Hejmara baristeyî75
neutron number44
Giraniya atomê
74,926504484 ± 0,00000072 Da
g-factor
1,2233333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
126 ± 2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,285 ± 0,017
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Ga

Hejmara baristeyî76
neutron number45
Giraniya atomê
75,928827624 ± 0,0000021 Da
g-factor
-0,4725 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,6 ± 0,6 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1961
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Ga

Hejmara baristeyî77
neutron number46
Giraniya atomê
76,929154299 ± 0,0000026 Da
g-factor
1,3453333333333 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,2 ± 0,2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,208 ± 0,013
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Ga

Hejmara baristeyî78
neutron number47
Giraniya atomê
77,931610854 ± 0,000001127 Da
g-factor
-0,607 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,09 ± 0,05 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

79Ga

Hejmara baristeyî79
neutron number48
Giraniya atomê
78,932851582 ± 0,000001296 Da
g-factor
0,69733333333333 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,848 ± 0,003 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,158 ± 0,01
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.089%

80Ga

Hejmara baristeyî80
neutron number49
Giraniya atomê
79,936420773 ± 0,000003103 Da
g-factor
0,006 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,9 ± 0,1 s
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,38 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.86%

81Ga

Hejmara baristeyî81
neutron number50
Giraniya atomê
80,938133841 ± 0,000003503 Da
g-factor
0,6984 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,217 ± 0,005 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,048 ± 0,008
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12.5%

82Ga

Hejmara baristeyî82
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
81,943176531 ± 0,000002604 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
600 ± 2 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21.2%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Ga

Hejmara baristeyî83
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
82,9471203 ± 0,000002804 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
310 ± 0,7 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)85%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Ga

Hejmara baristeyî84
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
83,952663 ± 0,000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
97,6 ± 1,2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1991
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)43%
2n (2-neutron emission)1.6%

85Ga

Hejmara baristeyî85
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
84,957333 ± 0,00004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
95,3 ± 1 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)77%
2n (2-neutron emission)1.3%

86Ga

Hejmara baristeyî86
neutron number55
Giraniya atomê
85,963757 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
49 ± 2 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)16.2%

87Ga

Hejmara baristeyî87
neutron number56
Giraniya atomê
86,969007 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
29 ± 4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)81%
2n (2-neutron emission)10.2%

88Ga

Hejmara baristeyî88
neutron number57
Giraniya atomê
87,975963 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Gallium crystals

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerPaul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
location of discoveryFrance
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1875
BêjenasîLatin: Gallia (France).
pronunciationGAL-i-em (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00076 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6906
2p3.9092
2s8.401
3d15.9067
3p14.7964
3s14.0038
4p24.7784
4s23.9332