Kriptona

Kriptona (Kr)

36 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number36
Atomic Weight83.798
masa-zenbaki84
Group18
Period4
Blockp
protoi36 p+
neutroi48 n0
elektroi36 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Kr (Kriptona)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
117 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
Crystal Radius
Van der Waalsen erradio
202 pm
dentsitatea
0,003425 g/cm³

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
424,6 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
13,9996049 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Kr (Kriptona)
Irakite-entalpia
9,05 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
formazio entalpia estandarra
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 8
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Kr (Kriptona)
balentzia-elektroi8
Lewis egitura: Kr (Kriptona)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Kr (Kriptona)
Orbital Diagram of Kr (Kriptona)
Oxidazio-egoera0, 1, 2
Elektronegatibotasun
Electrophilicity Index
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraGas
materiaren egoera gaseosoMonoatomic
Boiling Point
119,735 K
Melting Point
115,78 K
critical pressure
5,525 MPa
critical temperature
209,48 K
Puntu hirukoitz
115,775 K
73,53 kPa
appearance
kolore
Colorless
appearancecolorless gas, exhibiting a whitish glow in a high electric field
errefrakzio-indize
1,000427
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,0095 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
molar heat capacity
20,786 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,248 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko5/3
electrical properties
type
Eroankortasun elektriko
Erresistibitate elektriko
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000044 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000000369 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000000165
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
5,72 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
Zizaila modulua
Youngen modulu
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
1.120 m/s
classification
CategoryNoble gases, Noble gases
CAS GroupVIII
IUPAC GroupVIIIA
Glawe Number4
Mendeleev Number115
Pettifor Number4
Geochemical Classvolatile
Goldschmidt classificationatmophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
402,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
16,78 ± 0,02 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
130 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
25
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,013
zenbaki kuantiko1S0
talde espazial225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Krypton

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition8456.99%8456.99%8617.28%8617.28%8211.59%8211.59%8311.50%8311.50%802.29%802.29%780.36%780.36%

67Kr

masa-zenbaki67
neutron number31
atomo-masa erlatibo
66,983305 ± 0,000455 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,4 ± 2,9 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2016
parity-

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)37%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

68Kr

masa-zenbaki68
neutron number32
atomo-masa erlatibo
67,972489 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,6 ± 3,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2016
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)90%
p (proton emission)

69Kr

masa-zenbaki69
neutron number33
atomo-masa erlatibo
68,965496 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
27,9 ± 0,8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1995
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)94%

70Kr

masa-zenbaki70
neutron number34
atomo-masa erlatibo
69,955877 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
45 ± 0,14 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.3%

71Kr

masa-zenbaki71
neutron number35
atomo-masa erlatibo
70,950265695 ± 0,000138238 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
98,8 ± 0,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.1%

72Kr

masa-zenbaki72
neutron number36
atomo-masa erlatibo
71,942092406 ± 0,0000086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17,16 ± 0,18 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

73Kr

masa-zenbaki73
neutron number37
atomo-masa erlatibo
72,939289193 ± 0,000007061 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
27,3 ± 1 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.25%

74Kr

masa-zenbaki74
neutron number38
atomo-masa erlatibo
73,933084016 ± 0,000002161 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
11,5 ± 0,11 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

75Kr

masa-zenbaki75
neutron number39
atomo-masa erlatibo
74,930945744 ± 0,0000087 Da
g-factor
−0,2124 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,6 ± 0,07 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,137 ± 0,013
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

76Kr

masa-zenbaki76
neutron number40
atomo-masa erlatibo
75,925910743 ± 0,000004308 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,8 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

77Kr

masa-zenbaki77
neutron number41
atomo-masa erlatibo
76,924669999 ± 0,0000021 Da
g-factor
−0,2332 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
72,6 ± 0,9 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,948 ± 0,01
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

78Kr

masa-zenbaki78
neutron number42
atomo-masa erlatibo
77,920366341 ± 0,000000329 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,355 ± 0,003
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

79Kr

masa-zenbaki79
neutron number43
atomo-masa erlatibo
78,920082919 ± 0,000003736 Da
g-factor
1,072 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
35,04 ± 0,1 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

80Kr

masa-zenbaki80
neutron number44
atomo-masa erlatibo
79,91637794 ± 0,000000745 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,286 ± 0,01
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

81Kr

masa-zenbaki81
neutron number45
atomo-masa erlatibo
80,916589703 ± 0,000001152 Da
g-factor
−0,25914285714286 ± 0,00057142857142857
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
229 ± 11 ky
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,644 ± 0,004
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

82Kr

masa-zenbaki82
neutron number46
atomo-masa erlatibo
81,91348115368 ± 0,00000000591 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,593 ± 0,031
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

83Kr

masa-zenbaki83
neutron number47
atomo-masa erlatibo
82,914126516 ± 0,000000009 Da
g-factor
−0,21571777777778 ± 0,00000066666666666667
natural abundance
11,5 ± 0,019
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,259 ± 0,001
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

84Kr

masa-zenbaki84
neutron number48
atomo-masa erlatibo
83,91149772708 ± 0,0000000041 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
56,987 ± 0,015
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

85Kr

masa-zenbaki85
neutron number49
atomo-masa erlatibo
84,91252726 ± 0,000002147 Da
g-factor
−0,22344444444444 ± 0,000088888888888889
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,728 ± 0,007 y
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,443 ± 0,003
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

86Kr

masa-zenbaki86
neutron number50
atomo-masa erlatibo
85,91061062468 ± 0,00000000399 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,279 ± 0,041
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

87Kr

masa-zenbaki87
neutron number51
atomo-masa erlatibo
86,913354759 ± 0,000000264 Da
g-factor
−0,4088 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
76,3 ± 0,5 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,3 ± 0,003
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

88Kr

masa-zenbaki88
neutron number52
atomo-masa erlatibo
87,914447879 ± 0,0000028 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,825 ± 0,019 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

89Kr

masa-zenbaki89
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
88,917835449 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
−0,22 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,15 ± 0,04 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,166 ± 0,002
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

90Kr

masa-zenbaki90
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
89,919527929 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32,32 ± 0,09 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

91Kr

masa-zenbaki91
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
90,923806309 ± 0,0000024 Da
g-factor
−0,2332 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,57 ± 0,04 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,303 ± 0,006
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

92Kr

masa-zenbaki92
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
91,926173092 ± 0,0000029 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,84 ± 0,008 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.0332%

93Kr

masa-zenbaki93
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
92,931147172 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
−0,826 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,287 ± 0,01 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.95%

94Kr

masa-zenbaki94
neutron number58
atomo-masa erlatibo
93,934140452 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
212 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.11%

95Kr

masa-zenbaki95
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
94,939710922 ± 0,00002 Da
g-factor
−0,82 ± 0,006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
114 ± 3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.87%
2n (2-neutron emission)

96Kr

masa-zenbaki96
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
95,943014473 ± 0,000020695 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
80 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3.7%

97Kr

masa-zenbaki97
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
96,949088782 ± 0,00014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
62,2 ± 3,2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.7%
2n (2-neutron emission)

98Kr

masa-zenbaki98
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
97,952635 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
42,8 ± 3,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7%
2n (2-neutron emission)

99Kr

masa-zenbaki99
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
98,958776 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
40 ± 11 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)11%
2n (2-neutron emission)

100Kr

masa-zenbaki100
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
99,962995 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

101Kr

masa-zenbaki101
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
100,969318 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Krypton discharge tube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaSir William Ramsey, M.W. Travers
aurkikuntzaren lekuaGreat Britain
aurkikuntza-data1898
etimologiaGreek: kryptos (hidden).
pronunciationKRIP-ton (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,0001 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00021 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
Abundance in Universe
0,000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.7684
2p3.953
2s9.602
3d15.3741
3p15.5658
3s14.9673
4p26.2308
4s24.6844