Lantanoa

Lantanoa (La)

57 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number57
Atomic Weight138.90547
masa-zenbaki139
Group3
Period6
Blockd
protoi57 p+
neutroi82 n0
elektroi57 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of La (Lantanoa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
195 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
180 pm
Metallic Radius
169 pm
Erradio ioniko
103,2 pm
Crystal Radius
117,2 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
243 pm
dentsitatea
6,15 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Lantanoa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
1.013 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
ionizazio energia of La (Lantanoa)
Irakite-entalpia
402 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
8,5 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
431 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 18, 9, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: La (Lantanoa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: La (Lantanoa)
electron configuration[Xe] 5d1 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 5d1 6s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of La (Lantanoa)
Orbital Diagram of La (Lantanoa)
Oxidazio-egoera0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegatibotasun
1.1
Electrophilicity Index
0,894990101871977 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
3.737,15 K
Melting Point
1.193,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
13,4 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000121 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,11 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,195 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
1,6 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000061 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
4,88 K
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,000000011 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000001528 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,00006761
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,75 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
2,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
28 GPa
Zizaila modulua
14 GPa
Youngen modulu
37 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,28
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.475 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS GroupIIIA
IUPAC GroupIIIB
Glawe Number32
Mendeleev Number13
Pettifor Number33
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
991,9 kJ/mol
polarizability
215 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
8,98
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0023
zenbaki kuantiko2D3/2
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Lanthanum

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition13999.91%13999.91%1380.09%1380.09%

116La

masa-zenbaki116
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
115,957005 ± 0,000345 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

117La

masa-zenbaki117
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
116,950326 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,7 ± 1,8 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

118La

masa-zenbaki118
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
117,946731 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

119La

masa-zenbaki119
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
118,940934 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

120La

masa-zenbaki120
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
119,938196 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,8 ± 0,2 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1984
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

121La

masa-zenbaki121
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
120,933236 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,3 ± 0,2 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1988
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

122La

masa-zenbaki122
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
121,93071 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,6 ± 0,5 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1984
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

123La

masa-zenbaki123
neutron number66
atomo-masa erlatibo
122,9263 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17 ± 3 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

124La

masa-zenbaki124
neutron number67
atomo-masa erlatibo
123,924574275 ± 0,000060836 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
29,21 ± 0,17 s
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

125La

masa-zenbaki125
neutron number68
atomo-masa erlatibo
124,920815931 ± 0,000027909 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
64,8 ± 1,2 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

126La

masa-zenbaki126
neutron number69
atomo-masa erlatibo
125,919512667 ± 0,000097163 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
54 ± 2 s
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

127La

masa-zenbaki127
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
126,916375083 ± 0,000027912 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,1 ± 0,1 m
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

128La

masa-zenbaki128
neutron number71
atomo-masa erlatibo
127,915592123 ± 0,000058452 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,18 ± 0,14 m
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

129La

masa-zenbaki129
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
128,912695592 ± 0,000022913 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
11,6 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

130La

masa-zenbaki130
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
129,912369413 ± 0,000027854 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,7 ± 0,1 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

131La

masa-zenbaki131
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
130,91007 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
59 ± 2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

132La

masa-zenbaki132
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
131,910119047 ± 0,000039032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,59 ± 0,04 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

133La

masa-zenbaki133
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
132,908218 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,912 ± 0,008 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

134La

masa-zenbaki134
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
133,908514011 ± 0,000021395 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,45 ± 0,16 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

135La

masa-zenbaki135
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
134,906984427 ± 0,000010126 Da
g-factor
1,48 ± 0,036
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
18,91 ± 0,02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,4 ± 0,4
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

136La

masa-zenbaki136
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
135,907634962 ± 0,000057081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,87 ± 0,03 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

137La

masa-zenbaki137
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
136,906450438 ± 0,00000176 Da
g-factor
0,77028571428571 ± 0,0017142857142857
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
60 ± 20 ky
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,21 ± 0,04
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

138La

masa-zenbaki138
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
137,907124041 ± 0,000000446 Da
g-factor
0,74168 ± 0,00004
natural abundance
0,08881 ± 0,00071
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
103 ± 1 Gy
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,39 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)65.5%
β (β decay)34.5%

139La

masa-zenbaki139
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
138,906362927 ± 0,000000651 Da
g-factor
0,79402857142857 ± 0,000057142857142857
natural abundance
99,91119 ± 0,00071
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,206 ± 0,004
aurkikuntza-data1924
parity+

140La

masa-zenbaki140
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
139,909487285 ± 0,000000651 Da
g-factor
0,24333333333333 ± 0,005
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
40,289 ± 0,004 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,087 ± 0,013
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

141La

masa-zenbaki141
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
140,910971155 ± 0,00000443 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,92 ± 0,03 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

142La

masa-zenbaki142
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
141,91409076 ± 0,000006748 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
91,1 ± 0,5 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

143La

masa-zenbaki143
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
142,916079482 ± 0,000007868 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,2 ± 0,1 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

144La

masa-zenbaki144
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
143,919645589 ± 0,000013888 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
44 ± 0,7 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

145La

masa-zenbaki145
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
144,921808065 ± 0,00001317 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
24,8 ± 2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

146La

masa-zenbaki146
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
145,925688017 ± 0,000001797 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,9 ± 0,1 s
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

147La

masa-zenbaki147
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
146,9284178 ± 0,0000115 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,026 ± 0,02 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.041%

148La

masa-zenbaki148
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
147,9326794 ± 0,0000209 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,414 ± 0,025 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.18%

149La

masa-zenbaki149
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
148,935351259 ± 0,00021499 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,071 ± 0,022 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.43%

150La

masa-zenbaki150
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
149,9395475 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
504 ± 15 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.7%

151La

masa-zenbaki151
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
150,942769 ± 0,0004675 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
465 ± 24 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

152La

masa-zenbaki152
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
151,947085 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
287 ± 16 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

153La

masa-zenbaki153
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
152,950553 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
245 ± 18 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

154La

masa-zenbaki154
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
153,955416 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
161 ± 15 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2017
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

155La

masa-zenbaki155
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
154,95928 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
101 ± 28 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2016
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

156La

masa-zenbaki156
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
155,964519 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
84 ± 78 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

157La

masa-zenbaki157
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
156,968792 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Lanthan 1-cropflipped

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaCarl Mosander
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSweden
aurkikuntza-data1839
etimologiaGreek: lanthanein (to be hidden).
pronunciationLAN-the-nem (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,0000034 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000028 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.1317
2p4.2044
2s15.0466
3d13.9398
3p18.8604
3s19.0569
4d32.2748
4f55.64
4p29.2936
4s28.2036
5p41.104
5s39.189
6s47.688