Molibden, ²Molybdeni

Molibden, ²Molybdeni (Mo)

komponim kimik
Atomic Number42
Atomic Weight95.95
Numri i masës98
Group6
Period5
Blockd
protoni42 p+
neutroni56 n0
elektroni42 e-
Animated Bohr model of Mo (Molibden, ²Molybdeni)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
145 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
138 pm
Metallic Radius
130 pm
ionic radius
69 pm
Crystal Radius
83 pm
Van der Waals radius
217 pm
density
10,2 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Molibden, ²Molybdeni0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,09243 eV/particle
ionization energy of Mo (Molibden, ²Molybdeni)
enthalpy of vaporization
590 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
658,98 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 13, 1
Bohr model: Mo (Molibden, ²Molybdeni)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Mo (Molibden, ²Molybdeni)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Kr] 4d5 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d5 5s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Mo (Molibden, ²Molybdeni)
Orbital Diagram of Mo (Molibden, ²Molybdeni)
oxidation number-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegativiteti
2.16
Electrophilicity Index
1,2111478608972754 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4 912,15 K
Melting Point
2 895,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Gray
appearancegray metallic
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000048 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,06 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,251 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
20 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000004999999999997 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
0,915 K
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000117 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000001122 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0001203
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
3,15 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
5,5 MPa
bulk modulus
230 GPa
shear modulus
120 GPa
Young's modulus
329 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,31
Shpejtësia e zërit
6 190 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIA
IUPAC GroupVIB
Glawe Number56
Mendeleev Number52
Pettifor Number55
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
87 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2,6
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0009
numër kuantik7S3
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Molybdenum

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes35
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition9824.29%9824.29%9515.87%9515.87%9616.67%9616.67%9214.65%9214.65%949.19%949.19%979.58%979.58%1009.74%1009.74%

81Mo

Numri i masës81
numri i neutroneve39
relative atomic mass
80,966226 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2013
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

82Mo

Numri i masës82
numri i neutroneve40
relative atomic mass
81,956661 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2013
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

83Mo

Numri i masës83
numri i neutroneve41
relative atomic mass
82,950252 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23 ± 19 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1999
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

84Mo

Numri i masës84
numri i neutroneve42
relative atomic mass
83,941846 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,3 ± 0,3 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1991
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

85Mo

Numri i masës85
numri i neutroneve43
relative atomic mass
84,938260736 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,2 ± 0,2 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.14%

86Mo

Numri i masës86
numri i neutroneve44
relative atomic mass
85,931174092 ± 0,000003147 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,1 ± 0,3 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1991
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Mo

Numri i masës87
numri i neutroneve45
relative atomic mass
86,928196198 ± 0,000003067 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,1 ± 0,3 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1977
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)15%

88Mo

Numri i masës88
numri i neutroneve46
relative atomic mass
87,921967779 ± 0,0000041 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8 ± 0,2 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

89Mo

Numri i masës89
numri i neutroneve47
relative atomic mass
88,919468149 ± 0,0000042 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,11 ± 0,1 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1980
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

90Mo

Numri i masës90
numri i neutroneve48
relative atomic mass
89,91393127 ± 0,000003717 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,56 ± 0,09 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1953
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

91Mo

Numri i masës91
numri i neutroneve49
relative atomic mass
90,91174519 ± 0,000006696 Da
g-factor
-0,20688888888889 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,49 ± 0,01 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

92Mo

Numri i masës92
numri i neutroneve50
relative atomic mass
91,906807153 ± 0,000000168 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
14,649 ± 0,106
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1930
parity+

decay modeintensitet
+ (double β+ decay)

93Mo

Numri i masës93
numri i neutroneve51
relative atomic mass
92,906808772 ± 0,000000193 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4 ± 0,8 ky
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1946
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

94Mo

Numri i masës94
numri i neutroneve52
relative atomic mass
93,905083586 ± 0,000000151 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
9,187 ± 0,033
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1930
parity+

95Mo

Numri i masës95
numri i neutroneve53
relative atomic mass
94,905837436 ± 0,000000132 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
15,873 ± 0,03
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,022 ± 0,001
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1930
parity+

96Mo

Numri i masës96
numri i neutroneve54
relative atomic mass
95,90467477 ± 0,000000128 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
16,673 ± 0,008
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1930
parity+

97Mo

Numri i masës97
numri i neutroneve55
relative atomic mass
96,906016903 ± 0,000000176 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
9,582 ± 0,015
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,255 ± 0,013
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1930
parity+

98Mo

Numri i masës98
numri i neutroneve56
relative atomic mass
97,905403609 ± 0,000000186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,292 ± 0,08
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1930
parity+

decay modeintensitet
(double β decay)

99Mo

Numri i masës99
numri i neutroneve57
relative atomic mass
98,907707299 ± 0,000000245 Da
g-factor
0,75 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
65,932 ± 0,005 h
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

100Mo

Numri i masës100
numri i neutroneve58
relative atomic mass
99,907467982 ± 0,000000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
9,744 ± 0,065
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,07 ± 0,14 Ey
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1930
parity+

decay modeintensitet
(double β decay)100%

101Mo

Numri i masës101
numri i neutroneve59
relative atomic mass
100,910337648 ± 0,000000331 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,61 ± 0,03 m
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1941
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

102Mo

Numri i masës102
numri i neutroneve60
relative atomic mass
101,910293725 ± 0,000008916 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,3 ± 0,2 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1954
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

103Mo

Numri i masës103
numri i neutroneve61
relative atomic mass
102,913091954 ± 0,0000099 Da
g-factor
-0,18 ± 0,013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
67,5 ± 1,5 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

104Mo

Numri i masës104
numri i neutroneve62
relative atomic mass
103,913747443 ± 0,000009566 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
60 ± 2 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1962
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

105Mo

Numri i masës105
numri i neutroneve63
relative atomic mass
104,916981989 ± 0,000009721 Da
g-factor
-0,22 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
36,3 ± 0,8 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1962
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

106Mo

Numri i masës106
numri i neutroneve64
relative atomic mass
105,918273231 ± 0,000009801 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,73 ± 0,12 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

107Mo

Numri i masës107
numri i neutroneve65
relative atomic mass
106,92211977 ± 0,000009901 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,5 ± 0,5 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

108Mo

Numri i masës108
numri i neutroneve66
relative atomic mass
107,924047508 ± 0,000009901 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,105 ± 0,01 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.5%

109Mo

Numri i masës109
numri i neutroneve67
relative atomic mass
108,928438318 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
700 ± 14 ms
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.3%

110Mo

Numri i masës110
numri i neutroneve68
relative atomic mass
109,930717956 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
292 ± 7 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2%

111Mo

Numri i masës111
numri i neutroneve69
relative atomic mass
110,935651966 ± 0,000013503 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
193,6 ± 4,4 ms
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

112Mo

Numri i masës112
numri i neutroneve70
relative atomic mass
111,938293 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
125 ± 5 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

113Mo

Numri i masës113
numri i neutroneve71
relative atomic mass
112,943478 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
80 ± 2 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

114Mo

Numri i masës114
numri i neutroneve72
relative atomic mass
113,946666 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
58 ± 2 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

115Mo

Numri i masës115
numri i neutroneve73
relative atomic mass
114,952174 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45,5 ± 2 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

116Mo

Numri i masës116
numri i neutroneve74
relative atomic mass
115,955759 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32 ± 4 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

117Mo

Numri i masës117
numri i neutroneve75
relative atomic mass
116,961686 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
22 ± 5 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

118Mo

Numri i masës118
numri i neutroneve76
relative atomic mass
117,965249 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21 ± 6 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2015
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

119Mo

Numri i masës119
numri i neutroneve77
relative atomic mass
118,971465 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Molybdenum crystaline fragment and 1cm3 cube

historia

zbuluesCarl Wilhelm Scheele
vendndodhja e zbulimitSweden
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1778
EtimologjiaGreek: molybdos (lead).
pronunciationmeh-LIB-deh-nem (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,01 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00012 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.8744
2p4.0282
2s11.1232
3d14.7717
3p16.5264
3s16.0185
4d30.6076
4p27.0232
4s25.9036
5s35.894