Azot, ²Dušik

Azot, ²Dušik (N)

hemijski element sa simbolom N i atomskim brojem 7
Atomic Number7
Atomic Weight14.007
Maseni broj14
Group15
Period2
Blockp
Proton7 p+
Neutron7 n0
Elektron7 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of N (Azot, ²Dušik)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
65 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
71 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
146 pm
Crystal Radius
132 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
155 pm
gustoća
0,001145 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Azot, ²Dušik0102030405060708090100110120130140150160pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
342,2 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
14,53413 eV/particle
ionization energy of N (Azot, ²Dušik)
Toplota isparavanja
toplota topljenja
standard enthalpy of formation
472,44 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 5
Bohrov model atoma: N (Azot, ²Dušik)
Valentni elektron5
Lewis structure: N (Azot, ²Dušik)
electron configuration[He] 2s2 2p3
1s2 2s2 2p3
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of N (Azot, ²Dušik)
Orbital Diagram of N (Azot, ²Dušik)
oksidacijsko stanje-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativnost
3.04
Electrophilicity Index
1,353269450990578 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeGas
gaseous state of matterDiatomic
Boiling Point
77,355 K
Melting Point
63,15 K
critical pressure
3,3958 MPa
Kritična temperatura
126,192 K
Trojna tačka
63,151 K
12,52 kPa
appearance
boja
Colorless
appearancecolorless gas, liquid or solid
Indeks prelamanja
1,000298
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,026 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
29,124 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio7/5
electrical properties
type
Specifična električna provodljivost
electrical resistivity
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000054 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,00000000015 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000000068
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
4,039 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Brzina zvuka
333,6 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number88
Mendeleev Number93
Pettifor Number100
Geochemical Classvolatile
Goldschmidt classificationatmophile

other

Gas Basicity
318,7 kJ/mol
polarizability
7,4 ± 0,2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
24,2 a₀
allotropeDinitrogen
Neutron cross section
1,91
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0048
Kvantni brojevi4S3/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Nitrogen

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes14
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition1499.62%1499.62%150.38%150.38%

10N

Maseni broj10
broj neutrona3
relative atomic mass
10,04165354 ± 0,000429417 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
143 ± 36 ys
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2002
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

11N

Maseni broj11
broj neutrona4
relative atomic mass
11,026157593 ± 0,000005368 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
585 ± 7 ys
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

12N

Maseni broj12
broj neutrona5
relative atomic mass
12,01861318 ± 0,000001073 Da
g-factor
0,4571 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11 ± 0,016 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,01 ± 0,0009
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)1.93%

13N

Maseni broj13
broj neutrona6
relative atomic mass
13,005738609 ± 0,000000289 Da
g-factor
0,6438 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,965 ± 0,004 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

14N

Maseni broj14
broj neutrona7
relative atomic mass
14,00307400425 ± 0,00000000024 Da
g-factor
0,403573 ± 0,000002
natural abundance
99,6205 ± 0,0247
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1920
parity+

15N

Maseni broj15
broj neutrona8
relative atomic mass
15,00010889827 ± 0,00000000062 Da
g-factor
-0,5661138 ± 0,0000028
natural abundance
0,3795 ± 0,0247
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1929
parity-

16N

Maseni broj16
broj neutrona9
relative atomic mass
16,006101925 ± 0,00000247 Da
g-factor
0,9928 ± 0,00055
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,13 ± 0,02 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,018 ± 0,002
datum otkrića1933
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.00154%

17N

Maseni broj17
broj neutrona10
relative atomic mass
17,008448876 ± 0,000016103 Da
g-factor
0,7104 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,173 ± 0,004 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)95.1%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.0025%

18N

Maseni broj18
broj neutrona11
relative atomic mass
18,014077563 ± 0,000019935 Da
g-factor
0,3274 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
619,2 ± 1,9 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0123 ± 0,0012
datum otkrića1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7%
βα (β-delayed α emission)12.2%
2n (2-neutron emission)

19N

Maseni broj19
broj neutrona12
relative atomic mass
19,017022389 ± 0,00001761 Da
g-factor
0,61 ± 0,03
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
336 ± 3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)41.8%

20N

Maseni broj20
broj neutrona13
relative atomic mass
20,023367295 ± 0,000084696 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
136 ± 3 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)42.9%
2n (2-neutron emission)

21N

Maseni broj21
broj neutrona14
relative atomic mass
21,027087573 ± 0,000143906 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
85 ± 5 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)87%
2n (2-neutron emission)

22N

Maseni broj22
broj neutrona15
relative atomic mass
22,034100918 ± 0,00022306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
23 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)34%
2n (2-neutron emission)12%

23N

Maseni broj23
broj neutrona16
relative atomic mass
23,039421 ± 0,0004515 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
13,9 ± 1,4 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)42%
2n (2-neutron emission)8%
3n (3-neutron emission)3.4%

24N

Maseni broj24
broj neutrona17
relative atomic mass
24,05039 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

25N

Maseni broj25
broj neutrona18
relative atomic mass
25,0601 ± 0,00054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
β (β decay)
Fluessiger Stickstoff

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljDaniel Rutherford
mjesto otkrićaScotland
datum otkrića1772
EtimologijaGreek: nitron and genes, (soda forming).
pronunciationNYE-treh-gen (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (okean)
0,5 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
2,6 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,14 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,1 %
Abundance in Universe
0,1 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3349
2p3.166
2s3.1526