Sodioa

Sodioa (Na)

11 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number11
Atomic Weight22.98976928
masa-zenbaki23
Group1
Period3
Blocks
protoi11 p+
neutroi12 n0
elektroi11 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Na (Sodioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
180 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
155 pm
Metallic Radius
157 pm
Erradio ioniko
99 pm
Crystal Radius
113 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
227 pm
dentsitatea
0,97 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Sodioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
0,547926 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
5,1390767 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Na (Sodioa)
Irakite-entalpia
97,9 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
2,64 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
107,5 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 1
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Na (Sodioa)
balentzia-elektroi1
Lewis egitura: Na (Sodioa)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Na (Sodioa)
Orbital Diagram of Na (Sodioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-1, 0, 1
Elektronegatibotasun
0.93
Electrophilicity Index
0,8805526605183994 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
1.156,09 K
Melting Point
370,944 K
critical pressure
35 MPa
critical temperature
2.573,15 K
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white metallic
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,00007 1/K
molar heat capacity
28,23 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
1,228 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
21 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000004699999999998 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000000088 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,0000000002 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0000086
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
4,23 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
0,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
6,3 GPa
Zizaila modulua
3,3 GPa
Youngen modulu
10 GPa
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
3.200 m/s
classification
CategoryAlkali metals, Alkali metals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number11
Mendeleev Number2
Pettifor Number11
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
162,7 ± 0,5 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
1.518 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,53
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0007
zenbaki kuantiko2S1/2
talde espazial229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Sodium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes22
Natural Isotopes1

17Na

masa-zenbaki17
neutron number6
atomo-masa erlatibo
17,037273 ± 0,000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

18Na

masa-zenbaki18
neutron number7
atomo-masa erlatibo
18,026879388 ± 0,000100785 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,3 ± 0,4 zs
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2004
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

19Na

masa-zenbaki19
neutron number8
atomo-masa erlatibo
19,013880264 ± 0,000011309 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

20Na

masa-zenbaki20
neutron number9
atomo-masa erlatibo
20,007354301 ± 0,00000119 Da
g-factor
0,1847 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
447,9 ± 2,3 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,101 ± 0,008
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)25%

21Na

masa-zenbaki21
neutron number10
atomo-masa erlatibo
20,997654459 ± 0,000000045 Da
g-factor
1,5907333333333 ± 0,000026666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
22,455 ± 0,0054 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,138 ± 0,011
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

22Na

masa-zenbaki22
neutron number11
atomo-masa erlatibo
21,994437547 ± 0,000000141 Da
g-factor
0,582 ± 0,001
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,6019 ± 0,0006 y
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,18 ± 0,011
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)90.57%
ϵ (electron capture)9.43%

23Na

masa-zenbaki23
neutron number12
atomo-masa erlatibo
22,98976928195 ± 0,00000000194 Da
g-factor
1,4783333333333 ± 0,00002
natural abundance
100
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,104 ± 0,001
aurkikuntza-data1921
parity+

24Na

masa-zenbaki24
neutron number13
atomo-masa erlatibo
23,990963012 ± 0,000000017 Da
g-factor
0,422575 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,956 ± 0,0015 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

25Na

masa-zenbaki25
neutron number14
atomo-masa erlatibo
24,989953974 ± 0,000001288 Da
g-factor
1,4732 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
59,1 ± 0,6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0015 ± 0,0003
aurkikuntza-data1943
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

26Na

masa-zenbaki26
neutron number15
atomo-masa erlatibo
25,992634649 ± 0,000003759 Da
g-factor
0,95033333333333 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1.071,28 ± 0,25 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0053 ± 0,0002
aurkikuntza-data1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

27Na

masa-zenbaki27
neutron number16
atomo-masa erlatibo
26,994076408 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
1,558 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
301 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0071 ± 0,0003
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.098%

28Na

masa-zenbaki28
neutron number17
atomo-masa erlatibo
27,998939 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
2,426 ± 0,003
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
33,1 ± 1,3 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,389 ± 0,011
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.58%

29Na

masa-zenbaki29
neutron number18
atomo-masa erlatibo
29,002877091 ± 0,000007876 Da
g-factor
1,6326666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
43,2 ± 0,4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,085 ± 0,003
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)22%
2n (2-neutron emission)

30Na

masa-zenbaki30
neutron number19
atomo-masa erlatibo
30,009097931 ± 0,000005074 Da
g-factor
1,0415 ± 0,005
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
45,9 ± 0,7 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28.6%
2n (2-neutron emission)1.24%
βα (β-delayed α emission)5.5%

31Na

masa-zenbaki31
neutron number20
atomo-masa erlatibo
31,013146654 ± 0,000015 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
16,8 ± 0,3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.73%
3n (3-neutron emission)0.05%

32Na

masa-zenbaki32
neutron number21
atomo-masa erlatibo
32,020011024 ± 0,00004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,9 ± 0,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

33Na

masa-zenbaki33
neutron number22
atomo-masa erlatibo
33,025529 ± 0,000483 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,2 ± 0,4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)47%
2n (2-neutron emission)13%

34Na

masa-zenbaki34
neutron number23
atomo-masa erlatibo
34,03401 ± 0,0006435 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,5 ± 1 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
2n (2-neutron emission)50%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)15%

35Na

masa-zenbaki35
neutron number24
atomo-masa erlatibo
35,040614 ± 0,00072 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,5 ± 0,5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

36Na

masa-zenbaki36
neutron number25
atomo-masa erlatibo
36,049279 ± 0,000737 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

37Na

masa-zenbaki37
neutron number26
atomo-masa erlatibo
37,057042 ± 0,000737 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2002
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

38Na

masa-zenbaki38
neutron number27
atomo-masa erlatibo
38,066458 ± 0,000768 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

39Na

masa-zenbaki39
neutron number28
atomo-masa erlatibo
39,075123 ± 0,000797 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2019
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sodium Atom

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaSir Humphrey Davy
aurkikuntzaren lekuaEngland
aurkikuntza-data1807
etimologiaMedieval Latin: sodanum, (headache remedy); symbol from Latin natrium, (sodium carbonate).
pronunciationSO-di-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
23.600 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
10.800 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,14 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,55 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3741
2p4.1982
2s4.4286
3s8.4926