Natrium

Natrium (Na)

chemical element with symbol Na and atomic number 11
Atomic Number11
Atomic Weight22.98976928
Numri i masës23
Group1
Period3
Blocks
protoni11 p+
neutroni12 n0
elektroni11 e-
Animated Bohr model of Na (Natrium)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
180 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
155 pm
Metallic Radius
157 pm
ionic radius
99 pm
Crystal Radius
113 pm
Van der Waals radius
227 pm
density
0,97 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Natrium0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,547926 eV/particle
ionization energy
5,1390767 eV/particle
ionization energy of Na (Natrium)
enthalpy of vaporization
97,9 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
2,64 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
107,5 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 1
Bohr model: Na (Natrium)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Na (Natrium)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Ne] 3s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Na (Natrium)
Orbital Diagram of Na (Natrium)
oxidation number-1, 0, 1
Elektronegativiteti
0.93
Electrophilicity Index
0,8805526605183994 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 156,09 K
Melting Point
370,944 K
critical pressure
35 MPa
critical temperature
2 573,15 K
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Silver
appearancesilvery white metallic
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,00007 1/K
molar heat capacity
28,23 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
1,228 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
21 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000004699999999998 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000088 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,0000000002 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000086
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
4,23 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
0,5 MPa
bulk modulus
6,3 GPa
shear modulus
3,3 GPa
Young's modulus
10 GPa
Poisson's ratio
Shpejtësia e zërit
3 200 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryAlkali metals, Alkali metals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number11
Mendeleev Number2
Pettifor Number11
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
162,7 ± 0,5 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
1 518 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,53
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0007
numër kuantik2S1/2
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Sodium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes22
Natural Isotopes1

17Na

Numri i masës17
numri i neutroneve6
relative atomic mass
17,037273 ± 0,000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2017
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%

18Na

Numri i masës18
numri i neutroneve7
relative atomic mass
18,026879388 ± 0,000100785 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,3 ± 0,4 zs
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2004
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)

19Na

Numri i masës19
numri i neutroneve8
relative atomic mass
19,013880264 ± 0,000011309 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%

20Na

Numri i masës20
numri i neutroneve9
relative atomic mass
20,007354301 ± 0,00000119 Da
g-factor
0,1847 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
447,9 ± 2,3 ms
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,101 ± 0,008
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)25%

21Na

Numri i masës21
numri i neutroneve10
relative atomic mass
20,997654459 ± 0,000000045 Da
g-factor
1,5907333333333 ± 0,000026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
22,455 ± 0,0054 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,138 ± 0,011
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

22Na

Numri i masës22
numri i neutroneve11
relative atomic mass
21,994437547 ± 0,000000141 Da
g-factor
0,582 ± 0,001
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,6019 ± 0,0006 y
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,18 ± 0,011
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)90.57%
ϵ (electron capture)9.43%

23Na

Numri i masës23
numri i neutroneve12
relative atomic mass
22,98976928195 ± 0,00000000194 Da
g-factor
1,4783333333333 ± 0,00002
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,104 ± 0,001
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1921
parity+

24Na

Numri i masës24
numri i neutroneve13
relative atomic mass
23,990963012 ± 0,000000017 Da
g-factor
0,422575 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,956 ± 0,0015 h
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1934
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

25Na

Numri i masës25
numri i neutroneve14
relative atomic mass
24,989953974 ± 0,000001288 Da
g-factor
1,4732 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
59,1 ± 0,6 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0015 ± 0,0003
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1943
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

26Na

Numri i masës26
numri i neutroneve15
relative atomic mass
25,992634649 ± 0,000003759 Da
g-factor
0,95033333333333 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1 071,28 ± 0,25 ms
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0053 ± 0,0002
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1958
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

27Na

Numri i masës27
numri i neutroneve16
relative atomic mass
26,994076408 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
1,558 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
301 ± 6 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0071 ± 0,0003
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1968
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.098%

28Na

Numri i masës28
numri i neutroneve17
relative atomic mass
27,998939 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
2,426 ± 0,003
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33,1 ± 1,3 ms
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,389 ± 0,011
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.58%

29Na

Numri i masës29
numri i neutroneve18
relative atomic mass
29,002877091 ± 0,000007876 Da
g-factor
1,6326666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
43,2 ± 0,4 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,085 ± 0,003
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)22%
2n (2-neutron emission)

30Na

Numri i masës30
numri i neutroneve19
relative atomic mass
30,009097931 ± 0,000005074 Da
g-factor
1,0415 ± 0,005
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45,9 ± 0,7 ms
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28.6%
2n (2-neutron emission)1.24%
βα (β-delayed α emission)5.5%

31Na

Numri i masës31
numri i neutroneve20
relative atomic mass
31,013146654 ± 0,000015 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,8 ± 0,3 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.73%
3n (3-neutron emission)0.05%

32Na

Numri i masës32
numri i neutroneve21
relative atomic mass
32,020011024 ± 0,00004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,9 ± 0,3 ms
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

33Na

Numri i masës33
numri i neutroneve22
relative atomic mass
33,025529 ± 0,000483 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,2 ± 0,4 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)47%
2n (2-neutron emission)13%

34Na

Numri i masës34
numri i neutroneve23
relative atomic mass
34,03401 ± 0,0006435 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,5 ± 1 ms
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
2n (2-neutron emission)50%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)15%

35Na

Numri i masës35
numri i neutroneve24
relative atomic mass
35,040614 ± 0,00072 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,5 ± 0,5 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

36Na

Numri i masës36
numri i neutroneve25
relative atomic mass
36,049279 ± 0,000737 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity

decay modeintensitet
n (neutron emission)

37Na

Numri i masës37
numri i neutroneve26
relative atomic mass
37,057042 ± 0,000737 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2002
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

38Na

Numri i masës38
numri i neutroneve27
relative atomic mass
38,066458 ± 0,000768 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity

decay modeintensitet
n (neutron emission)

39Na

Numri i masës39
numri i neutroneve28
relative atomic mass
39,075123 ± 0,000797 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2019
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sodium Atom

historia

zbuluesSir Humphrey Davy
vendndodhja e zbulimitEngland
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1807
EtimologjiaMedieval Latin: sodanum, (headache remedy); symbol from Latin natrium, (sodium carbonate).
pronunciationSO-di-em (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
23 600 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
10 800 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,14 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,55 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3741
2p4.1982
2s4.4286
3s8.4926