Natriy

Natriy (Na)

chemical element with symbol Na and atomic number 11
Atomic Number11
Atomic Weight22.98976928
mass number23
Group1
Period3
Blocks
Proton11 p+
Neytron12 n0
Elektron11 e-
Animated Bohr model of Na (Natriy)

Fizik Xossa

Atom Radiusi
180 pm
Molyar hajm
Kovalentlik Radiusi
155 pm
Metallic Radius
157 pm
Ion radiuslar
99 pm
Crystal Radius
113 pm
Van der Waals radius
227 pm
density
0,97 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Natriy0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtom RadiusiKovalentlik RadiusiMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energiya
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,547926 eV/particle
ionization energy
5,1390767 eV/particle
ionization energy of Na (Natriy)
Solishtirma qaynash issiqligi
97,9 kJ/mol
solishtirma erish issiqligi
2,64 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
107,5 kJ/mol
Elektron
Ion asboblar2, 8, 1
Bohr model: Na (Natriy)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Na (Natriy)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Na (Natriy)
Orbital Diagram of Na (Natriy)
Oksidlanish darajasi-1, 0, 1
Elektrmanfiylik
0.93
Electrophilicity Index
0,8805526605183994 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 156,09 K
Melting Point
370,944 K
critical pressure
35 MPa
critical temperature
2 573,15 K
triple point
appearance
Rang
Silver
appearancesilvery white metallic
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Issiqlikdan kengayish
0,00007 1/K
molar heat capacity
28,23 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
1,228 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
21 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000004699999999998 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetizm
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000088 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,0000000002 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000086
magnetic ordering
Kyuri nuqtasi
Néel temperature
Tuzilma
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
Kristall panjara davri
4,23 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Qattiqlik
0,5 MPa
bulk modulus
6,3 GPa
shear modulus
3,3 GPa
Yung moduli
10 GPa
Poisson's ratio
Tovush tezligi
3 200 m/s
klassifikatsiya
CategoryAlkali metals, Alkali metals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number11
Mendeleev Number2
Pettifor Number11
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
162,7 ± 0,5 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
1 518 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,53
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0007
Atom kvant sonlari2S1/2
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Sodium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes22
Natural Isotopes1

17Na

mass number17
neutron number6
Nisbiy atom massa
17,037273 ± 0,000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

18Na

mass number18
neutron number7
Nisbiy atom massa
18,026879388 ± 0,000100785 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,3 ± 0,4 zs
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2004
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

19Na

mass number19
neutron number8
Nisbiy atom massa
19,013880264 ± 0,000011309 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

20Na

mass number20
neutron number9
Nisbiy atom massa
20,007354301 ± 0,00000119 Da
g-factor
0,1847 ± 0,0001
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
447,9 ± 2,3 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,101 ± 0,008
time of discovery or invention1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)25%

21Na

mass number21
neutron number10
Nisbiy atom massa
20,997654459 ± 0,000000045 Da
g-factor
1,5907333333333 ± 0,000026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
22,455 ± 0,0054 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,138 ± 0,011
time of discovery or invention1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

22Na

mass number22
neutron number11
Nisbiy atom massa
21,994437547 ± 0,000000141 Da
g-factor
0,582 ± 0,001
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,6019 ± 0,0006 y
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,18 ± 0,011
time of discovery or invention1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)90.57%
ϵ (electron capture)9.43%

23Na

mass number23
neutron number12
Nisbiy atom massa
22,98976928195 ± 0,00000000194 Da
g-factor
1,4783333333333 ± 0,00002
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,104 ± 0,001
time of discovery or invention1921
parity+

24Na

mass number24
neutron number13
Nisbiy atom massa
23,990963012 ± 0,000000017 Da
g-factor
0,422575 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
14,956 ± 0,0015 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

25Na

mass number25
neutron number14
Nisbiy atom massa
24,989953974 ± 0,000001288 Da
g-factor
1,4732 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
59,1 ± 0,6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0015 ± 0,0003
time of discovery or invention1943
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

26Na

mass number26
neutron number15
Nisbiy atom massa
25,992634649 ± 0,000003759 Da
g-factor
0,95033333333333 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1 071,28 ± 0,25 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0053 ± 0,0002
time of discovery or invention1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

27Na

mass number27
neutron number16
Nisbiy atom massa
26,994076408 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
1,558 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
301 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0071 ± 0,0003
time of discovery or invention1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.098%

28Na

mass number28
neutron number17
Nisbiy atom massa
27,998939 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
2,426 ± 0,003
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
33,1 ± 1,3 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,389 ± 0,011
time of discovery or invention1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.58%

29Na

mass number29
neutron number18
Nisbiy atom massa
29,002877091 ± 0,000007876 Da
g-factor
1,6326666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
43,2 ± 0,4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,085 ± 0,003
time of discovery or invention1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)22%
2n (2-neutron emission)

30Na

mass number30
neutron number19
Nisbiy atom massa
30,009097931 ± 0,000005074 Da
g-factor
1,0415 ± 0,005
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
45,9 ± 0,7 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28.6%
2n (2-neutron emission)1.24%
βα (β-delayed α emission)5.5%

31Na

mass number31
neutron number20
Nisbiy atom massa
31,013146654 ± 0,000015 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
16,8 ± 0,3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.73%
3n (3-neutron emission)0.05%

32Na

mass number32
neutron number21
Nisbiy atom massa
32,020011024 ± 0,00004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
12,9 ± 0,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

33Na

mass number33
neutron number22
Nisbiy atom massa
33,025529 ± 0,000483 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
8,2 ± 0,4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)47%
2n (2-neutron emission)13%

34Na

mass number34
neutron number23
Nisbiy atom massa
34,03401 ± 0,0006435 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
5,5 ± 1 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
2n (2-neutron emission)50%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)15%

35Na

mass number35
neutron number24
Nisbiy atom massa
35,040614 ± 0,00072 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,5 ± 0,5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

36Na

mass number36
neutron number25
Nisbiy atom massa
36,049279 ± 0,000737 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention
parity

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

37Na

mass number37
neutron number26
Nisbiy atom massa
37,057042 ± 0,000737 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2002
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

38Na

mass number38
neutron number27
Nisbiy atom massa
38,066458 ± 0,000768 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention
parity

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

39Na

mass number39
neutron number28
Nisbiy atom massa
39,075123 ± 0,000797 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2019
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sodium Atom

tarix

discoverer or inventorSir Humphrey Davy
location of discoveryEngland
time of discovery or invention1807
EtimologiyaMedieval Latin: sodanum, (headache remedy); symbol from Latin natrium, (sodium carbonate).
pronunciationSO-di-em (inglizcha)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
23 600 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okean)
10 800 mg/L
natural abundance (Inson tanasi)
0,14 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0,55 %
natural abundance (Quyosh)
0,004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3741
2p4.1982
2s4.4286
3s8.4926