Nikl, ²Nikal

Nikl, ²Nikal (Ni)

hemijski element sa simbolom Ni i atomskim brojem 28
Atomic Number28
Atomic Weight58.6934
Maseni broj58
Group10
Period4
Blockd
Proton28 p+
Neutron30 n0
Elektron28 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Ni (Nikl, ²Nikal)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
135 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
110 pm
Metallic Radius
115 pm
Ionski radijus
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
197 pm
gustoća
8,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Nikl, ²Nikal0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
737 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,639877 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ni (Nikl, ²Nikal)
Toplota isparavanja
378,6 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
17,61 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
430,1 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 16, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Ni (Nikl, ²Nikal)
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: Ni (Nikl, ²Nikal)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Ni (Nikl, ²Nikal)
Orbital Diagram of Ni (Nikl, ²Nikal)
oksidacijsko stanje-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativnost
1.91
Electrophilicity Index
1,4915353151966217 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.186,15 K
Melting Point
1.728,15 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Gray
appearancelustrous, metallic, and silver with a gold tinge
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
90,9 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,07 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,444 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
14 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typeferromagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
631 K
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,52 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
4 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
76 GPa
Young's modulus
200 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,31
Brzina zvuka
4.970 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number69
Mendeleev Number67
Pettifor Number67
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
714,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
49 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
373 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
4,5
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0026
Kvantni brojevi3F4
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Nickel

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition5868.08%5868.08%6026.22%6026.22%623.63%623.63%611.14%611.14%640.93%640.93%

48Ni

Maseni broj48
broj neutrona20
relative atomic mass
48,019515 ± 0,000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,8 ± 0,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)30%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

49Ni

Maseni broj49
broj neutrona21
relative atomic mass
49,009157 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,5 ± 1 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)83.4%

50Ni

Maseni broj50
broj neutrona22
relative atomic mass
49,996286 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18,5 ± 1,2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)73%
2p (2-proton emission)14%

51Ni

Maseni broj51
broj neutrona23
relative atomic mass
50,987493 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
23,8 ± 0,2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87.2%
2p (2-proton emission)0.5%

52Ni

Maseni broj52
broj neutrona24
relative atomic mass
51,975781 ± 0,000089 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
41,8 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)31.1%

53Ni

Maseni broj53
broj neutrona25
relative atomic mass
52,96819 ± 0,000027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
55,2 ± 0,7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)22.7%

54Ni

Maseni broj54
broj neutrona26
relative atomic mass
53,957833 ± 0,000005 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
114,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

55Ni

Maseni broj55
broj neutrona27
relative atomic mass
54,951329846 ± 0,000000757 Da
g-factor
0,28 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
203,9 ± 1,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

56Ni

Maseni broj56
broj neutrona28
relative atomic mass
55,942127761 ± 0,000000428 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,075 ± 0,01 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

57Ni

Maseni broj57
broj neutrona29
relative atomic mass
56,939791394 ± 0,000000608 Da
g-factor
-0,53166666666667 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
35,6 ± 0,06 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

58Ni

Maseni broj58
broj neutrona30
relative atomic mass
57,93534165 ± 0,000000374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
68,0769 ± 0,019
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1921
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

59Ni

Maseni broj59
broj neutrona31
relative atomic mass
58,934345442 ± 0,000000376 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
81 ± 5 ky
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

60Ni

Maseni broj60
broj neutrona32
relative atomic mass
59,930785129 ± 0,000000378 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,2231 ± 0,015
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1921
parity+

61Ni

Maseni broj61
broj neutrona33
relative atomic mass
60,931054819 ± 0,000000381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
1,1399 ± 0,0013
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,162 ± 0,015
datum otkrića1934
parity-

62Ni

Maseni broj62
broj neutrona34
relative atomic mass
61,928344753 ± 0,000000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
3,6345 ± 0,004
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

63Ni

Maseni broj63
broj neutrona35
relative atomic mass
62,929669021 ± 0,000000457 Da
g-factor
0,992 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
101,2 ± 1,5 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

64Ni

Maseni broj64
broj neutrona36
relative atomic mass
63,927966228 ± 0,000000497 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,9256 ± 0,0019
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1935
parity+

65Ni

Maseni broj65
broj neutrona37
relative atomic mass
64,930084585 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
0,276 ± 0,024
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,5175 ± 0,0005 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1946
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

66Ni

Maseni broj66
broj neutrona38
relative atomic mass
65,929139333 ± 0,0000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
54,6 ± 0,3 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

67Ni

Maseni broj67
broj neutrona39
relative atomic mass
66,931569413 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
1,202 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1978
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

68Ni

Maseni broj68
broj neutrona40
relative atomic mass
67,931868787 ± 0,0000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
29 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

69Ni

Maseni broj69
broj neutrona41
relative atomic mass
68,935610267 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,4 ± 0,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1984
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Ni

Maseni broj70
broj neutrona42
relative atomic mass
69,9364313 ± 0,000002301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

71Ni

Maseni broj71
broj neutrona43
relative atomic mass
70,940518962 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,56 ± 0,03 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Ni

Maseni broj72
broj neutrona44
relative atomic mass
71,941785924 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,57 ± 0,05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

73Ni

Maseni broj73
broj neutrona45
relative atomic mass
72,946206681 ± 0,000002601 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
840 ± 30 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

74Ni

Maseni broj74
broj neutrona46
relative atomic mass
73,947718 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
507,7 ± 4,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

75Ni

Maseni broj75
broj neutrona47
relative atomic mass
74,952506 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
331,6 ± 3,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

76Ni

Maseni broj76
broj neutrona48
relative atomic mass
75,954707 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
234,6 ± 2,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14%

77Ni

Maseni broj77
broj neutrona49
relative atomic mass
76,959903 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
158,9 ± 4,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

78Ni

Maseni broj78
broj neutrona50
relative atomic mass
77,962555 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
122,2 ± 5,1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

79Ni

Maseni broj79
broj neutrona51
relative atomic mass
78,969769 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
44 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

80Ni

Maseni broj80
broj neutrona52
relative atomic mass
79,975051 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30 ± 22 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2014
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

81Ni

Maseni broj81
broj neutrona53
relative atomic mass
80,982727 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

82Ni

Maseni broj82
broj neutrona54
relative atomic mass
81,988492 ± 0,000859 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Electrolytic nickel

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljAxel Cronstedt
mjesto otkrićaSweden
datum otkrića1751
EtimologijaGerman: kupfernickel (false copper).
pronunciationNIK-l (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (okean)
0,00056 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
1,3 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,008 %
Abundance in Universe
0,006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6474
2p3.9048
2s7.7874
3d15.4705
3p13.915
3s13.039
4s22.2892