Níquel

Níquel (Ni)

chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28
Atomic Number28
Atomic Weight58.6934
Rhif màs58
Group10
Period4
Blockd
Proton28 p+
Niwtron30 n0
Electron28 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ni (Níquel)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
110 pm
Metallic Radius
115 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
197 pm
density
8.9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Níquel0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
737 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7.639877 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ni (Níquel)
enthalpy of vaporization
378.6 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
17.61 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
430.1 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 8, 16, 2
Bohr model: Ni (Níquel)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ni (Níquel)
trefn yr electronnau[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Ni (Níquel)
Orbital Diagram of Ni (Níquel)
Cyflwr ocsidiad-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Electronegatifedd
1.91
Electrophilicity Index
1.4915353151966217 eV/particle
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,186.15 K
Melting Point
1,728.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
lliw
Gray
appearancelustrous, metallic, and silver with a gold tinge
Mynegrif plygiant
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
90.9 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0.0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.07 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.444 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
14 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.00000007000000000002 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeferromagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
631 K
Néel temperature
strwythur
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3.52 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
4 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
76 GPa
Young's modulus
200 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.31
speed of sound
4,970 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number69
Mendeleev Number67
Pettifor Number67
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
714.1 kJ/mol
polarizability
49 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
373 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
4.5
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0026
quantum number3F4
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Nickel

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition5868.08%5868.08%6026.22%6026.22%623.63%623.63%611.14%611.14%640.93%640.93%

48Ni

Rhif màs48
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
48.019515 ± 0.000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.8 ± 0.8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)30%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

49Ni

Rhif màs49
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
49.009157 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
7.5 ± 1 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)83.4%

50Ni

Rhif màs50
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
49.996286 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
18.5 ± 1.2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)73%
2p (2-proton emission)14%

51Ni

Rhif màs51
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
50.987493 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
23.8 ± 0.2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87.2%
2p (2-proton emission)0.5%

52Ni

Rhif màs52
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
51.975781 ± 0.000089 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
41.8 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)31.1%

53Ni

Rhif màs53
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
52.96819 ± 0.000027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
55.2 ± 0.7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)22.7%

54Ni

Rhif màs54
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
53.957833 ± 0.000005 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
114.1 ± 0.3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

55Ni

Rhif màs55
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
54.951329846 ± 0.000000757 Da
g-factor
0.28 ± 0.0085714285714286
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
203.9 ± 1.3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

56Ni

Rhif màs56
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
55.942127761 ± 0.000000428 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
6.075 ± 0.01 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

57Ni

Rhif màs57
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
56.939791394 ± 0.000000608 Da
g-factor
-0.53166666666667 ± 0.00093333333333333
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
35.6 ± 0.06 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

58Ni

Rhif màs58
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
57.93534165 ± 0.000000374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
68.0769 ± 0.019
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1921
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

59Ni

Rhif màs59
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
58.934345442 ± 0.000000376 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
81 ± 5 ky
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

60Ni

Rhif màs60
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
59.930785129 ± 0.000000378 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26.2231 ± 0.015
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1921
parity+

61Ni

Rhif màs61
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
60.931054819 ± 0.000000381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
1.1399 ± 0.0013
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.162 ± 0.015
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity-

62Ni

Rhif màs62
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
61.928344753 ± 0.000000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
3.6345 ± 0.004
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity+

63Ni

Rhif màs63
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
62.929669021 ± 0.000000457 Da
g-factor
0.992 ± 0.01
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
101.2 ± 1.5 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

64Ni

Rhif màs64
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
63.927966228 ± 0.000000497 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.9256 ± 0.0019
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1935
parity+

65Ni

Rhif màs65
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
64.930084585 ± 0.000000518 Da
g-factor
0.276 ± 0.024
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.5175 ± 0.0005 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1946
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

66Ni

Rhif màs66
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
65.929139333 ± 0.0000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
54.6 ± 0.3 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

67Ni

Rhif màs67
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
66.931569413 ± 0.0000031 Da
g-factor
1.202 ± 0.01
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
21 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1978
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

68Ni

Rhif màs68
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
67.931868787 ± 0.0000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
29 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

69Ni

Rhif màs69
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
68.935610267 ± 0.000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
11.4 ± 0.3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1984
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Ni

Rhif màs70
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
69.9364313 ± 0.000002301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
6 ± 0.3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

71Ni

Rhif màs71
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
70.940518962 ± 0.000002401 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.56 ± 0.03 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Ni

Rhif màs72
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
71.941785924 ± 0.000002401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.57 ± 0.05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

73Ni

Rhif màs73
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
72.946206681 ± 0.000002601 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
840 ± 30 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

74Ni

Rhif màs74
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
73.947718 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
507.7 ± 4.6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

75Ni

Rhif màs75
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
74.952506 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
331.6 ± 3.2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

76Ni

Rhif màs76
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
75.954707 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
234.6 ± 2.7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14%

77Ni

Rhif màs77
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
76.959903 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
158.9 ± 4.2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

78Ni

Rhif màs78
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
77.962555 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
122.2 ± 5.1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

79Ni

Rhif màs79
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
78.969769 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
44 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

80Ni

Rhif màs80
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
79.975051 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
30 ± 22 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2014
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

81Ni

Rhif màs81
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
80.982727 ± 0.000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

82Ni

Rhif màs82
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
81.988492 ± 0.000859 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Electrolytic nickel

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrAxel Cronstedt
man darganfodSweden
dyddiad darganfod1751
geirdarddiadGerman: kupfernickel (false copper).
ynganiadNIK-l (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (cefnfor)
0.00056 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
0.00001 %
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
1.3 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.008 %
Abundance in Universe
0.006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6474
2p3.9048
2s7.7874
3d15.4705
3p13.915
3s13.039
4s22.2892